Browsing by Subject "DORSAL-HORN"

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  • Wei, Hong; Wu, Hai-Yun; Chen, Zuyue; Ma, Ai-Niu; Mao, Xiao-Fang; Li, Teng-Fei; Li, Xin-Yan; Wang, Yong-Xiang; Pertovaara, Antti (2016)
    Spinal transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel is associated with various pain hypersensitivity conditions. Spinally, TRPA1 is expressed by central terminals of nociceptive nerve fibers and astrocytes. Among potential endogenous agonists of TRPA1 is H2O2 generated by D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) in astrocytes. Here we studied whether prolonged block of the spinal TRPA1 or astrocytes starting at time of injury attenuates development and/or maintenance of neuropathic hypersensitivity. Additionally, TRPA1 and DAAO mRNA were determined in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal dorsal horn (SDH). Experiments were performed in rats with spared nerve injury (SNI) and chronic intrathecal catheter. Drugs were administered twice daily for the first seven injury days or only once seven days after injury. Mechanical hypersensitivity was assessed with monofilaments. Acute and prolonged treatment with Chembridge-5861528 (a TRPA1 antagonist), carbenoxolone (an inhibitor of activated astrocytes), or gabapentin (a comparison drug) attenuated tactile allodynia-like responses evoked by low (2 g) stimulus. However, antihypersensitivity effect of these compounds was short of significance at a high (15 g) stimulus intensity. No preemptive effects were observed. In healthy controls, carbenoxolone failed to prevent hypersensitivity induced by spinal cinnamaldehyde, a TRPA1 agonist TRPA1 and DAAO mRNA in the DRG but not SDH were slightly increased in SNI, independent of drug treatment The results indicate that prolonged peri-injury block of spinal TRPA1 or inhibition of spinal astrocyte activation attenuates maintenance but not development of mechanical (tactile allodynia-like) hypersensitivity after nerve injury. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Wei, Hong; Chen, Zuyue; Lei, Jing; You, Hao-Jun; Pertovaara, Antti (2022)
    Here we studied spinal neurotransmitter mechanisms involved in the reduction of mechanical hypersensitivity by inhibition of the amygdaloid central nucleus (CeA) in male and female rats with spared nerve injury (SNI) model of neuropathy. SNI induced mechanical hypersensitivity that was stronger in females. Reversible blocking of the CeA with muscimol (GABAA receptor agonist) induced a reduction of mechanical hypersensitivity that did not differ between males and females. Following spinal co-administration of atipamezole (alpha 2-adrenoceptor antago-nist), the reduction of mechanical hypersensitivity by CeA muscimol was attenuated more in males than females. In contrast, following spinal co-administration of raclopride (dopamine D2 receptor antagonist) the reduction of hypersensitivity by CeA muscimol was attenuated more in females than males. The reduction of mechanical hypersensitivity by CeA muscimol was equally attenuated in males and females by spinal co-administration of WAY-100635 (5-HT1A receptor antagonist) or bicuculline (GABAA receptor antagonist). The CeA muscimol induced attenuation of ongoing pain-like behavior (conditioned place preference test) that was reversed by spinal co-administration of atipamezole in both sexes. The results support the hypothesis that CeA contributes to me-chanical hypersensitivity and ongoing pain-like behavior in SNI males and females. Disinhibition of descending controls acting on spinal alpha 2-adrenoceptors, 5-HT1A, dopamine D2 and GABAA receptors provides a plausible explanation for the reduction of mechanical hypersensitivity by CeA block in SNI. The involvement of spinal dopamine D2 receptors and alpha 2-adrenoceptors in the CeA muscimol-induced reduction of mechanical hypersen-sitivity is sexually dimorphic, unlike that of spinal alpha 2-adrenoceptors in the reduction of ongoing neuropathic pain.