Browsing by Subject "Cannabis"

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  • Knaappila, Noora; Marttunen, Mauri; Fröjd, Sari; Lindberg, Nina; Kaltiala, Riittakerttu (BioMed Central, 2020)
    Abstract Background Despite reduced sanctions and more permissive attitudes toward cannabis use in the USA and Europe, the prevalences of adolescent cannabis use have remained rather stable in the twenty-first century. However, whether trends in adolescent cannabis use differ between socioeconomic groups is not known. The aim of this study was to examine trends in cannabis use according to socioeconomic status among Finnish adolescents from 2000 to 2015. Methods A population-based school survey was conducted biennially among 14–16-year-old Finns between 2000 and 2015 (n = 761,278). Distributions for any and frequent cannabis use over time according to socioeconomic adversities were calculated using crosstabs and chi-square test. Associations between any and frequent cannabis use, time, and socioeconomic adversities were studied using binomial logistic regression results shown by odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Results At the overall level, the prevalences of lifetime and frequent cannabis use varied only slightly between 2000 and 2015. Cannabis use was associated with socioeconomic adversities (parental unemployment in the past year, low parental education, and not living with both parents). The differences in any and frequent cannabis use between socioeconomic groups increased significantly over the study period. Conclusions Although the overall changes in the prevalence of adolescent cannabis use were modest, cannabis use increased markedly among adolescents with the most socioeconomic adversities. Socioeconomic adversities should be considered in the prevention of adolescent cannabis use.
  • Kalso, Eija (2017)
  • Peltonen, Teemu; Levola, Jonna; Niemelä, Solja (2019)
    Psykoottisen henkilön päihteiden käyttö tulee selvittää kattavasti. Psykoosioireet voivat liittyä päihtymys- tai vieroitustiloihin, päihdepsykoosiin tai päihteistä riippumattomaan, itsenäiseen psykoottiseen häiriöön. Itsenäinen psykoottinen häiriö on erotettava päihdepsykoosista. DSM- ja ICD-tautiluokitusten päihdepsykoosin määritelmät eroavat toisistaan. Akuutti psykoosi hoidetaan yleisten hoitolinjojen mukaisesti etiologiasta riippumatta. Päihdepsykoosin sairastaneita on seurattava. Merkittävällä osalla täyttyvät myöhemmin itsenäisen psykoosisairauden diagnostiset kriteerit.
  • Alho, Hannu; Aalto, Mauri; Castrén, Sari; Hytinantti, Timo; Kahila, Hanna; Komulainen, Jorma; Niemelä, Solja; Simojoki, Kaarlo (2018)
  • Haravuori, Henna; Raitasalo, Kirsimarja (2017)
    Suomalaisnuorten tupakkakokeilut ja säännöllinen tupakointi ovat vähentyneet, mutta poikien nuuskan käyttö on lisääntynyt. Raittiiden nuorten osuus on kasvanut ja humalaan juovien osuus pienentynyt. Muiden huumeiden kuin kannabiksen käyttö on harvinaista. Kannabiskokeilut eivät ole lisääntyneet, vaikka nuorten asenteet ovat muuttuneet sallivammiksi ja nuorten aikuisten ryhmässä kannabista käyttävien osuudet ovat kasvaneet. Lääkkeiden sekakäyttö alkoholin kanssa päihtymistarkoituksessa on vähentynyt, mutta lääkkeiden ¬väärinkäyttö ei.
  • Salama, Essi; Niemelä, Solja; Suvisaari, Jaana; Laatikainen, Tiina; Koponen, Paivikki; Castaneda, Anu E. (2018)
    Background: Substance use is a well-known public health problem, but population-based research on migrants' substance use in Europe is limited. Factors related to the cultural background and current life situation might influence substance use among migrants. Here, the prevalence of substance use in Russian, Somali and Kurdish migrants in Finland is reported in comparison with the general population, and the associations between substance use and socio-economic and migration-related background factors among migrants are analysed. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Finnish Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study (Maamu) and comparison group data of the general Finnish population (n = 1165) from the Health 2011 Survey were used. The survey participants were of Russian (n = 702), Somali (n = 512), and Kurdish (n = 632) origin. Substance use included self-reported alcohol use within previous 12 months (AUDIT-C questionnaire), current and lifetime daily smoking and lifetime use of cannabis and intravenous drugs. Results: Binge drinking was less prevalent among all migrant groups than in the general Finnish population (Russian men 65%, p <0.01; Russian women 30%, p <0.01, Somali men 2%, p <0.01, Kurdish men 27%, p <0.01, Kurdish women 6%, p <0.01, general population men 87% and women 72%). Current daily smoking was more prevalent among Russian (28%, p = 0.04) and Kurdish (29%, p <0.01) migrant men compared with the reference group (20%). Younger age and employment were associated with binge drinking among migrants. Socio-economic disadvantage increased the odds for daily smoking in Russian, Somali and Kurdish migrant men. Several migration-related factors, such as age at migration and language proficiency, were associated with substance use. Conclusions: Binge drinking is less common among migrants than in the Finnish general population. However, current daily smoking was more prevalent among Russian and Kurdish migrant men compared with the general population. Younger age, level of education, employment, duration of residence in Finland and language proficiency were associated with binge drinking and daily smoking with varying patterns of association depending on the migrant group and gender. These findings draw attention to the variation in substance use habits among migrant populations.
  • Salama, Essi; Niemelä, Solja; Suvisaari, Jaana; Laatikainen, Tiina; Koponen, Päivikki; Castaneda, Anu E (BioMed Central, 2018)
    Abstract Background Substance use is a well-known public health problem, but population-based research on migrants’ substance use in Europe is limited. Factors related to the cultural background and current life situation might influence substance use among migrants. Here, the prevalence of substance use in Russian, Somali and Kurdish migrants in Finland is reported in comparison with the general population, and the associations between substance use and socio-economic and migration-related background factors among migrants are analysed. Methods Cross-sectional data from the Finnish Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study (Maamu) and comparison group data of the general Finnish population (n = 1165) from the Health 2011 Survey were used. The survey participants were of Russian (n = 702), Somali (n = 512), and Kurdish (n = 632) origin. Substance use included self-reported alcohol use within previous 12 months (AUDIT-C questionnaire), current and lifetime daily smoking and lifetime use of cannabis and intravenous drugs. Results Binge drinking was less prevalent among all migrant groups than in the general Finnish population (Russian men 65%, p < 0.01; Russian women 30%, p < 0.01, Somali men 2%, p < 0.01, Kurdish men 27%, p < 0.01, Kurdish women 6%, p < 0.01, general population men 87% and women 72%). Current daily smoking was more prevalent among Russian (28%, p = 0.04) and Kurdish (29%, p < 0.01) migrant men compared with the reference group (20%). Younger age and employment were associated with binge drinking among migrants. Socio-economic disadvantage increased the odds for daily smoking in Russian, Somali and Kurdish migrant men. Several migration-related factors, such as age at migration and language proficiency, were associated with substance use. Conclusions Binge drinking is less common among migrants than in the Finnish general population. However, current daily smoking was more prevalent among Russian and Kurdish migrant men compared with the general population. Younger age, level of education, employment, duration of residence in Finland and language proficiency were associated with binge drinking and daily smoking with varying patterns of association depending on the migrant group and gender. These findings draw attention to the variation in substance use habits among migrant populations.