Browsing by Subject "CORRELATE"

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  • Paatela, Teemu; Vasara, Anna; Nurmi, Heikki; Kautiainen, Hannu; Kiviranta, Ilkka (2020)
    The International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) score and the Oswestry Arthroscopic Score (OAS) have been validated to evaluate repair tissue quality. However, the performance of these scores has not been studied in typical patients undergoing cartilage repair and who have lesions of varying sizes. In this study, we compared the performance of the ICRS and the OAS scores and analyzed the effect of lesion characteristics on the performance of these two scores. Cartilage repair quality was assessed in a total of 104 arthroscopic observations of cartilage repair sites of the knee in 62 patients after autologous chondrocyte implantation. Two observers scored the repair areas independently with the ICRS and the OAS scores. The performance of both scores was evaluated according to internal consistency and inter-rater reliability and correlation between the scores. The frequency and proportion of disagreements were analyzed according to the repair site area and the given score. The correlation between the scores was good (r = 0.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.87-0.94). Both scores showed moderate internal consistency and inter-rater reliability. Cronbach's alpha was 0.88 (95% CI: 0.80-0.92) for the ICRS score and 0.79 (95% CI: 0.70-0.86) for the OAS score. The intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.89 (95% CI: 0.84-0.92) for the ICRS and 0.81 (95% CI: 0.74-0.87) for the OAS scores. The frequency and proportion of disagreements were higher in larger repair sites. In arthroscopic use, both ICRS and OAS scores perform similarly, however, their reliability deteriorates as the lesion size increases. (c) 2019 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res
  • Mantula, Paula S.; Outinen, Tuula K.; Jaatinen, Pia; Hämäläinen, Mari; Huhtala, Heini; Pörsti, Ilkka H.; Vaheri, Antti; Mustonen, Jukka T.; Mäkelä, Satu M. (2018)
    Background Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) infected patients typically suffer from acute kidney injury (AKI). Adipokines have inflammation modulating functions in acute diseases including AKI. We examined plasma levels of three adipokines (resistin, leptin, and adiponectin) in acute PUUV infection and their associations with disease severity. Methods This study included 79 patients hospitalized due to acute PUUV infection. Plasma resistin, leptin, adiponectin, as well as IL-6 and CRP, were measured at the acute phase, recovery phase and one year after hospitalization. Results Plasma resistin levels were significantly higher in the acute phase compared to the recovery phase and one year after (median resistin 28 pg/mL (11-107) vs. 17 pg/mL (7-36) vs. 14 pg/mL (7-31), p= 353.6 mu mol/L) (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.02-1.14). Neither plasma leptin nor adiponectin level had any correlation with creatinine concentration or the amount of albuminuria. Conclusions Plasma resistin independently associates with the severity of AKI in acute PUUV infection. The association of resistin with the amount of albuminuria suggests that the level of plasma resistin is not only influenced by renal clearance but could have some role in the pathogenesis of AKI during PUUV infection.
  • Bernardi, Nicolo F.; Codrons, Erwan; di Leo, Rita; Vandoni, Matteo; Cavallaro, Filippo; Vita, Giuseppe; Bernardi, Luciano (2017)
    In light of theories postulating a role formusic in forming emotional and social bonds, here we investigated whether endogenous rhythms synchronize between multiple individuals when listening to music. Cardiovascular and respiratory recordings were taken from multiple individuals (musically trained or music-naive) simultaneously, at rest and during a live concert comprisingmusic excerpts with varying degrees of complexity of the acoustic envelope. Inter-individual synchronization of cardiorespiratory rhythms showed a subtle but reliable increase during passively listening to music compared to baseline. The low-level auditory features of the music were largely responsible for creating or disrupting such synchronism, explaining similar to 80% of its variance, over and beyond subjective musical preferences and previous musical training. Listening to simple rhythms and melodies, which largely dominate the choice of music during rituals and mass events, brings individuals together in terms of their physiological rhythms, which could explain why music is widely used to favor social bonds.
  • Gazali, Ahmad M.; Schroderus, Anna-Mari; Näntö-Salonen, Kirsti; Rintamäki, Reeta; Pihlajamäki, Jussi; Knip, Mikael; Veijola, Riitta; Toppari, Jorma; Ilonen, Jorma; Kinnunen, Tuure (2020)
    Aims/hypothesis Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are innate-like T cells that recognise derivatives of bacterial riboflavin metabolites presented by MHC-Ib-related protein 1 (MR1) molecules and are important effector cells for mucosal immunity. Their development can be influenced by the intestinal microbiome. Since the development of type 1 diabetes has been associated with changes in the gut microbiome, this can be hypothesised to lead to alterations in circulating MAIT cells. Accordingly, peripheral blood MAIT cell alterations have been reported previously in patients with type 1 diabetes. However, a comprehensive analysis of the frequency and phenotype of circulating MAIT cells at different stages of type 1 diabetes progression is currently lacking. Methods We analysed the frequency, phenotype and functionality of peripheral blood MAIT cells, as well as gamma delta T cells, invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells and natural killer (NK) cells with flow cytometry in a cross-sectional paediatric cohort (aged 2-15) consisting of 51 children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes, 27 autoantibody-positive (AAb(+)) at-risk children, and 113 healthy control children of similar age and HLA class II background. The frequency of MAIT cells was also assessed in a separate cross-sectional adult cohort (aged 19-39) of 33 adults with established type 1 diabetes and 37 healthy individuals of similar age. Results Children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes displayed a proportional increase of CD8(-)CD27(-)MAIT cells compared with healthy control children (median 4.6% vs 3.1% of MAIT cells, respectively, p = 0.004), which was associated with reduced expression of C-C chemokine receptor (CCR)5 (median 90.0% vs 94.3% of MAIT cells, p = 0.02) and beta 7 integrin (median 73.5% vs 81.7% of MAIT cells, p = 0.004), as well as decreased production of IFN-gamma (median 57.1% vs 69.3% of MAIT cells, p = 0.04) by the MAIT cells. The frequency of MAIT cells was also decreased in AAb(+)children who later progressed to type 1 diabetes compared with healthy control children (median 0.44% vs 0.96% of CD3(+)T cells, p = 0.04), as well as in adult patients with a short duration of type 1 diabetes (less than 6 years after diagnosis) compared with control individuals (median 0.87% vs 2.19% of CD3(+)T cells, p = 0.007). No alterations in gamma delta T cell, iNKT cell or NK cell frequencies were observed in children with type 1 diabetes or in AAb(+) children, with the exception of an increased frequency of IL-17A(+)gamma delta T cells in children with newly diagnosed diabetes compared with healthy control children (median 1.58% vs 1.09% of gamma delta T cells, p = 0.002). Conclusions/interpretation Changes in the frequency and phenotype of circulating MAIT cells were detectable before, at the onset and after diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in cross-sectional cohorts. Our results suggest a possible temporal association between peripheral blood MAIT cell alterations and the clinical onset of type 1 diabetes.
  • Gullaksen, Stein-Erik; Skavland, Jorn; Gavasso, Sonia; Tosevski, Vinko; Warzocha, Krzysztof; Dumrese, Claudia; Ferrant, Augustin; Gedde-Dahl, Tobias; Hellmann, Andrzej; Janssen, Jeroen; Labar, Boris; Lang, Alois; Majeed, Waleed; Mihaylov, Georgi; Stentoft, Jesper; Stenke, Leif; Thaler, Josef; Thielen, Noortje; Verhoef, Gregor; Voglova, Jaroslava; Ossenkoppele, Gert; Hochhaus, Andreas; Hjorth-Hansen, Henrik; Mustjoki, Satu; Sopper, Sieghart; Giles, Francis; Porkka, Kimmo; Wolf, Dominik; Gjertsen, Bjorn Tore (2017)
    Monitoring of single cell signal transduction in leukemic cellular subsets has been proposed to provide deeper understanding of disease biology and prognosis, but has so far not been tested in a clinical trial of targeted therapy. We developed a complete mass cytometry analysis pipeline for characterization of intracellular signal transduction patterns in the major leukocyte subsets of chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia. Changes in phosphorylated Bcr-Abl1 and the signaling pathways involved were readily identifiable in peripheral blood single cells already within three hours of the patient receiving oral nilotinib. The signal transduction profiles of healthy donors were clearly distinct from those of the patients at diagnosis. Furthermore, using principal component analysis, we could show that phosphorylated transcription factors STAT3 (Y705) and CREB (S133) within seven days reflected BCR-ABL1(IS) at three and six months. Analyses of peripheral blood cells longitudinally collected from patients in the ENEST1st clinical trial showed that single cell mass cytometry appears to be highly suitable for future investigations addressing tyrosine kinase inhibitor dosing and effect. (clinicaltrials. gov identifier: 01061177)