Browsing by Subject "DECREASES"

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  • Turunen, A.; Kuuliala, K.; Kuuliala, A.; Tervahartiala, T.; Mustonen, H.; Puolakkainen, P.; Kylänpää, A. L.; Sorsa, T. (2021)
    Objectives: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) has high morbidity and mortality but there are no widely accepted predictive biomarkers in clinical use. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are active in tissue destruction and inflammatory responses. We studied whether serum levels of activated MMP-8 (aMMP8), MMP-9 and their regulators tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and human neutrophil elastase (HNE) could predict the development of SAP. Methods: The study comprised 214 AP patients (revised Atlanta classification: 142 mild, MAP; 54 moderately severe, MSAP; 18 SAP) referred to Helsinki University Hospital. A venous blood sample was taken within 72 h from the onset of symptoms. Serum levels of aMMP-8 were determined using immunofluorometric assay, and those of MMP-9, TIMP-1, MPO and HNE using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. AP groups were compared using Jonckheere-Terpstra test and predictive value for SAP was analyzed using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. Results: Serum aMMP-8 levels were higher in SAP (median 657 ng/ml, interquartile range 542-738 ng/ ml) compared to MSAP (358 ng/ml, 175-564 ng/ml; p < 0.001) and MAP (231 ng/ml, 128-507 ng/ml; p < 0.001). Similar trend was seen with TIMP-1 and MPO. In ROC analysis aMMP-8, MPO and TIMP-1 emerged as potential markers for the development of SAP (areas under ROC curves 0.83, 0.71 and 0.69, respectively). Conclusions: Serum aMMP-8 measured early in the course of AP (within 72 h of symptom onset) predicted the development of SAP. (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of IAP and EPC. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
  • Celikkayalar, Ercan; Airaksinen, Marja; Kivelä, Sirkka-Liisa; Nieminen, Jenni; Kleme, Jenni; Puustinen, Juha (2021)
    Purpose: The use of benzodiazepines and related drugs (BZD) is common among older adults although there is growing evidence of their harmful effects. This study investigated how well older people are aware of the potential risks related to the BZD they are taking and whether the risk awareness has changed in the years between 2004 and 2015. Patients and Methods: The data were collected by interviewing BZD using home-dwelling patients aged >= 65 years with normal cognitive function (MMSE >= 20) who were admitted to the hospital within a 1 month study period in the years 2004 and 2015. Patients were asked whether they were aware of the ten main potential risks related to BZD use. A risk awareness score (range 0-10) was assessed for each patient, each known potential risk yielding one point. Results: The study included 37 patients in 2004 and 31 patients in 2015. In 2004,6/37 patients (16%), while 16/31 patients (52%) in 2015 had risk awareness scores between 6 and 10. Awareness of dependence (p=0.047), interaction with alcohol (p=0.001), dizziness (p=0.002) and developing tolerance (p=0.002) had improved, while awareness of the other potential risks remained unchanged, muscle weakness being the least known (3/37 in 2004 and 4/31 in 2015 were aware of it as a potential risk). Regular BZD use had declined (p=0.043) but pro re nata (PRN; when required) BZD use had increased (p=0.003) between the years 2004 and 2015. Conclusion: Older BZD users' awareness of some potential risks related to BZD use (dependence, interaction with alcohol, dizziness and developing tolerance) had improved between 2004 and 2015, while awareness of other potential risks remained unchanged.