Browsing by Subject "Education policy"

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  • Lavonen, Jari (IntechOpen, 2018)
    The chapter analyses teacher professionalism and how professional teachers are educated in Finland and will be educated in future. Second, successes and challenges in the Finnish educational context and the role of teachers in education are discussed. The third section examines shortly primary and secondary teacher education at the University of Helsinki as an example of a teacher education programme in Finland. The main topic concerns how Finnish teacher education is aimed to be improved through broad-based collaboration. The Minister of Education nominated 100 experts from universities, the ministry, the teachers’ union, student unions and municipal union to a Finnish Teacher Education Forum and asked them to analyse research outcomes related to teacher education, to identify best practices based on teacher education strategies and policy documents in other countries, organise a national brainstorming process related to the renewal of teacher education and, inally, prepare a Development Programme for Teachers’ Pre- and In-service Education (life-long professional development) in Finland. Furthermore, the forum was asked to identify key actions to undertake to improve teacher education and support the implementation of the development programme, and also to create the conditions through inancing pilot projects and organising meetings for the renewal of Finnish teacher education through professional development projects
  • Ahtiainen, Raisa (2017)
    Kirjoitus pohjautuu juuri valmistuneeseen väitöstutkimukseeni, jossa tarkastelin erityisopetuksen uudistusta. Kyse on uudistuksesta, jonka seurauksena siirryttiin nykyiseen oppimisen ja koulunkäynnin tuen järjestelmään. Tutkin aihetta muutosteoreettisesta näkökulmasta. Uudistusta koskeva aineistoni muodostui poliittisista asiakirjoista. Tässä kirjoituksessa kerron, kuinka koulun kehittäminen ja uudistuksen keskeinen sanoma uudistuksen käynnistysvaiheessa voidaan kytkeä kansainväliseen koulutuspoliittiseen viitekehykseen. Pohjustan aihetta käymällä läpi erityisopetuksen uudistuksen syntyhistoriaa, jonka juuret ovat jäljitettävissä yli 20 vuoden taakse. Kirjoitukseni tarkoitus on valottaa sitä, kuinka nykyään käytössä oleva tukijärjestelmä on tullut osaksi kouluarkea, ja kuvata, millaisin sanakääntein uudistusta 10 vuotta sitten ryhdyttiin opetushenkilöstölle esittelemään. Millaisia viestejä opetusministeriön vuonna 2007 julkaisemasta Erityisopetuksen strategiasta on luettavissa?
  • Ahtiainen, Raisa; Pulkkinen, Jonna; Jahnukainen, Markku (2021)
    In recent decades, an essential global aim of the reforms of special education has been the promotion of inclusive education. This article discusses the implementation of reforms with a focus on tiered support systems in the context of Finnish comprehensive school education. Based on earlier literature, legislation, and administrative documents, we provide a background for Finnish education policy and special education reforms. The focus of this article is on the description of parallel reforms targeting the re-structuring of the systems around support for students and funding of education in the 2010s. We discuss the processes leading to these reforms and the reforms themselves. In addition, we discuss their implications for the organization of the tiered support system. Finally, we highlight some challenges of reform implementation and the current education policy’s movements towards inclusive education.