Browsing by Subject "EXCITED-STATE"

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  • Ertoprak, A.; Cederwall, B.; Qi, C.; Aktas, O.; Doncel, M.; Hadinia, B.; Liotta, R.; Sandzelius, M.; Scholey, C.; Andgren, K.; Back, T.; Badran, H.; Braunroth, T.; Calverley, T.; Cox, D. M.; Cullen, D. M.; Fang, Y. D.; Ganioglu, E.; Giles, M.; Gomez Hornillos, M. B.; Grahn, T.; Greenlees, P. T.; Hilton, J.; Hodge, D.; Ideguchi, E.; Jakobsson, U.; Johnson, A.; Jones, P. M.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Khaplanov, A.; Kumar Raju, M.; Leino, M.; Li, H.; Liu, H.; Matta, S.; Modamio, V.; Nara Singh, B. S.; Niikura, M.; Nyman, M.; Ozgur, I.; Page, R. D.; Pakarinen, J.; Papadakis, P.; Partanen, J.; Paul, E. S.; Petrache, C. M.; Peura, P.; Rahkila, P.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Saren, J.; Sorri, J.; Stolze, S.; Subramaniam, P.; Taylor, M. J.; Uusitalo, J.; Valiente-Dobon, J. J.; Wyss, R. (2020)
    Excited states in the extremely neutron-deficient nucleus Pt-172 were populated via Ru-96(Kr-78, 2p) and Mo-92(Kr-83, 3n) reactions. The level scheme has been extended up to an excitation energy of approximate to 5MeV and tentative spin-parity assignments up to I-pi = 18(+). Linear polarization and angular distribution measurements were used to determine the electromagnetic E1 character of the dipole transitions connecting the positive-parity ground-state band with an excited side-band, firmly establishing it as a negativeparity band. The lowestmember of this negative-parity structure was firmly assigned spin-parity 3(-). In addition, we observed an E3 transition from this 3(-) state to the ground state, providing direct evidence for octupole collectivity in Pt-172. Large-scale shell model (LSSM) and total Routhian surface (TRS) calculations have been performed, supporting the interpretation of the 3(-) state as a collective octupole-vibrational state.
  • Boden, Pit; Di Martino-Fumo, Patrick; Busch, Jasmin M.; Rehak, Florian R.; Steiger, Sophie; Fuhr, Oliver; Nieger, Martin; Volz, Daniel; Klopper, Willem; Bräse, Stefan; Gerhards, Markus (2021)
    To develop new and flexible Cu-I containing luminescent substances, we extend our previous investigations on two metal-centered species to four metal-centered complexes. These complexes could be a basis for designing new organic light-emitting diode (OLED) relevant species. Both the synthesis and in-depth spectroscopic analysis, combined with high-level theoretical calculations are presented on a series of tetranuclear Cu-I complexes with a halide containing Cu4X4 core (X=iodide, bromide or chloride) and two 2-(diphenylphosphino)pyridine bridging ligands with a methyl group in para (4-Me) or ortho (6-Me) position of the pyridine ring. The structure of the electronic ground state is characterized by X-ray diffraction, NMR, and IR spectroscopy with the support of theoretical calculations. In contrast to the para system, the complexes with ortho-substituted bridging ligands show a remarkable and reversible temperature-dependent dual phosphorescence. Here, we combine for the first time the luminescence thermochromism with time-resolved FTIR spectroscopy. Thus, we receive experimental data on the structures of the two triplet states involved in the luminescence thermochromism. The transient IR spectra of the underlying triplet metal/halide-to-ligand charge transfer (M-3/XLCT) and cluster-centered ((CC)-C-3) states were obtained and interpreted by comparison with calculated vibrational spectra. The systematic and significant dependence of the bridging halides was analyzed.
  • Claesson, Elin; Wahlgren, Weixiao Yuan; Takala, Heikki; Pandey, Suraj; Castillon, Leticia; Kuznetsova, Valentyna; Henry, Leocadie; Panman, Matthijs; Carrillo, Melissa; Kubel, Joachim; Nanekar, Rahul; Isaksson, Linnea; Nimmrich, Amke; Cellini, Andrea; Morozov, Dmitry; Maj, Michal; Kurttila, Moona; Bosman, Robert; Nango, Eriko; Tanaka, Rie; Tanaka, Tomoyuki; Fangjia, Luo; Iwata, So; Owada, Shigeki; Moffat, Keith; Groenhof, Gerrit; Stojkovic, Emina A.; Ihalainen, Janne A.; Schmidt, Marius; Westenhoff, Sebastian (2020)
    Phytochrome proteins control the growth, reproduction, and photosynthesis of plants, fungi, and bacteria. Light is detected by a bilin cofactor, but it remains elusive how this leads to activation of the protein through structural changes. We present serial femtosecond X-ray crystallographic data of the chromophore-binding domains of a bacterial phytochrome at delay times of 1 ps and 10 ps after photoexcitation. The data reveal a twist of the D-ring, which leads to partial detachment of the chromophore from the protein. Unexpectedly, the conserved so-called pyrrole water is photodissociated from the chromophore, concomitant with movement of the A-ring and a key signaling aspartate. The changes are wired together by ultrafast backbone and water movements around the chromophore, channeling them into signal transduction towards the output domains. We suggest that the observed collective changes are important for the phytochrome photoresponse, explaining the earliest steps of how plants, fungi and bacteria sense red light.