Browsing by Subject "Capillary electrophoresis"

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  • Morani, Marco; Duc Mai, Thanh; Krupova, Zuzana; Defrenaix, Pierre; Multia, Evgen; Riekkola, Marja-Liisa; Taverna, Myriam (2020)
    This work reports on the development of the first capillary electrophoresis methodology for the elucidation of extracellular vesicles' (EVs) electrokinetic distributions. The approach is based on capillary electrophoresis coupled with laser-induced fluorescent (LIF) detection for the identification and quantification of EVs after their isolation. Sensitive detection of these nanometric entities was possible thanks to an 'inorganic-species-free' background electrolyte. This electrolyte was made up of weakly charged molecules at very high concentrations to stabilize EVs, and an intra-membrane labelling approach was used to prevent EV morphology modification. The limit of detection for EVs achieved using the developed CE-LIF method reached 8 x 10(9) EV/mL, whereas the calibration curve was acquired from 1.22 x 10(10) to 1.20 x 10(11) EV/mL. The CE-LIF approach was applied to provide the electrokinetic distributions of various EVs of animal and human origins, and visualize different EV subpopulations from our recently developed high-yield EV isolation method. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Kangastupa, Päivikki; Åkerman, Kari; Risku, Sari; Väisänen, Matti; Kuusela, Rutta; Romppanen, Jarkko; Kouki, Annika; Sneck, Mia; Itkonen, Outi; Niemelä, Onni (2023)
    Previous studies have identified occasional cases of heterozygous Hb Tacoma in areas that have attracted Finnish immigrants, especially in Sweden and North America, but large studies of this slightly unstable beta variant in vitro have not been carried out. Here we determined the prevalence of hemoglobin variants across Finland. A total of 5059 samples from 11 different hospital districts were analyzed using HbA1c capillary electrophoresis and reviewed for atypical profiles (HbA1c, Capillarys 3 Tera, Sebia). 38 heterozygous Hb Tacoma cases were found (0.75%). The prevalence was highest in South Ostrobothnia (2.0%), located in western Finland, and second highest in the neighboring provinces (1.0-1.4%), but only two districts were devoid of variants. Heterozygous Hb Tacoma was confirmed by genetic testing (NM_000518.5(HBB):c.93G > T (p.Arg31Ser)). In addition, five other variants were found, suggestive of HbE, Hb Helsinki (two cases) and an alpha variant, as interpreted from the electropherograms. The fifth variant, belonging to the South Ostrobothnian cohort, remained unknown at the time of the initial analyses, but was later interpreted as homozygous Hb Tacoma and confirmed by hemoglobin fraction analysis (Hemoglobin(E), Capillarys 3 Tera). In a subsequent retrospective study of the electropherograms of routine HbA1c diagnostics, altogether nine homozygous Hb Tacoma cases were identified in South Ostrobothnia. While heterozygous Hb Tacoma is usually an incidental finding, it interferes with several HbA1c assays. The present study is the first demonstration of homozygous Hb Tacoma. The clinical presentations of homozygous Hb Tacoma are not known and need to be addressed in future studies.