Browsing by Subject "DIAGNOSTIC-TOOL"

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  • Luukkainen, Veera; Kivekäs, Ilkka; Silvola, Juha; Jero, Jussi; Sinkkonen, Saku T. (2018)
    Balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) aims to improve the function of the Eustachian tube (ET). The objective of this study was to review the long-term outcome of BET and present the process and results of outlining indications for BET by the Finnish Otosurgical Society. The literature review is based on a database search performed in May 2017. The search resulted in 100 individual articles, which were screened for relevance. Five articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria (follow-up >= 12 months). Five additional articles (follow-up, 6-11 months) were analyzed to obtain supportive information. The proposed BET indications were constituted in the 2016 annual meeting of the Finnish Otosurgical Society. The workshop included a review of the Eustachian tube physiology, middle ear aeration mechanisms, and BET outcome studies. Thereafter, the members of the Society first voted and then discussed 14 cases in order to conclude whether BET was indicated in each case, and subsequently, a consensus statement on the indications for BET was outlined. The long-term follow-up studies were heterogeneous regarding the Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) definition, patient selection, follow-up duration, additional treatments, and outcome measures. The current, but limited, evidence suggests that BET is effective in the long-term. However, more long-term studies with uniform criteria and outcome measures as well as placebo-controlled studies are needed. The proposed indications for BET by the Finnish Otosurgical Society include chronic bothersome symptoms referring to ETD, ETD-related symptoms when pressure changes rapidly, or recurring serous otitis media. With the current evidence, we suggest treating only adults with BET.
  • Luukkainen, Veera; Vnencak, Matej; Aarnisalo, Antti A.; Jero, Jussi; Sinkkonen, Saku T. (2018)
    Object: To investigate the long-term effects of balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) from patient's perspective and to discover which symptoms of Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) benefit the most from BET. Method: We designed a retrospective postal questionnaire based on the seven-item ETD questionnaire (ETDQ-7). Our questionnaire covered the severity of present ETD symptoms in comparison with the preoperative situation, the severity of current overall ear symptoms, and possible surgical interventions after BET. Forty-six patients treated in our institution between 2011 and 2013 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and 74% (34 patients; total 52 ears treated with BET) returned the questionnaire with a mean follow-up time of 3.1 years (range 1.8-4.6 years). Results: Pain in the ears, feeling of pressure in the ears, and feeling that ears are clogged had reduced in 75% of the ears that suffered from these symptoms preoperatively. Seventy-seven percent of all the responders felt that their overall ear symptoms were reduced. Altogether, 82% of all the patients stated that they would undergo BET again if their ear symptoms returned to the preoperative level. Conclusion: Patient satisfaction in the long-term effects of BET is encouraging. These results may help clinicians in preoperative patient selection and counselling.
  • Wiklund, E.; Koskinen, Seppo Kalervo; Linder, F.; Aslund, P-E; Eklof, H. (2016)
    Background: Whole body computed tomography in trauma (WBCTT) is a standardized CT examination of trauma patients. It has a relatively high radiation dose. Therefore, well-defined clinical indications and imaging protocols are needed. This information regarding Nordic countries is limited. Purpose: To identify Nordic countries' WBCTT imaging protocols, radiation dose, and integration in trauma care, and to inquire about the need for common Nordic guidelines. Material and Methods: A survey with 23 multiple choice questions or free text responses was sent to 95 hospitals and 10 trauma centers in and outside the Nordic region, respectively. The questions were defined and the hospitals selected in collaboration with board members of "Nordic Forum for Trauma and Emergency Radiology" ( Results: Two Nordic hospitals declined to take part in the survey. Out of the remaining 93 Nordic hospitals, 56 completed the questionnaire. Arterial visualization is routine in major trauma centers but only in 50% of the Nordic hospitals. The CT scanner is located within 50 m of the emergency department in all non-Nordic trauma centers but only in 60% of Nordic hospitals. Radiation dose for WBCTT is in the range of 900-3600 mGy x cm. Of the 56 responding Nordic hospitals, 84% have official guidelines for WBCTT. Eighty-nine percent of the responders state there is a need for common guidelines. Conclusion: Scanning protocols, radiation doses, and routines differ significantly between hospitals and trauma centers. Guideline for WBCTT is presently defined locally in most Nordic hospitals. There is an interest in most Nordic hospitals to endorse new and common guidelines for WBCTT.