Browsing by Subject "Coniferous"

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  • Purhonen, Jenna; Ovaskainen, Otso; Halme, Panu; Komonen, Atte; Huhtinen, Seppo; Kotiranta, Heikki; Laessoe, Thomas; Abrego, Nerea (2020)
    Tree species is one of the most important determinants of wood-inhabiting fungal community composition, yet its relationship with fungal reproductive and dispersal traits remains poorly understood. We studied fungal communities (total of 657 species) inhabiting broadleaved and coniferous dead wood (total of 192 logs) in 12 semi-natural boreal forests. We utilized a trait-based hierarchical joint species distribution model to examine how the relationship between dead wood quality and species occurrence correlates with reproductive and dispersal morphological traits. Broadleaved trees had higher species richness than conifers, due to discomycetoids and pyrenomycetoids specializing in them. Resupinate and pileate species were generally specialized in coniferous dead wood. Fungi inhabiting broadleaved trees had larger and more elongated spores than fungi in conifers. Spore size was larger and spore shape more spherical in species occupying large dead wood units. These results indicate the selective effect of dead wood quality, visible not only in species diversity, but also in reproductive and dispersal traits. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd and British Mycological Society. All rights reserved.
  • Rautiainen, Miina; Stenberg, Pauline (2015)
    The angular profiles of canopy gap fraction curves are influenced by canopy structure, and are commonly expected to vary with stand- and crown-level variables such as tree pattern, crown shape and leaf orientation. In this study, measurements of canopy structure, gap fractions and effective LA! in 986 plots of Scots pine, Norway spruce and Silver birch stands in Finland were used to assess how similar the angular canopy gap fraction profiles are for common boreal tree species. The profiles were characterized with help of the shape function psi(theta), defined as the normalized value of the canopy light extinction coefficient at zenith angle (theta). Variation in psi(theta) would be induced not only by a non-spherical leaf orientation, but also by differences in the directional clumping indices, such as could result from species-specific differences in crown shape. Our results showed that there is wide variation in the shape of psi in the individual plots of the three different species. The species-specific mean curves psi(theta), however, showed relatively small variation with theta, except for a sudden drop at large zenith angles, and the shape of the curves was similar for the different tree species. Results indicate that differences in crown shape of the study species do not significantly affect the angular profiles of canopy gap fraction. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.