Browsing by Subject "CRITICAL LIMB ISCHEMIA"

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  • Spillerova, K.; Settembre, N.; Biancari, F.; Albäck, A.; Venermo, M. (2017)
    Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of angiosome targeted (direct) revascularisation according to revascularisation method in patients with diabetes. Materials and methods: This retrospective study cohort comprised 545 diabetic patients with critical limb ischaemia and tissue loss (Rutherford 5, 6). All patients underwent infrapopliteal endovascular (PTA) or open surgical revascularisation between January 2008 and December 2013. Differences in the outcome after direct revascularisation, bypass surgery, and PTA were investigated by means of Cox proportional hazards analysis. The endpoints were wound healing, leg salvage, and amputation free survival. Results: Overall, 60.3% of the ischaemic wounds healed during 1 year of follow-up. The highest wound healing rate was achieved after direct bypass (77%) and the worst after indirect PTA (52%). The Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that the number of affected angiosomes = 10 mg/dL (HR 2.05, 95% CI 1.45-2.90), atrial fibrillation (HR 1.54, 95% CI 1.05-2.26), and number of affected angiosomes >3 (HR 1.75, 95% CI 1.24-2.46) were significantly associated with poor leg salvage. Direct PTA was associated with a lower rate of major amputation compared with indirect PTA (HR 0.57 95% CI 0.37-0.89). Conclusion: In diabetics, indirect endovascular revascularisation leads to significantly worse wound healing and leg salvage rates compared with direct revascularisation. Therefore, endovascular procedures should be targeted according to the angiosome concept. In bypass surgery, however, the concept is of less value and the artery with the best runoff should be selected as the outflow artery. (C) 2017 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Björkman, Patrick; Auvinen, Tommi; Hakovirta, Harri; Romsi, Pekka; Turtiainen, Johanna; Manninen, Hannu; Venermo, Maarit (2018)
    Background: Claudication and critical limb threatening ischemia are significant causes of mortality in the elderly. The gold standard of superficial femoral artery (SFA) revascularization is thus far considered to be the femoropopliteal bypass. The aim of this study was to compare mid-term patency between drug-eluting stents (DESs) and prosthetic bypass grafts (BSX). Studies have reported comparable results for both the methods. Methods: Forty-six patients with claudication or rest pain due to a 5-25 cm SFA occlusion were randomized between DES and BSX groups. The follow-up period was 24 months, and the primary outcome measure was overall patency. Secondary outcome measures were primary and primary assisted patency, change in ankle-brachial index (ABI), and amputation-free survival. Results: Forty-one patients were eventually analyzed. Six-month secondary patency was 91% (DES) versus 83% (BSX) (P = 0.450). The corresponding numbers at 12 months in the DES and BSX groups were 74% and 80% (P = 0.750), respectively. At 24 months, the respective numbers were 56% and 71% (P = 0.830). There were no statistically significant differences in primary or assisted primary patency at 1, 6, or 12 months. Conclusion: There were no demonstrable differences in patency rates or clinical outcomes such as ABI or major amputations between DES and BSX. Although underpowered, the results suggest noninferiority of the DES compared with prosthetic bypass surgery.
  • Aboyans, Victor; Ricco, Jean-Baptiste; Bartelink, Marie-Louise E. L.; Bjorck, Martin; Brodmann, Marianne; Cohnert, Tina; Collet, Jean-Philippe; Czerny, Martin; De Carlo, Marco; Debus, Sebastian; Espinola-Klein, Christine; Kahan, Thomas; Kownator, Serge; Mazzolai, Lucia; Naylor, A. Ross; Roffi, Marco; Roether, Joachim; Sprynger, Muriel; Tendera, Michal; Tepe, Gunnar; Venermo, Maarit; Vlachopoulos, Charalambos; Desormais, Ileana; Widimsky, Petr; Kolh, Philippe; Agewall, Stefan; Bueno, Hector; Coca, Antonio; De Borst, Gert J.; Delgado, Victoria; Dick, Florian; Erol, Cetin; Ferrini, Marc; Kakkos, Stavros; Katus, Hugo A.; Knuuti, Juhani; Lindholt, Jes; Mattle, Heinrich; Pieniazek, Piotr; Piepoli, Massimo Francesco; Scheinert, Dierk; Sievert, Horst; Simpson, Iain; Sulzenko, Jakub; Tamargo, Juan; Tokgozoglu, Lale; Torbicki, Adam; Tsakountakis, Nikolaos; Tunon, Jose; Vega de Ceniga, Melina; Windecker, Stephan; Zamorano, Jose Luis (2018)
    Document covering atherosclerotic disease of extracranial carotid and vertebral, mesenteric, renal, upper and lower extremity arteries Endorsed by: the European Stroke Organization (ESO) The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and of the European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS) Authors/Task Force Members (a), Victor Aboyans (*), Jean- Baptiste Ricco (*), Marie- Louise E. L. Bartelink, Martin Bjorck, Marianne Brodmann, Tina Cohnert, Jean-Philippe Collet, Martin Czerny, Marco De Carlo, Sebastian Debus, Christine Espinola-Klein, Thomas Kahan, Serge Kownator, Lucia Mazzolai, A. Ross Naylor, Marco Roffi, Joachim Rother, Muriel Sprynger, Michal Tendera, Gunnar Tepe, Maarit Venermo, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Ileana Desormais Document Reviewers (b), Petr Widimsky, Philippe Kolh, Stefan Agewall, Hector Bueno, Antonio Coca, Gert J. De Borst, Victoria Delgado, Florian Dick, Cetin Erol, Marc Ferrini, Stavros Kakkos, Hugo A. Katus, Juhani Knuuti, Jes Lindholt, Heinrich Mattle, Piotr Pieniazek, Massimo Francesco Piepoli, Dierk Scheinert, Horst Sievert, Iain Simpson, Jakub Sulzenko, Juan Tamargo, Lale Tokgozoglu, Adam Torbicki, Nikolaos Tsakountakis, Jose Tunon, Melina Vega de Ceniga, Stephan Windecker, Jose Luis Zamorano
  • Forsythe, Rachael O.; Apelqvist, Jan; Boyko, Edward J.; Fitridge, Robert; Hong, Joon P.; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Mills, Joseph L.; Nikol, Sigrid; Reekers, Jim; Venermo, Maarit; Zierler, R. Eugene; Hinchliffe, Robert J.; Schaper, Nicolaas C. (2020)
    In patients with diabetes, foot ulceration and peripheral artery disease (PAD), it is often difficult to determine whether, when and how to revascularise the affected lower extremity. The presence of PAD is a major risk factor for non-healing and yet clinical outcomes of revascularisation are not necessarily related to technical success. The International Working Group of the Diabetic Foot updated systematic review on the effectiveness of revascularisation of the ulcerated foot in patients with diabetes and PAD is comprised of 64 studies describing >13000 patients. Amongst 60 case series and 4 non-randomised controlled studies, we summarised clinically relevant outcomes and found them to be broadly similar between patients treated with open vs endovascular therapy. Following endovascular revascularisation, the 1 year and 2 year limb salvage rates were 80% (IQR 78-82%) and 78% (IQR 75-83%), whereas open therapy was associated with rates of 85% (IQR 80-90%) at 1 year and 87% (IQR 85-88%) at 2years, however these results were based on a varying combination of studies and cannot therefore be interpreted as cumulative. Overall, wound healing was achieved in a median of 60% of patients (IQR 50-69%) at 1 year in those treated by endovascular or surgical therapy, and the major amputation rate of endovascular vs open therapy was 2% vs 5% at 30days, 10% vs 9% at 1 year and 13% vs 9% at 2years. For both strategies, overall mortality was found to be high, with 2% (1-6%) perioperative (or 30day) mortality, rising sharply to 13% (9-23%) at 1 year, 29% (19-48%) at 2years and 47% (39-71%) at 5years. Both the angiosome concept (revascularisation directly to the area of tissue loss via its main feeding artery) or indirect revascularisation through collaterals, appear to be equally effective strategies for restoring perfusion. Overall, the available data do not allow us to recommend one method of revascularisation over the other and more studies are required to determine the best revascularisation approach in diabetic foot ulceration.
  • Behrendt, Christian-Alexander; Sigvant, Birgitta; Szeberin, Zoltan; Beiles, Barry; Eldrup, Nikolaj; Thomson, Ian A.; Venermo, Maarit; Altreuther, Martin; Menyhei, Gabor; Nordanstig, Joakim; Clarke, Mike; Riess, Henrik Christian; Björck, Martin; Debus, Eike Sebastian (2018)
    Objectives: To study international differences in incidence and practice patterns as well as time trends in lower limb amputations related to peripheral arterial disease and/or diabetes mellitus. Methods: Data on lower limb amputations during 2010-2014 were collected from population based administrative data from countries in Europe and Australasia participating in the VASCUNET collaboration. Amputation rates, time trends, in hospital or 30 day mortality and reimbursement systems were analysed. Results: Data from 12 countries covering 259 million inhabitants in 2014 were included. Individuals aged >= 65 years ranged from 12.9% (Slovakia) to 20.7% (Germany) and diabetes prevalence among amputees from 25.7% (Finland) to 74.3% (Slovakia). The mean incidence of major amputation varied between 7.2/100,000 (New Zealand) and 41.4/100,000 (Hungary), with an overall declining time trend with the exception of Slovakia, while minor amputations increased over time. The older age group (>= 65 years) was up to 4.9 times more likely to be amputated compared with those younger than 65 years. Reported mortality rates were lowest in Finland (6.3%) and highest in Hungary (20.3%). Countries with a fee for service reimbursement system had a lower incidence of major amputation compared with countries with a population based reimbursement system (14.3/100,000 versus 18.4/100,000, respectively, p <.001). Conclusions: This international audit showed large geographical differences in major amputation rates, by a factor of almost six, and an overall declining time trend during the 4 year observation of this study. Diabetes prevalence, age distribution, and mortality rates were also found to vary between countries. Despite limitations attributable to registry data, these findings are important, and warrant further research on how to improve limb salvage in different demographic settings. (C) 2018 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Björkman, Patrick; Peltola, E.; Albäck, Anders; Venermo, Maarit (2017)
    Background and Aims: The objective of this study is to analyze outcomes of the first experiences with drug-eluting balloons in native arteries, vein grafts, and vascular accesses. The study is also a pilot for our future prospective, randomized, and controlled studies regarding the use of drug-eluting balloons in the treatment of the stenosis in bypass vein graft and dialysis access. Materials and Methods: A total of 93 consecutive patients were retrospectively analyzed and in the end 81 were included in the study. Inclusion criteria included at least one previous percutaneous angioplasty to the same lesion. Patients were divided into three groups according to the anatomical site of the lesion: native lower limb artery, vein bypass graft, or vascular access. Time from the previous percutaneous angioplasty to the drug-eluting balloon was compared to the time from the drug-eluting balloon to endpoint in the same patient. Endpoints included any new revascularization of the target lesion, major amputation, or new vascular access. Results: The median time from the drug-eluting balloon to endpoint was significantly longer than the median time from the preceding percutaneous angioplasty to drug-eluting balloon in all three groups. This difference was clearest in native arteries and vein grafts, whereas the difference was smaller from the beginning and disappeared over time in the vascular access group. No significant differences were seen between the groups with regard to smoking, antiplatelet regime, diabetes, Rutherford classification, or sex. Conclusion: Although the setup of this study has several limitations, the results suggest that there could be benefit from drug-eluting balloons in peripheral lesions. Very little data have been published on the use of drug-eluting balloons in vein grafts and vascular accesses, and randomized and controlled prospective studies are needed to further investigate this field.
  • ESC Working Grp Aorta Peripheral V (2018)
  • Wickstrom, J. -E.; Laivuori, Mirjami; Aro, E.; Sund, R. T.; Hautero, O.; Venermo, Maarit; Jalkanen, J.; Hakovirta, H. (2017)
    Objective/Background: Peripheral haemodynamic parameters are used to assess the presence and severity of peripheral artery disease (PAD). The prognostic value of ankle brachial index (ABI) has been thoroughly delineated. Nonetheless, the relative usefulness of ankle pressure (AP), ABI, toe pressure (TP), and toe brachial index (TBI) in assessing patient outcome has not been investigated in a concurrent study setting. This study aimed to resolve the association of all four non-invasive haemodynamic parameters in clinically symptomatic patients with PAD with cardiovascular mortality, overall mortality, and amputation free survival (AFS). Methods: In total, 732 symptomatic patients with PAD admitted to the Department of Vascular Surgery for conventional angiography at Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland, between January 2009 and August 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic factors, cardiovascular mortality, all-cause mortality, and above foot level amputations were obtained and assessed in relation to AP, ABI, TP, and TBI by means of Kaplan-Meier life tables and a multivariate Cox regression model. Results: The haemodynamic parameter that was associated with poor 36 month general outcome was TP <30 mmHg. Univariate Cox regression analysis of stratified values showed that TP and TBI associated significantly with mortality. In multivariate analysis both TP and TBI were associated with a significant risk of death. For TP <30 mmHg and TBI <0.25 the risk of cardiovascular mortality was hazard ratio [HR] 2.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.75-4.61 [p Conclusion: Among non-invasive haemodynamic measurements and pressure indices both TP and TBI appear to be associated with cardiovascular and overall mortality and AFS for patients with PAD presenting symptoms of the disease. (C) 2017 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.