Browsing by Subject "Classroom interaction"

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  • Kumpulainen, Kristiina; Rajala, Antti (2017)
    This study sought to understand how dialogic teaching, as enacted in everyday classroom interaction, affords students opportunities for identity negotiation as learners of science. By drawing on sociocultural and sociolinguistic accounts, the study examined how students' discursive identities were managed and recognized in the moment and over time during dialogic teaching and what consequences these negotiations had for their engagement in science learning. The study used video data of classroom interactions collected from an elementary science learning project and placed a specific analytic focus on four students in particular. The results reveal evidence of a rich variety of discursive identities exposed during dialogic teaching, thus demonstrating how the students' identity negotiations were configured according to the social architecture of classroom discourse. Addressing the temporal dimension of dialogic teaching points out critical shifts in the students' discursive identities, of which identification is argued to be pivotal when creating equitable science learning opportunities. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Slotte, Anna; Olin-Scheller, Christina; Tanner, Marie (Åbo Akademis förlag, 2019)
    Gymnasiestuderande i Norden är idag uppkopplade i klassrummet via datorer och pekplattor och det finns uttalade krav på att lärarna ska digitalisera undervisningen. I denna artikel sätter vi fokus på framväxande nya litteracitetspraktiker i gymnasieklassrum i Sverige och Finland. Syftet är att diskutera hur aspekter av ”new technical stuff” (NTS), den digitala kodens tekniska erbjudanden respektive ”new ethos stuff” (NES), nya användnings- mönster och förhållningssätt, sätts i rörelse i framväxande digitala litteracitets- praktiker (Lankshear & Knobel, 2011). Analyserna bygger på ett video- etnografiskt material, där gymnasiestuderandes interaktion och aktiviteter i klassrummet dokumenterats med hjälp av videoinspelning och skärmspegling av deras mobiltelefoner. Resultatet visar att digitaliseringen kan relateras till en starkare individualisering av undervisningen. Vidare pekar resultaten på att förutsättningar för en mer utvecklad NES i undervisningen tycks vara en genomtänkt introduktion och idé, samt explicit uttryckta förväntningar i förhållande till bruket av digitala resurser.
  • Karvonen, Ulla; Tainio, Liisa; Routarinne, Sara (2018)
    Most teachers in many Western countries make use curriculum materials such as textbooks, workbooks and related teacher's guides in their teaching. In this study, 29 First language and literature lessons are analysed to discover different ways in which texts that are part of curriculum materials are used in the curriculum. The findings indicate that the identification of the pedagogical potential of the texts demands a profound understanding of the subject matter. Moreover, the realization of this potential always involves creativity and improvisation. Thus, we suggest that preparedness to read curriculum materials analytically and critically is a core component of teachers' expertise.
  • Juvonen, Riitta; Tanner, Marie; Olin-Scheller, Christina; Tainio, Liisa; Slotte, Anna (2019)
    The aim of this article is to develop an understanding of how students use different interactional resources to manage problems that arise in their text-planning processes in digitally rich environments in Finnish and Swedish upper secondary schools. We explore both individual and collective teacher-initiated writing tasks in different subjects and during moments when text-planning seems to ‘get stuck’. Theoretically, we draw on a socio-cultural understanding of the text-planning process, and use multimodal conversation analysis to examine how students display 'being stuck' during their text-planning through their embodied and verbal performances, what role smartphones and laptops play in their process of becoming 'stuck' and 'unstuck', and how different interactional resources are coordinated during the students’ text-planning processes. The data consist of video-recorded face-to-face interaction, students’ activities on computers and/or with a pen and paper as well as simultaneous recordings of the focus students’ smartphone screens. The results demonstrate that students often resort to smartphones as resources to display, negotiate and transform problems in their text-planning process. Our results challenge common claims within the contemporary debate both in relation to digital devices as the solution to pedagogical challenges and in relation to the debate on smartphones as devices that disrupt work.