Browsing by Subject "Complications"

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  • Niimura del Barrio, Maria C; David, Florent; Hughes, J. M L; Clifford, David; Wilderjans, Hans; Bennett, Rachel (BioMed Central, 2018)
    Abstract Background The mortality rate of horses undergoing general anaesthesia is high when compared to humans or small animal patients. One of the most critical periods during equine anaesthesia is recovery, as the horse attempts to regain a standing position. This study was performed in a private equine practice in Belgium that uses a purpose-designed one-man (head and tail) rope recovery system to assist the horse during the standing process. The main purpose of the retrospective study was to report and analyse complications and the mortality rate in horses during recovery from anaesthesia using the described recovery system. Information retrieved from the medical records included patient signalment, anaesthetic protocol, duration of anaesthesia, ASA grade, type of surgery, recovery time and complications during recovery. Sedation was administered to all horses prior to recovery with the rope system. Complications were divided into major complications in which the horse was euthanized and minor complications where the horse survived. Major complications were further subdivided into those where the rope system did not contribute to the recovery complication (Group 1) and those where it was not possible to determine if the rope system was of any benefit (Group 2). Results Five thousand eight hundred fifty two horses recovered from general anaesthesia with rope assistance. Complications were identified in 30 (0.51%). Major complications occurred in 12 horses (0.20%) of which three (0.05%) were assigned to Group 1 and nine (0.15%) to Group 2. Three horses in Group 2 suffered musculoskeletal injuries (0.05%). Eighteen horses (0.31%) suffered minor complications, of which five (0.08%) were categorised as failures of the recovery system. Conclusions This study reports the major and minor complication and mortality rate during recovery from anaesthesia using a specific type of rope recovery system. Mortality associated with the rope recovery system was low. During recovery from anaesthesia this rope system may reduce the risk of lethal complications, particularly major orthopaedic injuries.
  • Kostiainen, Iiro; Hakaste, Liisa; Kejo, Pekka; Parviainen, Helka; Laine, Tiina; Löyttyniemi, Eliisa; Pennanen, Mirkka; Arola, Johanna; Haglund, Caj; Heiskanen, Ilkka; Schalin-Jäntti, Camilla (2019)
    BackgroundAdrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare endocrine carcinoma with poor 5-year survival rates of20 Hounsfield Units (HU) for all tumours (median 34 (21-45)), median size 92mm (20-196), Ki67 17% (1-40%), Weiss score 7 (4-9) and Helsinki score 24 (4-48). ACC was more often found in the left than the right adrenal (p5 to>10 years was achieved after repeated surgery of metastases. Overall 5-year survival was 67%, and 96% vs. 26% for ENSAT stage I-II vs. III-IV (p20 on nonenhanced CT but variable tumour size (20-196mm). Malignancy cannot be ruled out by small tumour size only. The 5-year survival of 96% in ENSAT stage I-III compares favourably to previous studies.
  • Kurkela, Olli; Forma, Leena; Ilanne-Parikka, Pirjo; Nevalainen, Jaakko; Rissanen, Pekka (2021)
    Aims/hypothesis Diabetes and diabetes complications are a cause of substantial morbidity, resulting in early exits from the labour force and lost productivity. The aim of this study was to examine differences in early exits between people with type 1 and 2 diabetes and to assess the role of chronic diabetes complications on early exit. We also estimated the economic burden of lost productivity due to early exits. Methods People of working age (age 17-64) with diabetes in 1998-2011 in Finland were detected using national registers (N-type 1 = 45,756, N-type 2 = 299,931). For the open cohort, data on pensions and deaths, healthcare usage, medications and basic demographics were collected from the registers. The outcome of the study was early exit from the labour force defined as pension other than old age pension beginning before age 65, or death before age 65. We analysed the early exit outcome and its risk factors using the Kaplan-Meier method and extended Cox regression models. We fitted linear regression models to investigate the risk factors of lost working years and productivity costs among people with early exit. Results The difference in median age at early exit from the labour force between type 1 (54.0) and type 2 (58.3) diabetes groups was 4.3 years. The risk of early exit among people with type 1 diabetes increased faster after age 40 compared with people with type 2 diabetes. Each of the diabetes complications was associated with an increase in the hazard of early exit regardless of diabetes type compared with people without the complication, with eye-related complications as an exception. Diabetes complications partly but not completely explained the difference between diabetes types. The mean lost working years was 6.0 years greater in the type 1 diabetes group than in the type 2 diabetes group among people with early exit. Mean productivity costs of people with type 1 diabetes and early exit were found to be 1.4-fold greater compared with people with type 2 diabetes. The total productivity costs of incidences of early exits in the type 2 diabetes group were notably higher compared with the type 1 group during the time period (euro14,400 million, euro2800 million). Conclusions/interpretation We found a marked difference in the patterns of risk of early exit between people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The difference was largest close to statutory retirement age. On average, exits in the type 1 diabetes group occurred at an earlier age and resulted in higher mean lost working years and mean productivity costs. The potential of prevention, timely diagnosis and management of diabetes is substantial in terms of avoiding reductions in individual well-being and productivity.
  • Jacob, Louis; Weber, Katherina; Sechet, Ingeborg; Macharey, Georg; Kostev, Karel; Ziller, Volker (2016)
    To analyze the impact of caesarean section (CS) on fertility and time to pregnancy in German gynecological practices. Women initially diagnosed for the first time with a vaginal delivery (VD) or CS between 2000 and 2013 were identified by 227 gynecologists in the IMS Disease Analyzer database. They were included if they were aged between 16 and 40 years, and were not previously diagnosed with female sterility. The two main outcomes were the first-time diagnosis of female sterility and the time between the first delivery and the next pregnancy within 10 years. A multivariate Cox regression model was used to predict these outcomes on the basis of patient characteristics. 6483 patients were included in the CS group and 6483 in the VD group. Mean age was 30.6 years and the proportion of individuals with private health insurance amounted to 9.0 %. Within 10 years of the index date, 19.5 % of women who delivered by CS and 18.3 % of women who delivered vaginally were diagnosed with sterility (p value = 0.0148). CS and polycystic ovary syndrome significantly increased the risk of sterility. Within 10 years of the index date, 57.9 % of women who underwent a CS and 64.0 % of women who delivered vaginally were pregnant for the second time (p value <0.001). CS, polycystic ovary syndrome, and the deterioration of menstrual cycle significantly decreased the chance of becoming pregnant a second time. CS is associated with an increased risk of sterility and a decreased number of subsequent pregnancies in Germany.
  • Carpelan, A.; Kauhanen, S. (2016)
    Background and aims: Reduction mammaplasties are increasingly performed as outpatient procedures. Cost savings are assumed, but published data on the subject are scarce. The aim of this study was to retrospectively determine the possible cost savings achieved by performing reduction mammaplasties as outpatient procedures. Material and methods: Reduction mammaplasty was performed for 90 outpatients and 44 inpatients, with comparable health status. Demographic, surgical, and complication data were collected retrospectively. Data on the costs of the entire treatment process were acquired and statistical analyses performed. Results: The average total cost of the process was 5039(sic)for inpatients and 4114(sic)for outpatients. Thus, the total costs were 925(sic) (18%) lower for the outpatient procedures. On average, cost saving per patient was 294(sic) (43%) onward expenditures. Higher ward expenditure was a statistically significant cause of the increased cost of the inpatient group on uni- and multivariable analyses; however, for total costs, the effects of complications and reoperations were significant. Conclusions: Reduction mammaplasty performed as an outpatient procedure results in up to 18% cost savings compared with inpatient treatment. (C) 2016 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Kainulainen, S.; Tornwall, J.; Koivusalo, A. M.; Suominen, A. L.; Lassus, Patrik (2017)
    Objectives: Glucocorticoids are widely used in association with major surgery of the head and neck to improve postoperative rehabilitation, shorten intensive care unit and hospital stay, and reduce neck swelling. This study aimed to clarify whether peri-and postoperative use of dexamethasone in reconstructive head and neck cancer surgery is associated with any advantages or disadvantages. Materials and methods: This prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial comprised 93 patients. A total dose of 60 mg of dexamethasone was administered to 51 patients over three days peri-and post-operatively. The remaining 42 patients served as controls. The main primary outcome variables were neck swelling, length of intensive care unit and hospital stay, duration of intubation or tracheostomy, and delay to start of possible radiotherapy. Complications were also recorded. Results: No statistical differences emerged between the two groups in any of the main primary outcome variables. However, there were more major complications, especially infections, needing secondary surgery within three weeks of the operation in patients receiving dexamethasone than in control patients (27% vs. 7%, p = 0.012). Conclusions: The use of dexamethasone in oral cancer patients with microvascular reconstruction did not provide a benefit. More major complications, especially infections, occurred in patients receiving dexamethasone. Our data thus do not support the use of peri-and postoperative dexamethasone in oropharyngeal cancer patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Ahola, Aila J.; Freese, Riitta; Mäkimattila, Sari; Forsblom, Carol; Groop, Per-Henrik; FinnDiane Study Grp (2016)
    Aims: Diet plays an important role in the management of type 1 diabetes. However, the association between dietary intake and health has not been extensively studied in this population. We studied the cross-sectional association between dietary factors, and selected vascular health markers and complications in type 1 diabetes. Methods: Data from 874 individuals with type 1 diabetes participating in the FinnDiane Study were included. Dietary intake was assessed using a self-reported questionnaire and a diet score, expressing the extent to which individuals adhered to the dietary recommendations, was calculated. Diet questionnaire was also used to reveal dietary patterns using factor analysis. Results: Seven factors with high degree of inter-correlation were formed; healthy, traditional, vegetable, sweets, modern, low-fat cheese, and fish and eggs. In multivariate models, higher diet score and healthy factor score were associated with better glycaemic control. Higher diet score was associated with higher, while sweets, and fish and eggs patterns were associated with lower systolic blood pressure. Healthy, sweets, and fish and eggs factors were additionally associated with lower diastolic blood pressure. Conclusions: Closer adherence to the dietary recommendations, and a diet high in fresh vegetables, fruits and berries, cooked vegetables, fish dishes, and yoghurt may be beneficial for the glycaemic control in type 1 diabetes. Moreover, a diet pattern with fish and eggs may have beneficial effects for blood pressure. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • Boom, V.; Anton, J.; Lahdenne, P.; Quartier, P.; Ravelli, A.; Wulffraat, N. M.; Vastert, S. J. (2015)
    Background: Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a severe and potentially lethal complication of several inflammatory diseases but seems particularly linked to systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA). Standardized diagnostic and treatment guidelines for MAS in sJIA are currently lacking. The aim of this systematic literature review was to evaluate currently available literature on diagnostic criteria for MAS in sJIA and provide an overview of possible biomarkers for diagnosis, disease activity and treatment response and recent advances in treatment. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane. 495 papers were identified. Potentially relevant papers were selected by 3 authors after which full text screening was performed. All selected papers were evaluated by at least two independent experts for validity and level of evidence according to EULAR guidelines. Results: 27 papers were included: 7 on diagnosis, 9 on biomarkers and 11 on treatment. Systematic review of the literature confirmed that there are no validated diagnostic criteria for MAS in sJIA. The preliminary Ravelli criteria, with the addition of ferritin, performed well in a large retrospective case-control study. Recently, an international consortium lead by PRINTO proposed a new set of diagnostic criteria able to distinguish MAS from active sJIA and/or infection with superior performance. Other promising diagnostic biomarkers potentially distinguish MAS complicating sJIA from primary and virusassociated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. The highest level of evidence for treatment comes from case-series. High dose corticosteroids with or without cyclosporine A were frequently reported as first-line therapy. From the newer treatment modalities, promising responses have been reported with anakinra. Conclusion: MAS in sJIA seems to be diagnosed best by the recently proposed PRINTO criteria, although prospective validation is needed. Novel promising biomarkers for sJIA related MAS are in need of prospective validation as well, and are not widely available yet. Currently, treatment of MAS in sJIA relies more on experience than evidence based medicine. Taking into account the severity of MAS and the scarcity of evidence, early expert consultation is recommended as soon as MAS is suspected.
  • ESPN Dialysis Working Grp (2019)
    BackgroundChildren with congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) commonly develop end stage renal failure in infancy and require dialysis, but little is known about the complications and outcomes of dialysis in these children.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective case note review across members of the European Society for Pediatric Nephrology Dialysis Working Group to evaluate dialysis management, complications of dialysis, and outcomes in children with CNS.ResultsEighty children (50% male) with CNS were identified form 17 centers over a 6-year period. Chronic dialysis was started in 44 (55%) children at a median age of 8 (interquartile range 4-14) months. Of these, 17 (39%) were on dialysis by the age of 6months, 30 (68%) by 1year, and 40 (91%) by 2years. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) was the modality of choice in 93%, but 34% switched to hemodialysis (HD), largely due to catheter malfunction (n=5) or peritonitis (n=4). The peritonitis rate was 0.77 per patient-year. Weight and height SDS remained static after 6months on dialysis. In the overall cohort, at final follow-up, 29 children were transplanted, 18 were still on dialysis (15 PD, 3 HD), 19 were in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD), and there were 14 deaths (8 on dialysis). Median time on chronic dialysis until transplantation was 9 (6-18) months, and the median age at transplantation was 22 (14-28) months.ConclusionsInfants with CNS on dialysis have a comparable mortality, peritonitis rate, growth, and time to transplantation as infants with other primary renal diseases reported in international registry data.
  • 2015 European Soc Coloproctology; Kössi, Jyrki (2019)
    BACKGROUND Right hemicolectomy or ileocecal resection are used to treat benign conditions like Crohn's disease (CD) and malignant ones like colon cancer (CC). AIM To investigate differences in pre- and peri-operative factors and their impact on post-operative outcome in patients with CC and CD. METHODS This is a sub-group analysis of the European Society of Coloproctology's prospective, multi-centre snapshot audit. Adult patients with CC and CD undergoing right hemicolectomy or ileocecal resection were included. Primary outcome measure was 30-d post-operative complications. Secondary outcome measures were post-operative length of stay (LOS) at and readmission. RESULTS Three hundred and seventy-five patients with CD and 2,515 patients with CC were included. Patients with CD were younger (median = 37 years for CD and 71 years for CC (P <0.01), had lower American Society of Anesthesiology score (ASA) grade (P <0.01) and less comorbidity (P <0.01), but were more likely to be current smokers (P <0.01). Patients with CD were more frequently operated on by colorectal surgeons (P <0.01) and frequently underwent ileocecal resection (P <0.01) with higher rate of de-functioning/primary stoma construction (P <0.01). Thirty-day post-operative mortality occurred exclusively in the CC group (66/2515, 2.3%). In multivariate analyses, the risk of post-operative complications was similar in the two groups (OR 0.80, 95%CI: 0.54-1.17; P = 0.25). Patients with CD had a significantly longer LOS (Geometric mean 0.87, 95%CI: 0.79-0.95; P <0.01). There was no difference in re-admission rates. The audit did not collect data on post-operative enhanced recovery protocols that are implemented in the different participating centers. CONCLUSION Patients with CD were younger, with lower ASA grade, less comorbidity, operated on by experienced surgeons and underwent less radical resection but had a longer LOS than patients with CC although complication's rate was not different between the two groups.
  • Altman, Daniel; Mikkola, Tomi S.; Bek, Karl Moller; Rahkola-Soisalo, Paivi; Gunnarsson, Jonas; Engh, Marie Ellstrom; Falconer, Christian; Nordic TVM Grp (2016)
    The objective was to assess safety and clinical outcomes in women operated on using the Uphold (TM) Lite Vaginal Support System. We carried out a 1-year, multicenter, prospective, single cohort study of 207 women with symptomatic Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) stage aeyen2 apical pelvic organ prolapse, with or without concomitant anterior vaginal wall prolapse. Safety data were collected using a standardized questionnaire. Anatomical outcome was assessed by the POP-Q and subjective outcomes by the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory after 2 months and 1 year using a one-way repeated measures analysis of variance. Pain was evaluated using a visual analog scale. The overall rate of serious complications was 4.3 % (9 out of 207 patients), including 3 patients with bladder perforations, 1 with bleeding > 1,000 ml, 2 who had undergone re-operations with complete mesh removal because of pain, and 3 surgical interventions during follow-up because of mesh exposure. POP-Q stage aecurrency sign1 after 1 year was 94 % and subjective symptom relief was reported by 91 % of patients (p <0.001). Pain after 2 months and 1 year was 60 % lower compared with the preoperative mean (p <0.001). Minor complications occurred in 20 women (9.7 %) and were dominated by lower urinary tract dysfunction. No predisposing risk factors for complications were found. The Uphold (TM) Lite procedure in women with apical pelvic organ prolapse provided satisfactory restoration of vaginal topography and symptom relief. However, serious complication rates were largely comparable with those of other transvaginal mesh kits.
  • Ruohoalho, Johanna; Aro, Katri; Makitie, Antti A.; Atula, Timo; Haapaniemi, Aaro; Keski-Santti, Harri; Kylanpaa, Leena; Takala, Annika; Back, Leif J. (2017)
    Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is often the treatment of choice in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients needing long-term nutritional support. Prospective studies on PEG tube placement in an otorhinolaryngologist service are lacking. At our hospital, otolaryngologist-head and neck (ORL-HN) surgeons-have performed PEG insertions for HNC patients since 2008. We prospectively analyzed 127 consecutive HNC patients who received their PEG tubes at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery, and evaluated the outcome of PEG tube insertions performed by ORL-HN surgeons. To compare time delays before and after, PEG placement service was transferred from gastrointestinal surgeons to ORL-HN surgeons, and we retrospectively analyzed a separate group of 110 HNC patients who had earlier received PEG tubes at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery. ORL-HN surgeons' success rate in PEG insertion was 97.6%, leading to a final prospective study group of 124 patients. Major complications occurred in four (3.2%): two buried bumper syndromes, one subcutaneous hemorrhage leading to an abscess in the abdominal wall, and one metastasis at the PEG site. The most common minor complication was peristomal granulomatous tissue affecting 23 (18.5%) patients. After the change in practice, median time delay before PEG insertion decreased from 13 to 10 days (P <0.005). The proportion of early PEG placements within 0-3 days increased from 3.6 to 14.6% (P <0.005). PEG tube insertion seems to be a safe procedure in the hands of an ORL-HN surgeon. Independence from gastrointestinal surgeons' services reduced the time delay and improved the availability of urgent PEG insertions.
  • Vasara, Henri; Halonen, Lauri; Stenroos, Antti; Kosola, Jussi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Suomessa operoidaan noin 2000 pertrokanteerista lonkkamurtumaa vuosittain. Nämä murtumat kuormittavat huomattavasti terveydenhuoltojärjestelmää ja murtuman saaneita yksilöitä. Nykyisten suositusten mukaan lonkkamurtuman luutumista tulisi seurata kuuden viikon välein otetuilla röntgenkuvilla, kunnes luutuminen on tapahtunut. Murtumien rutiininomaista seurantaa on kuitenkin kyseenalaistettu useammassa eri murtumatyypissä. Tämän tutkimuksen tarkoitus on selvittää, onko intramedullaarisesti korjattujen pertrokanteeristen murtumien rutiininomaisesta seurannasta hyötyä. Analysoimme retrospektiivisesti kaikki 995 Töölön sairaalassa vuosina 2011-2016 intramedullaarisesti operoidut pertrokanteeriset murtumat. Potilaita seurattiin potilastietojärjestelmistä minimissään kaksi vuotta tai kuolemaan asti. Kaikki operaation jälkeiset lonkkamurtumaan liittyvät suunnitellut ja suunnittelemattomat käynnit analysoitiin. Aineiston potilaiden keski-ikä oli 81 vuotta ja heistä 67 % oli naisia. Potilaiden kolmen kuukauden kuolleisuus oli 14 % ja kahden vuoden 35 %. Kaikkiaan 9 potilaalla (0,9 %) suunniteltu seurantakäynti johti muutokseen potilaan hoitolinjassa. Näistä 6 johtui mekaanisista komplikaatioista, 2 murtuman luutumattomuudesta ja 1 periproteettisesta murtumasta. 64 potilaalla (6,4 %) tehtiin hoitolinjan muutos suunnittelemattoman käynnin takia. Näiden potilaiden käynneistä 28 johtui infektiosta, 15 mekaanisesta komplikaatiosta, 14 periproteettista murtumasta, 6 painehaavasta ja 1 avaskulaarisesta nekroosista. Rutiininomaiset seurantakäynnit ovat rasite sekä terveydenhuoltojärjestelmälle että potilaille. Lonkkamurtumapotilaat ovat keskimäärin huonokuntoisia ja seurantakäynneille saapuminen vaatii usein erityisjärjestelyjä. Silti alle 1 % suunnitelluista seurantakäynneistä johtaa muutoksiin hoitolinjassa. Ehdotuksemme on antaa potilaille ja kuntoutuslaitoksille kattavat ohjeet hoitoon hakeutumisesta rutiininomaisen seurannan sijaan.
  • Haeren, Roel H. L.; Rautalin, Ilari; Schwartz, Christoph; Korja, Miikka; Niemelä, Mika (2021)
    Purpose Surgical resection of intracranial meningiomas in patients that are 80 years old and older, i.e. very old patients, is increasingly considered. Meningiomas with a largest diameter of at least 5 cm-'giant meningiomas'-form a distinct entity, and their surgical resection is considered more difficult and prone to complications. Here, we evaluated functional outcome, morbidity and mortality, and the prognostic value of tumor size in very old patients who underwent resection of giant supratentorial meningiomas. Methods We retrospectively reviewed clinical and radiological data, functional performance (Karnofsky Performance Score), histopathological diagnosis and complications of very old patients who underwent surgery of a supratentorial meningioma at the Helsinki University Hospital between 2010 and 2018. Results We identified 76 very old patients, including 28 with a giant meningioma. Patients with a giant meningioma suffered from major complications more commonly than those with a non-giant meningioma (36% vs. 17%, p = 0.06), particularly from postoperative intracranial hemorrhages (ICH). At the 1-year follow-up, functional performance and mortality rate were comparable between patients with giant meningiomas and those with non-giant meningiomas. An exceptionally high rate of giant meningiomas were diagnosed as atypical meningiomas (WHO II) at an (11 out of 28 cases). Conclusions Giant meningioma surgery entails a high complication rate in frail, very old patients. The prevention of postoperative ICH in this specific patient group is of utmost importance. An atypical histopathology was notably frequent among very old patients with a giant meningioma, which should be taken into account when planning the surgical strategy.
  • Wilkman, Tommy; Tornwall, Jyrki; Vuola, Jyrki; Lassus, Patrik (2016)
    Introduction: The free scapular chimeric flap is a less common choice for facial reconstruction. This study aimed to evaluate the versatility and safety of the flap, the procedure for a two-team approach, the safety of the osteotomies, the possibility of dental implants and donor-site sequelae and complications. Patient and methods: We analysed 34 consecutive patients with oral cancer undergoing large resections in the maxillofacial region as well as scapular chimeric free flap reconstruction. We performed 26 mandibular, six maxillary and two orbital reconstructions using a two-team approach, mainly without repositioning the patient. Results: No flaps were lost. Three patients with a scapular bone and fasciocutaneous flap developed a post-operative fistula, whereas no fistulas developed when the flaps included a muscular component. All osteotomies showed confirmed osseal consolidation. Seven patients received a total of 23 dental implants for oral rehabilitation; no implants were lost. Conclusions: The scapular flap is reliable and contains sufficient bone to tolerate both multiple osteotomies and osseointegrated dental implants. The flap can be harvested in a slightly tilted decubital position, thus shortening the theatre time. The use of a separate muscle around the scapular bone in mandibular reconstruction is associated with a lower risk of oral fistulas. (C) 2016 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.