Browsing by Subject "ENDOSCOPIC TREATMENT"

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  • Kiug, Tejs Ehlers; Hentze, Malene; Schytte, Sten; Farnebo, Lovisa; Rikardsen, Oddveig; Sihvo, Eero; Räsänen, Jari; Mäkitie, Antti (2019)
    Purpose We aimed to obtain information on the number of Nordic centers performing tracheal resections, crico-tracheal resections, and laryngo-tracheal reconstructions, as well as the patient volume and the standard regimens associated with these procedures. Methods Consultants at all Departments of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS, n = 22) and Thoracic Surgery (n = 21) in the five Nordic countries were invited (April 2018-January 2019) to participate in an online survey. Results All 43 departments responded to the survey. Twenty departments declared to perform one or more of the three types of tracheal resections. At five hospitals, departments of ORL-HNS and Thoracic Surgery perform these operations in collaboration. Hence, one or more of the tracheal operations in question are carried out at 15 centers. The median annual number of tracheal operations per center is five (range 1-20). Great variations were found regarding contraindications (relative and absolute) for surgery, the use of guardian sterno-mental sutures (all patients, 33%; selected cases, 40% of centers), prophylactic antibiotic therapy (cefuroxime +/- metronidazole, penicillin +/- metronidazole, clindamycin, imipenem, or none), post-operative follow-up time (range: children: 3-120 months; adults: 0-60 months), and the performance of postoperative bronchoscopy. Conclusions Fifteen centers each perform a low number of annual operations with significant variations in the selection of patients and the clinical setup, which raises the question if a higher degree of collaboration and centralization would be warranted. We encourage Nordic transnational collaboration, pursuing alignment on central management issues, and establishment of a common prospective database for future tracheal resection surgery.
  • Tal, Andrea Oliver; Finkelmeier, Fabian; Filmann, Natalie; Kylänpää, Leena; Udd, Marianne; Parzanese, Ilaria; Cantu, Paolo; Dechene, Alexander; Penndorf, Volker; Schnitzbauer, Andreas; Friedrich-Rust, Mireen; Zeuzem, Stefan; Albert, Joerg G. (2017)
    Background and Aims: Treatment of anastomotic biliary strictures (ABSs) after orthotopic liver transplantation by endoscopic insertion of multiple plastic stents (MPSs) is well established. The use of covered self-expandable metal stents (cSEMSs) for this indication is less investigated. Methods: In an open-label, multicenter, randomized trial, patients with confirmed ABSs were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive either an MPS or a cSEMS. The primary endpoint was the number of endoscopic interventions until ABS resolution. Secondary endpoints were frequency of adverse events, treatment success rates, and time to treatment success and recurrence of ABS during follow-up of at least 1 year. Results: Fifty-eight patients were included between 2012 and 2015, and 48 patients completed follow-up. Patients receiving MPS (n = 24) underwent a median of 4 (range, 3-12) endoscopic retrograde cholangiography examinations, whereas those in the cSEMS group (n = 24) underwent a median of 2 (range, 2-12) sessions until ABS resolution (P <.001). A median of 8 (range, 2-32) stents was used until ABS resolution within the MPS group and 1 (range, 1-24) in the cSEMS group (P <.0001). cSEMS migration occurred in 8 (33.3%) patients. Treatment duration did not differ significantly. Initial treatment success rates were high with 23 (95.8%) in the MPS group and 24 (100%) for cSEMSs (P = 1). Five (20.8%) patients in both groups showed stricture recurrence after a median follow-up of 500 days (range, 48-1317 days). Conclusions: cSEMSs for treatment of ABSs needed less endoscopic interventions to achieve similar efficacy as MPS and might become a new treatment standard. However, the optimal duration of cSEMS therapy and cost-efficacy have to be evaluated.