# Browsing by Subject "D-bar method"

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• (2017)
In electrical impedance tomography (EIT) one wants to image the conductivity distribution of a body from current and voltage measurements carried out on its boundary. In this paper we consider the underlying mathematical model, the inverse conductivity problem, in two dimensions and under the realistic assumption that only a part of the boundary is accessible to measurements. In this framework our data are modeled as a partial Neumann-to-Dirichlet map (ND map). We compare this data to the full-boundary ND map and prove that the error depends linearly on the size of the missing part of the boundary. The same linear dependence is further proved for the difference of the reconstructed conductivities-from partial and full boundary data. The reconstruction is based on a truncated and linearized D-bar method. Auxiliary results include an extrapolation method to estimate the full-boundary data from the measured one, an approximation of the complex geometrical optics solutions computed directly from the ND map as well as an approximate scattering transform for reconstructing the conductivity. Numerical verification of the convergence results and reconstructions are presented for simulated test cases.
• (2017)
The D-bar method at negative energy is numerically implemented. Using the method, we are able to numerically reconstruct potentials and investigate exceptional points at negative energy. Subsequently, applying the method to diffuse optical tomography, a new way of reconstructing the diffusion coefficient from the associated Complex Geometrics Optics solution is suggested and numerically validated.
• (2020)
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is an imaging modality where a patient or object is probed using harmless electric currents. The currents are fed through electrodes placed on the surface of the target, and the data consists of voltages measured at the electrodes resulting from a linearly independent set of current injection patterns. EIT aims to recover the internal distribution of electrical conductivity inside the target. The inverse problem underlying the EIT image formation task is nonlinear and severely ill-posed, and hence sensitive to modeling errors and measurement noise. Therefore, the inversion process needs to be regularized. However, traditional variational regularization methods, based on optimization, often suffer from local minima because of nonlinearity. This is what makes regularized direct (non-iterative) methods attractive for EIT. The most developed direct EIT algorithm is the D-bar method, based on complex geometric optics solutions and a nonlinear Fourier transform. Variants and recent developments of D-bar methods are reviewed, and their practical numerical implementation is explained.