Browsing by Subject "Diagnostic radiology"

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  • Granata, Claudio; Sorantin, Erich; Seuri, Raija; Owens, Catherine M. (2018)
    The recent European Council Directive 2013/59/EURATOM requires the establishment of diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) to optimise radiation dose in diagnostic and interventional radiology procedures. At the time this directive was enacted, just a few European countries had already set paediatric DRLs and many of these were outdated. For this reason, the European Commission launched a project addressing European Guidelines on Diagnostic Reference Levels for Paediatric Imaging that was awarded to a consortium led by the European Society of Radiology with the collaboration of the European Society of Paediatric Radiology and other European stakeholders involved in the radiation protection of children. The main aims of this project were to establish European DRLs to be used by countries without their own national paediatric DRLs and to provide a consistent method to establish new DRLs in the future. These European guidelines have been very recently endorsed by the European Commission and published in issue N degrees 185 of the Radiation Protection series. The purpose of this article is to introduce these guidelines to the wide community of paediatric radiologists.
  • Vitikainen, Anne-Mari; Peltonen, Juha I.; Vartiainen, Eija (2017)
    The importance of quality assurance (QA) in medical ultrasound (US) has been widely recognized and recommendations concerning technical QA have been published over the years. However, the demonstrated impact of a properly working QA protocol on clinical routine has been scarce. We investigated the transducer write-off causes for a 5-y period in a multi-unit radiology department with an annual average of 230 transducers in demanding diagnostic use. The transducer faults and the initial observers of the faults leading to transducer write-offs were traced and categorized. The most common cause of transducer write-off was an image uniformity problem or element failure. Mechanical faults or excessive leakage current and defects in the lens constituted smaller yet substantial shares. Our results suggest that a properly working routine QA program can detect majority of the faults before they are reported by users. (E-mail: (C) 2017 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.