Browsing by Subject "EBV"

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  • Torniainen-Holm, Minna; Suvisaari, Jaana; Lindgren, Maija; Härkänen, Tommi; Dickerson, Faith; Yolken, Robert H. (2018)
    Background: Earlier studies have documented an association between cytomegalovirus and cognitive impairment, but results have been inconsistent. Few studies have investigated the association of cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus with cognitive decline longitudinally. Our aim was to examine whether cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus are associated with cognitive decline, in adults. Method: The study sample is from the Finnish Health 2000 Survey (BRIF8901, n = 7112), which is representative of the Finnish adult population. The sample was followed up after 11 years in the Health 2011 Survey. In addition, persons with dementia were identified from healthcare registers. Results: In the Finnish population aged 30 and over, the seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus was estimated to be 84% and the seroprevalence of Epstein-Barr virus 98%. Seropositivity of the viruses and antibody levels were mostly not associated with cognitive performance. In the middle-aged adult group, cytomegalovirus serointensity was associated with impaired performance in verbal learning. However, the association disappeared when corrected for multiple testing. No interactions between infection and time or between the two infections were significant when corrected for multiple testing. Seropositivity did not predict dementia diagnosis. Conclusions: The results suggest that adult levels of antibodies to cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus may not be associated with a significant decline in cognitive function or with dementia at population level. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • Outinen, Tuula; Syrjanen, Jaana; Rounioja, Samuli; Saarela, Janna; Kaustio, Meri; Helminen, Merja (2016)
  • Ruuskanen, Miia; Irjala, Heikki; Minn, Heikki; Vahlberg, Tero; Randen-Brady, Reija; Hagström, Jaana; Syrjänen, Stina; Leivo, Ilmo (2019)
    Background Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is related to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in endemic areas; however, the role of viruses in nonendemic countries is unclear. Our nationwide study investigated the prevalence and prognostic significance of EBV and human papillomaviruses (HPVs) in Finnish NPC tumors. Methods We analyzed samples from 150 patients diagnosed between 1990 and 2009. Viral status was determined using EBV and HPV RNA in situ hybridizations, and p16 immunohistochemistry. Patient and treatment characteristics were obtained from patient records. Results In our white patient cohort, 93 of 150 (62%) patients were EBV-positive and 21/150 (14%) patients were HPV-positive with no coinfections. Thirty-six (24%) tumors were negative for both viruses. The 5-year disease-specific survival for patients with EBV-positive, HPV-positive, and EBV/HPV-negative tumors was 69%, 63%, and 39%, respectively. In multivariable-adjusted analysis, overall survival was better among patients with EBV-positive (P = .005) and HPV-positive (P = .03) tumors compared to patients with EBV/HPV-negative tumors. Conclusions In our low-incidence population, EBV and HPV are important prognostic factors for NPC.
  • Ruotanen, Päivi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Patellar luxation is a typical orthopaedic disorder in small sized dogs. Patella can luxate either medially or laterally, medial luxation being by far more common than the lateral luxation. PL is considered hereditary since certain breeds have great susceptibility to get the condition, and the symptoms may occur at young age. PL is diagnosed by following the so-called Putnam’s scale where the stifle joint is palpated and manipulated. PL is graded from 0=normal…4=permanent luxation. The aim of this study was to estimate the variance components and the heritability of PL, to visualize PL’s genetic trend and to calculate the genetic correlation between left and right stifle and between PL and hip dysplasia (HD) in Japanese Spitz. The PL, HD and pedigree data were provided by the Finnish Kennel Club. Data were modified with both R-program and Microsoft Office Excel. The pedigree check was performed with RelaX2 program and variance component analyses were done with DMU program using the restricted maximum likelihood method. Heritabilities (h2) were from very low to low depending on the model and breed. When the dependent variable was the mean of left and right patellae of an individual the lowest heritability was in the Pomeranian h2=0.03 and highest in the Chihuahua h2=0.18. The genetic correlation of left and right patellae was 1 in all breeds which suggests that they are genetically the same trait. In the Japanese Spitz the genetic correlation between PL and HD was -0.05. The genetic trend of PL was favorable in the Chihuahua and the Japanese Spitz. In the Pomeranian the trend was negative and neutral in the Finnish Spitz. Based on the results, the selection against PL has not been efficient. In future, patellae health should be controlled by using breeding indexes because the heritability of PL is low. Also, improvements in phenotyping could lead to more accurate selection.
  • Calabrese, Fiorella; Kipar, Anja; Lunardi, Francesca; Balestro, Elisabetta; Perissinotto, Egle; Rossi, Emanuela; Nannini, Nazarena; Marulli, Giuseppe; Stewart, James P.; Rea, Federico (2013)
  • Sadam, Helle; Pihlak, Arno; Jaago, Mariliis; Pupina, Nadezda; Rähni, Annika; Toots, Maarja; Vaheri, Antti; Nieminen, Janne K.; Siuko, Mika; Tienari, Pentti J.; Palm, Kaia (2021)
    Background: Optic neuritis (ON) can occur as an isolated episode or will develop to multiple sclerosis (MS) a chronic autoimmune disease. What predicts ON progression to MS remains poorly understood. Methods: We characterised the antibody epitope repertoire in three independent clinical cohorts (discovery (n = 62), validation (n = 20) and external cohort (n = 421)) using mimotope variation analysis (MVA), a next generation phage display technology to identify epitopes that associate with prognosis of ON. Findings: We observed distinct epitope profiles for ON, MS and the controls, whereas epitope repertoires of sera and CSF were highly similar. Two unique and highly immunogenic epitopes A and B were detected in subjects with ON progressing to MS. These epitopes A and B were strongly associated with herpesviral antigens (VCA p18 of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV); gB of Cytomegalovirus (CMV)). ROC addressed 75% of MS subjects with ON onset correctly (at 75% sensitivity and 74.22% specificity) based on the two-epitope biomarker analysis. Interpretation: This is the first report on epitope diagnostics for MS employing the unbiased strategy of MVA for identification of novel immunological features of disease. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.