Browsing by Subject "Distance"

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  • Bonet, Jose; Lusky, Wolfgang; Taskinen, Jari (2019)
    Let v be a radial weight function on the unit disc or on the complex plane. It is shown that for each analytic function f0 in the Banach space Hv all analytic functions f such that v|f| is bounded, the distance of f0 to the subspace Hv0 of Hv of all the functions g such that v|g| vanishes at infinity is attained at a function g0Hv0. Moreover a simple, direct proof of the formula of the distance of f to Hv0 due to Perfekt is presented. As a consequence the corresponding results for weighted Bloch spaces are obtained.
  • Mustonen, Katri; Kantonen, Jarmo; Kauppila, Timo (BioMed Central, 2017)
    Abstract Background It has not been studied what happens to patient flow to EDs and other parts of local health care system if distances to ED services are manipulated as a part of health policy in urban areas. Methods The present work was an observational and quasi-experimental study with a control and it was based on before-after comparisons. The impact of terminating a geographically distant suburban primary care ED on patient flow to doctors in local public primary care EDs, office-hour primary care, secondary care EDs and in private primary care was studied. The effect of this intervention was compared with a primary care system where no similar intervention was performed. The number of monthly visits to doctors in different departments of health care was scored as the main measure of the study in each department studied (e.g. in primary care EDs, secondary care ED, office-hour public primary care and private primary care). Monthly mortality rates were also recorded. Results Increasing the distance to ED services by terminating a peripheral ED did not cause an increase in the use of local office-hour services in those areas whose local ED was terminated, although use of ED services decreased by 25% in these areas (P < 0.001). The total use of primary care doctor services rather decreased - if anything - after this intervention while use of doctor services in secondary care ED remained unaffected. Doctor visits to the complementary private primary care increased but this was probably not associated with the intervention because a simultaneous increase in this parameter was observed in the control. There was no increased mortality in any age groups. Conclusion Manipulating distances to ED services can be used to direct patient flows to different parts of the health care system. The correlation between distance to ED and the tendency to use ED by inhabitants is negative. If secondary care ED was available there were no life-threatening side-effects at the level of general public health when a minor ED was closed in a primary care ED system.