Browsing by Subject "Childhood cancer"

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  • Kero, A. E.; Madanat-Harjuoja, L. M.; Jarvela, L. S.; Malila, N.; Matomaki, J.; Lahteenmaki, P. M. (2016)
    Purpose: Childhood cancer survivors are at risk for developing metabolic syndrome (MetS), which subsequently leads to cardiovascular morbidity and excess mortality. Our aim was to investigate the purchases of medications associated with MetS among 7551 early onset cancer patients compared to siblings. Methods: Our nationwide Finnish population-based registry study analyzed the drug purchase of medication among early onset cancer patients diagnosed with cancer below the age of 35 years between 1994 and 2004 compared to siblings by linkage to the drug purchase registry, allowing for a maximal follow-up of 18 years. Results: The hazard ratios (HRs) for purchasing antihypertensives and diabetes drugs were higher after both childhood (HR 4.6, 95% CI 3.1-7.0; HR 3.0, 95% 1.5-6.1) and young adulthood (YA) cancer (HR 1.5, 95% CI 1.3-1.8; HR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.2) compared to siblings. The HRs for purchasing lipid-lowering drugs were elevated both after childhood (HR 4.3,95% CI 0.9-19.5) and YA cancer (HR 1.6, 95% CI 1.04-2.5), but only reached significance in YA cancer patients. Among specific cancer diagnosis groups, highest HR values for antihypertensives were found in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (HR 6.1, 95% CI 3.7-10.3) and bone tumor (HR 4.3, 95% CI 1.9-9.4), and YA ALL (HR 4.8, 95% CI 3.1-7.0) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (HR 3.4, 95% CI 2.5-5.1) patients. Moreover, childhood ALL (HR 6.3, 95% CI 2.7-14.8), AML (HR 7.6, 95% CI 1.9-24.5) and central nervous system (CNS)-tumor (HR 3.5, 95% CI 1.3-9.2) and YA ALL (HR 3.7, 95% CI 1.2-9.5) patients showed the strongest likelihood of purchasing diabetes drugs compared to siblings. Conclusion: The purchase of medications associated with MetS was increased after early onset cancer and highly dependent on the age at cancer diagnosis and the cancer diagnosis. Prevention strategies are imperative for reducing potentially life-threatening cardiovascular complications after early onset cancer. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Ljungman, Lisa; Remes, Tiina; Westin, Elisabeth; Huittinen, Alina; Lönnqvist, Tuula; Sirkiä, Kirsti; Rantala, Heikki; Ojaniemi, Marja; Harila, Marika; Lähteenmäki, Päivi; Arikoski, Pekka; Wikman, Anna; Harila-Saari, Arja (2022)
    Purpose Survivors of childhood brain tumors (BT) are at high risk for long-term physical and psychological sequelae. Still, knowledge about health-related quality of life (HRQL) and associated factors in this population is sparse. This study investigated HRQL and its predictors in long-term survivors of childhood BT. Methods Survivors of childhood BT (mean age = 28.1 years, SD = 6.8, n = 60) underwent clinical examination and neurocognitive examination, and completed self-rating questionnaires assessing HRQL (RAND-36) and depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory-II). Socio-demographic information was gathered via a questionnaire. Tumor- and treatment-related information was collected from medical records. Control group data were collected from age-matched controls (n = 146) without a history of cancer, randomly selected from the local population registry. Multiple linear regression models were used to investigate predictors of HRQL; separate models were fitted for each domain of the RAND-36. Results Male survivors (mean age = 27.0, SD = 6.0, n = 39) reported significantly lower HRQL than male controls in the domains of physical functioning, general health, vitality, social functioning, and role limitations-emotional. Female survivors (mean age = 30.2 years, SD = 7.6, n = 21) reported comparable levels as female controls in all domains except physical functioning. A higher burden of late effects, not working/studying, being diagnosed with BT during adolescence, and reporting current depressive symptoms were significant predictors of lower HRQL. Conclusion Our results highlight that male survivors of childhood BT are at particular risk of impaired HRQL. Also, results point to the close relation between symptoms of depression and impaired HRQL in survivors of childhood BT which should be acknowledged by long-term follow-up care.
  • Bonnesen, Trine Gade; Winther, Jeanette F.; Asdahl, Peter H.; Licht, Sofie de Fine; Gudmundsdottir, Thorgerdur; Holmqvist, Anna Saellfors; Madanat-Harjuoja, Laura-Maria; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Wesenberg, Finn; Birn, Henrik; Olsen, Jorgen H.; Hasle, Henrik; ALiCCS Study Grp (2016)
    Background: Childhood cancer has been associated with long-term risk of urinary tract diseases, but risk patterns remain to be comprehensively investigated. We analysed the lifetime risk of urinary tract diseases in survivors of childhood cancer in the Nordic countries. Methods: We identified 32,519 one-year survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed since the 1940s and 1950s in the five Nordic cancer registries and selected 211,156 population comparisons of a corresponding age, sex, and country of residence from the national population registries. To obtain information on all first-time hospitalizations for a urinary tract disease, we linked all study subjects to the national hospital registry of each country. Relative risks (RRs) and absolute excess risks (AERs) and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for urinary tract diseases among cancer survivors were calculated with the appropriate morbidity rates among comparisons as reference. Results: We observed 1645 childhood cancer survivors ever hospitalized for urinary tract disease yielding an RR of 2.5 (95% CI 2.4-2.7) and an AER of 229 (95% CI 210-248) per 100,000 person-years. The cumulative risk at age 60 was 22% in cancer survivors and 10% in comparisons. Infections of the urinary system and chronic kidney disease showed the highest excess risks, whereas survivors of neuroblastoma, hepatic and renal tumours experienced the highest RRs. Conclusion: Survivors of childhood cancer had an excess risk of urinary tract diseases and for most diseases the risk remained elevated throughout life. The highest risks occurred following therapy of childhood abdominal tumours. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Hoven, Emma; Fagerkvist, Kristina; Jahnukainen, Kirsi; Ljungman, Lisa; Lahteenmaki, Paivi M.; Axelsson, Ove; Lampic, Claudia; Wettergren, Lena (2021)
    Objective: To determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and to identify the factors associated with sexual dysfunction in young adult childhood cancer survivors. Methods: All survivors of childhood cancer (aged 19-40 years) in Sweden were invited to this population-based study, and 2546 men and women (59%) participated. Sexual function was examined with the PROMIS Sexual Function and Satisfaction Measure. Logistic regression was used to assess the differences between survivors and a general population sample (n = 819) and to identify the factors associated with sexual dysfunction in survivors. Results: Sexual dysfunction in at least one domain was reported by 57% of female and 35% of male survivors. Among females, dysfunction was most common for Sexual interest (36%), Orgasm -ability (32%) and Vulvar discomfort -labial (19%). Among males, dysfunction was most common for the domains satisfaction with sex life (20%), Sexual interest (14%) and Erectile function ( 9%). Compared with the general population, male survivors more frequently reported sexual dysfunction in >2 domains (OR = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.03-2.71), with an increased likelihood of dysfunction regarding Orgasm -ability (OR = 1.82; 95% CI: 1.01-3.28) and Erectile function (OR = 2.30; 95% CI: 1.18-4.49). Female survivors reported more dysfunction regarding Orgasm pleasure (9% versus 5%, OR Z 1.86; 95% CI: 1.11-3.13). A more intensive cancer treatment, emotional distress and body image disturbance were associated with sexual dysfunction in survivors. Conclusions: The findings underscore the need for routine assessment of sexual health in follow-up care of childhood cancer survivors and highlight that those treated with more intensive cancer treatment and who experience concurrent psychological concerns may benefit from targeted screening and interventions. 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (