Browsing by Subject "Dialysis"

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  • Koopman, Jacob J. E.; Kramer, Anneke; van Heemst, Diana; Asberg, Anders; Beuscart, Jean-Baptiste; Buturovic-Ponikvar, Jadranka; Collart, Frederic; Couchoud, Cecile G.; Finne, Patrik; Heaf, James G.; Massy, Ziad A.; De Meester, Johan M. J.; Palsson, Runolfur; Steenkamp, Retha; Traynor, Jamie P.; Jager, Kitty J.; Putter, Hein (2016)
    Purpose: Although a population's senescence rate is classically measured as the increase in mortality rate with age on a logarithmic scale, it may be more accurately measured as the increase on a linear scale. Patients on dialysis, who suffer from accelerated senescence, exhibit a smaller increase in their mortality rate on a logarithmic scale, but a larger increase on a linear scale than patients with a functioning kidney transplant. However, this comparison may be biased by population heterogeneity. Methods: Follow-up data on 323,308 patients on dialysis and 91,679 patients with a functioning kidney transplant were derived from the ERA-EDTA Registry. We measured the increases in their mortality rates using Gompertz frailty models that allow individual variation in this increase. Results: According to these models, the senescence rate measured as the increase in mortality rate on a logarithmic scale was smaller in patients on dialysis, while the senescence rate measured as the increase on a linear scale was larger in patients on dialysis than patients with a functioning kidney transplant. Conclusions: Also when accounting for population heterogeneity, a population's senescence rate is more accurately measured as the increase in mortality rate on a linear scale than a logarithmic scale. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Yalcinkaya, Fatos; Bonthuis, Marjolein; Erdogan, Beyza Doganay; van Stralen, Karlijn J.; Baiko, Sergey; Chehade, Hassib; Maxwell, Heather; Montini, Giovanni; Rönnholm, Kai; Sorensen, Soren Schwartz; Ulinski, Tim; Verrina, Enrico; Weber, Stefanie; Harambat, Jerome; Schaefer, Franz; Jager, Kitty J.; Groothoff, Jaap W. (2018)
    As outcome data for prune belly syndrome (PBS) complicated by end-stage renal disease are scarce, we analyzed characteristics and outcomes of children with PBS using the European Society for Pediatric Nephrology/European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ESPN/ERA-EDTA) Registry data. Data were available for 88 male PBS patients aged <20 years who started renal replacement therapy (RRT) between 1990 and 2013 in 35 European countries. Patient characteristics, survival, and transplantation outcomes were compared with those of male patients requiring RRT due to congenital obstructive uropathy (COU) and renal hypoplasia or dysplasia (RHD). Median age at onset of RRT in PBS was lower [7.0; interquartile range (IQR) 0.9-12.2 years] than in COU (9.6; IQR: 3.0-14.1 years) and RHD (9.4; IQR: 2.7-14.2 years). Unadjusted 10-year patient survival was 85% for PBS, 94% for COU, and 91% for RHD. After adjustment for country, period, and age, PBS mortality was similar to that of RHD but higher compared with COU [hazard ratio (HR) 1.96, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-3.74]. Seventy-four PBS patients (84%) received a first kidney transplant after a median time on dialysis of 8.4 (IQR 0.0-21.1) months. Outcomes with respect to time on dialysis before transplantation, chance of receiving a first transplant within 2 years after commencing RRT, and death-censored, adjusted risk of graft loss were similar for all groups. This study in the largest cohort of male patients with PBS receiving RRT to date demonstrates that outcomes are comparable with other congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, except for a slightly higher mortality risk compared with patients with COU.
  • Desloovere, An; Renken-Terhaerdt, Jose; Tuokkola, Jetta; Shaw, Vanessa; Greenbaum, Larry A.; Haffner, Dieter; Anderson, Caroline; Nelms, Christina L.; Oosterveld, Michiel J. S.; Paglialonga, Fabio; Polderman, Nonnie; Qizalbash, Leila; Warady, Bradley A.; Shroff, Rukshana; Vande Walle, Johan (2021)
    Dyskalemias are often seen in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). While hyperkalemia is common, with an increasing prevalence as glomerular filtration rate declines, hypokalemia may also occur, particularly in children with renal tubular disorders and those on intensive dialysis regimens. Dietary assessment and adjustment of potassium intake is critically important in children with CKD as hyperkalemia can be life-threatening. Manipulation of dietary potassium can be challenging as it may affect the intake of other nutrients and reduce palatability. The Pediatric Renal Nutrition Taskforce (PRNT), an international team of pediatric renal dietitians and pediatric nephrologists, has developed clinical practice recommendations (CPRs) for the dietary management of potassium in children with CKD stages 2-5 and on dialysis (CKD2-5D). We describe the assessment of dietary potassium intake, requirements for potassium in healthy children, and the dietary management of hypo- and hyperkalemia in children with CKD2-5D. Common potassium containing foods are described and approaches to adjusting potassium intake that can be incorporated into everyday practice discussed. Given the poor quality of evidence available, a Delphi survey was conducted to seek consensus from international experts. Statements with a low grade or those that are opinion-based must be carefully considered and adapted to individual patient needs, based on the clinical judgment of the treating physician and dietitian. These CPRs will be regularly audited and updated by the PRNT.
  • Hölttä, Tuula; Bonthuis, Marjolein; Van Stralen, Karlijn J.; Bjerre, Anna; Topaloglu, Rezan; Ozaltin, Fatih; Holmberg, Christer; Harambat, Jerome; Jager, Kitty J.; Schaefer, Franz; Groothoff, Jaap W. (2016)
    Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) of the Finnish type, NPHS1, is the most severe form of CNS. Outcomes of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in NPHS1 patients in Europe were analysed using data from the ESPN/ERA-EDTA Registry. As NPHS1 is most prevalent in Finland and the therapeutic approach differs from that in many other countries, we compared outcomes in Finnish and other European patients. NPHS1 mutations were confirmed in 170 children with CNS who initiated RRT (dialysis or renal transplantation) between 1991 and 2012. Finnish (n = 66) and non-Finnish NPHS1 patients (n = 104) were compared with respect to treatment policy, age at first RRT and renal transplantation (RTX), patient and graft survival, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and growth. Age-matched patients with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) served as controls. Finnish NPHS1 patients were significantly younger than non-Finnish patients, both at the start of RRT and at the time of RTX. We found similar overall 5-year patient survival on RRT (91 %) and graft survival (89 %) in both NPHS1 groups and CAKUT controls. At the start of RRT, height standard deviation score (SDS) was higher in Finnish patients than in non-Finnish patients (mean [95 % CI]: -1.31 [-2.13 to -0.49] and -3.0 [-4.22 to -1.91], p <0.01 respectively), but not at 5 years of age. At 5 years of age height and body mass index (BMI) SDS were similar to those of CAKUT controls. Overall, 5-year patient and graft survival of both Finnish and non-Finnish NPHS1 patients on RRT were excellent and comparable with CAKUT patients with equally early RRT onset and was independent of the timing of RRT initiation and RTX.
  • Bakkaloglu, Sevcan A.; Atikel, Yesim Ozdemir; Paglialonga, Fabio; Stefanidis, Constantinos J.; Askiti, Varvara; Vidal, Enrico; Ariceta, Gema; Melek, Engin; Verrina, Enrico; Printza, Nikoleta; Vondrak, Karel; Zurowska, Aleksandra; Zagozdzon, Ilona; Ekim, Mesiha; Özmert, Elif Nursel; Dufek, Stephanie; Jankauskiene, Augustina; Schmitt, Claus Peter; Levai, Eszter; Vande Walle, Johan; Canpolat, Nur; Hölttä, Tuula; Fischbach, Michel; Klaus, Guenter; Aufricht, Christoph; Shroff, Rukshana; Edefonti, Alberto (2018)
    Background: Data on the immunization practices in pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are scarce. The purpose of this study was to evaluate current vaccination practices for children on dialysis across European pediatric nephrology centers. Methods: A total of 18 tertiary pediatric nephrology centers from 12 European countries were included in the study. The data on universal national immunization programs and immunization practices for children with chronic disease or risk were recorded from European Center for Disease Prevention and Control and the World Health Organization. The immunization practices and center protocols for monitoring antibody titers after vaccination in dialysis patients were obtained through a questionnaire. Results: All centers included in the study recommended immunization against hepatitis B virus (HBV), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, Hemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), poliomyelitis, measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), and streptococcus pneumonia in dialysis patients. In 16 centers, dialysis patients were vaccinated against influenza virus annually. HBV protective antibody titers were measured in 17 centers (during dialysis period in 14 centers, during pre-renal transplantation preparations in 14 centers or in both times in 11 centers). Hepatitis A virus (HAV) was reported to be followed in 13 centers, in 8 centers during dialysis period, and in 11 centers during pre-RTx preparations. MMR and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) protective antibody titers were measured during the dialysis period or before renal transplantation (RTx) in 12 and 15 centers, respectively, and in 6 centers both titers were checked both times. Conclusion: There are variations in vaccination practice across Europe. Children with CKD, those undergoing dialysis, and transplant candidates should receive age-appropriate vaccinations before RTx as well as before the transition to adult nephrology clinics and antibody levels should be monitored to evaluate the immunization status before and after RTx. (C) 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.