Browsing by Subject "CRE RECOMBINASE"

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  • Birling, M. C.; Fray, M. D.; Kasparek, P.; Kopkanova, J.; Massimi, M.; Matteoni, R.; Montoliu, L.; Nutter, L. M.J.; Raspa, M.; Rozman, J.; Ryder, E. J.; Scavizzi, F.; Voikar, V.; Wells, S.; Pavlovic, G.; Teboul, L. (2022)
    The reproducibility of research using laboratory animals requires reliable management of their quality, in particular of their genetics, health and environment, all of which contribute to their phenotypes. The point at which these biological materials are transferred between researchers is particularly sensitive, as it may result in a loss of integrity of the animals and/or their documentation. Here, we describe the various aspects of laboratory animal quality that should be confirmed when sharing rodent research models. We also discuss how repositories of biological materials support the scientific community to ensure the continuity of the quality of laboratory animals. Both the concept of quality and the role of repositories themselves extend to all exchanges of biological materials and all networks that support the sharing of these reagents.
  • Tolkachov, Alexander; Fischer, Cornelius; Ambrosi, Thomas H.; Bothe, Melissa; Han, Chung-Ting; Muenzner, Matthias; Mathia, Susanne; Salminen, Marjo; Seifert, Georg; Thiele, Mario; Duda, Georg N.; Meijsing, Sebastiaan H.; Sauer, Sascha; Schulz, Tim J.; Schupp, Michael (2018)
    The transcription factor GATA2 is required for expansion and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). In mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), GATA2 blocks adipogenesis, but its biological relevance and underlying genomic events are unknown. We report a dual function of GATA2 in bone homeostasis. GATA2 in MSCs binds near genes involved in skeletal system development and colocalizes with motifs for FOX and HOX transcription factors, known regulators of skeletal development. Ectopic GATA2 blocks osteoblastogenesis by interfering with SMAD1/5/8 activation. MSC-specific deletion of GATA2 in mice increases the numbers and differentiation capacity of bone-derived precursors, resulting in elevated bone formation. Surprisingly, MSC-specific GATA2 deficiency impairs the trabecularization and mechanical strength of bone, involving reduced MSC expression of the osteoclast inhibitor osteoprotegerin and increased osteoclast numbers. Thus, GATA2 affects bone turnover via MSC-autonomous and indirect effects. By regulating bone trabecularization, GATA2 expression in the osteogenic lineage may contribute to the anatomical and cellular microenvironment of the HSC niche required for hematopoiesis.