Browsing by Subject "Digestibility"

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  • Kuoppala, K.; Jaakkola, S.; Garry, B.; Ahvenjarvi, S.; Rinne, M. (2021)
    There is increasing interest in using locally produced protein supplements in dairy cow feeding. The objective of this experiment was to compare rapeseed meal (RSM), faba beans (FBs) and blue lupin seeds (BL) at isonitrogenous amounts as supplements of grass silage and cereal based diets. A control diet (CON) without protein supplement was included in the experiment. Four lactating Nordic Red cows were used in a 4 x 4 Latin Square design with four 21 d periods. The milk production increased with protein supplementation but when expressed as energy corrected milk, the response disappeared due to substantially higher milk fat concentration with CON compared to protein supplemented diets. Milk protein output increased by 8.5, 4.4 and 2.7% when RSM, FB and BL were compared to CON. The main changes in rumen fermentation were the higher propionate and lower butyrate proportion of total rumen volatile fatty acids when the protein supplemented diets were compared to CON. Protein supplementation also clearly increased the ruminal ammonia N concentration. Protein supplementation improved diet organic matter and NDF digestibility but efficiency of microbial protein synthesis per kg organic matter truly digested was not affected. Flow of microbial N was greater when FB compared to BL was fed. All protein supplements decreased the efficiency of nitrogen use in milk production. The marginal efficiency (amount of additional feed protein captured in milk protein) was 0.110, 0.062 and 0.045 for RSM, FB and BL, respectively. The current study supports the evidence that RSM is a good protein supplement for dairy cows, and this effect was at least partly mediated by the lower rumen degradability of RSM protein compared to FB and BL. The relatively small production responses to protein supplementation with simultaneous decrease in nitrogen use efficiency in milk production suggest that economic and environmental consequences of protein feeding need to be carefully considered. (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of The Animal Consortium. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
  • Mehtiö, Terhi; Mäntysaari, Päivi; Kokkonen, Tuomo; Kajava, Sari; Prestløkken, Egil; Kidane, Alemayehu; Wallén, Sini; Nyholm, Laura; Negussie, Enyew; Mäntysaari, Esa A.; Lidauer, Martin H. (2019)
    Digestibility traits included in this study were dry matter digestibility (DMD, g/kg), which was calculated based on the indigestible neutral detergent fibre (iNDF, g/kg of dry matter) content in faeces (iNDFf) and in diet (iNDFd), and iNDFf predicted directly from faecal samples by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS). The data set was collected at three research herds in Finland and one in Norway including in total 931 records from 328 lactating Nordic Red Cattle and Holstein cows. Observations were associated with different accuracy, due to the differences in sampling protocols used for collecting faecal samples. Heritability estimates varied between different sampling protocols and ranged from 0.14 ± 0.06 to 0.51 ± 0.24 for DMD and from 0.13 ± 0.05 to 0.48 ± 0.18 for iNDFf. Estimated genetic standard deviations were 10.5 g/kg and 6.2 g/kg dry matter for DMD and iNDFf, respectively. Results of our study indicated that recording only the iNDF content in the faeces is sufficient to determine genetic variation in cows’ ability to digest feed. The coefficient of genetic variation for DMD was rather small (1.7%), but could be utilized if it is supported by a positive analysis of benefits over costs.