Browsing by Subject "CROP PRODUCTION"

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  • Huttunen, Inese; Hyytiäinen, Kari; Huttunen, Markus; Sihvonen, Matti; Veijalainen, Noora; Korppoo, Marie; Heiskanen, Anna-Stiina (2021)
    This paper introduces a framework for extending global climate and socioeconomic scenarios in order to study agricultural nutrient pollution on an individual catchment scale. Our framework builds on and extends Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) and Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs) at the spatial and temporal scales that are relevant for the drivers of animal husbandry, manure recycling and the application of inorganic fertilisers in crop production. Our case study area is the Aura river catchment in South-West Finland, which discharges into the heavily eutrophic Baltic Sea. The Aura river catchment has intensive agriculture - both livestock and crop production. Locally adjusted and interpreted climate and socioeconomic scenarios were used as inputs to a field-level economic optimisation in order to study how farmers might react to the changing markets and climate conditions under different SSPs. The results on economically optimal fertilisation levels were then used as inputs to the spatially and temporally explicit nutrient loading model (VEMALA). Alternative manure recycling strategies that matched with SSP narratives were studied as means to reduce the phosphorus (P) overfertilisation in areas with high livestock density. According to our simulations, on average the P loads increased by 18% during 2071-2100 from the current level and the variation in P loads between scenarios was large (from & minus;14% to +50%). By contrast, the nitrogen (N) loads had decreased on average by & minus;9% (with variation from & minus;20% to +3%) by the end of the current century. Phosphorus loading was most sensitive to manure recycling strategies and the speed of climate change. Nitrogen loading was less sensitive to changes in climate and socioeconomic drivers. (c) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
  • Mäkelä, Jaakko Johannes; Ketoja, Elise; Kuisma, Miia T; Salo, Tapio; Yli-Halla, Markku Juhani; Kahiluoto, Helena (2019)
    Processing of organic residues may affect plant-availability of phosphorus (P) and thus the potential to recycle the nutrient, i.e., recyclability, but empirical evidence in the field is lacking. In field experiments in clay and silt loam soils with low available P, impact on P recyclability by cattle manure and sewage sludge processing methods (composting, anaerobic digestion, lime-stabilization, acid-oxidizer) and three application rates were assessed. Synthetic nitrogen (N) and potassium (K) fertilizers were supplied in surplus and NPK served as a reference. The differences in plant response were small at relevant application rates and not consistently explained by solubility of fertilizer P. Least P was required in composted manure for the same P uptake in silt loam, and composting was beneficial to plant response in clay as well. Lime-stabilization of sewage sludge had an adverse effect on P uptake in silt loam. Increasing application rates of sewage sludge hardly enhanced but did not lower P uptake or yield even at an excessive rate. Soil water-extractable P in the autumn liable to leaching was increased by NPK only. In clay soil, sewage sludges performed better than manures obviously due to anaerobic conditions caused by high precipitation, but in silt loam the contrary was the case. In conclusion, the availability of P in processed residues is more susceptible to weather and soil variables than in synthetic fertilizer. P fertilization benefits in cereal cropping in current north European conditions appear to be generally small.