Browsing by Subject "Embolization"

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  • Tarasconi, Antonio; Perrone, Gennaro; Davies, Justin; Coimbra, Raul; Moore, Ernest; Azzaroli, Francesco; Abongwa, Hariscine; De Simone, Belinda; Gallo, Gaetano; Rossi, Giorgio; Abu-Zidan, Fikri; Agnoletti, Vanni; De'Angelis, Gianluigi; De'Angelis, Nicola; Ansaloni, Luca; Baiocchi, Gian Luca; Carcoforo, Paolo; Ceresoli, Marco; Chichom-Mefire, Alain; Di Saverio, Salomone; Gaiani, Federica; Giuffrida, Mario; Hecker, Andreas; Inaba, Kenji; Kelly, Michael; Kirkpatrick, Andrew; Kluger, Yoram; Leppäniemi, Ari; Litvin, Andrey; Ordonez, Carlos; Pattonieri, Vittoria; Peitzman, Andrew; Pikoulis, Manos; Sakakushev, Boris; Sartelli, Massimo; Shelat, Vishal; Tan, Edward; Testini, Mario; Velmahos, George; Wani, Imtiaz; Weber, Dieter; Biffl, Walter; Coccolini, Federico; Catena, Fausto (2021)
    Anorectal emergencies comprise a wide variety of diseases that share common symptoms, i.e., anorectal pain or bleeding and might require immediate management. While most of the underlying conditions do not need inpatient management, some of them could be life-threatening and need prompt recognition and treatment. It is well known that an incorrect diagnosis is frequent for anorectal diseases and that a delayed diagnosis is related to an impaired outcome. This paper aims to improve the knowledge and the awareness on this specific topic and to provide a useful tool for every physician dealing with anorectal emergencies. The present guidelines have been developed according to the GRADE methodology. To create these guidelines, a panel of experts was designed and charged by the boards of the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) and American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) to perform a systematic review of the available literature and to provide evidence-based statements with immediate practical application. All the statements were presented and discussed during the WSES-AAST-WJES Consensus Conference on Anorectal Emergencies, and for each statement, a consensus among the WSES-AAST panel of experts was reached. We structured our work into seven main topics to cover the entire management of patients with anorectal emergencies and to provide an up-to-date, easy-to-use tool that can help physicians and surgeons during the decision-making process.
  • Podda, Mauro; De Simone, Belinda; Ceresoli, Marco; Virdis, Francesco; Favi, Francesco; Larsen, Johannes Wiik; Coccolini, Federico; Sartelli, Massimo; Pararas, Nikolaos; Beka, Solomon Gurmu; Bonavina, Luigi; Bova, Raffaele; Pisanu, Adolfo; Abu-Zidan, Fikri; Balogh, Zsolt; Chiara, Osvaldo; Wani, Imtiaz; Stahel, Philip; Di Saverio, Salomone; Scalea, Thomas; Soreide, Kjetil; Sakakushev, Boris; Amico, Francesco; Martino, Costanza; Hecker, Andreas; De'Angelis, Nicola; Chirica, Mircea; Galante, Joseph; Kirkpatrick, Andrew; Pikoulis, Emmanouil; Kluger, Yoram; Bensard, Denis; Ansaloni, Luca; Fraga, Gustavo; Civil, Ian; Tebala, Giovanni Domenico; Di Carlo, Isidoro; Cui, Yunfeng; Coimbra, Raul; Agnoletti, Vanni; Sall, Ibrahima; Tan, Edward; Picetti, Edoardo; Litvin, Andrey; Damaskos, Dimitrios; Inaba, Kenji; Leung, Jeffrey; Maier, Ronald; Biffl, Walt; Leppaniemi, Ari; Moore, Ernest; Gurusamy, Kurinchi; Catena, Fausto (2022)
    Background In 2017, the World Society of Emergency Surgery published its guidelines for the management of adult and pediatric patients with splenic trauma. Several issues regarding the follow-up of patients with splenic injuries treated with NOM remained unsolved. Methods Using a modified Delphi method, we sought to explore ongoing areas of controversy in the NOM of splenic trauma and reach a consensus among a group of 48 international experts from five continents (Africa, Europe, Asia, Oceania, America) concerning optimal follow-up strategies in patients with splenic injuries treated with NOM. Results Consensus was reached on eleven clinical research questions and 28 recommendations with an agreement rate >= 80%. Mobilization after 24 h in low-grade splenic trauma patients (WSES Class I, AAST Grades I-II) was suggested, while in patients with high-grade splenic injuries (WSES Classes II-III, AAST Grades III-V), if no other contraindications to early mobilization exist, safe mobilization of the patient when three successive hemoglobins 8 h apart after the first are within 10% of each other was considered safe according to the panel. The panel suggests adult patients to be admitted to hospital for 1 day (for low-grade splenic injuries-WSES Class I, AAST Grades I-II) to 3 days (for high-grade splenic injuries-WSES Classes II-III, AAST Grades III-V), with those with high-grade injuries requiring admission to a monitored setting. In the absence of specific complications, the panel suggests DVT and VTE prophylaxis with LMWH to be started within 48-72 h from hospital admission. The panel suggests splenic artery embolization (SAE) as the first-line intervention in patients with hemodynamic stability and arterial blush on CT scan, irrespective of injury grade. Regarding patients with WSES Class II blunt splenic injuries (AAST Grade III) without contrast extravasation, a low threshold for SAE has been suggested in the presence of risk factors for NOM failure. The panel also suggested angiography and eventual SAE in all hemodynamically stable adult patients with WSES Class III injuries (AAST Grades IV-V), even in the absence of CT blush, especially when concomitant surgery that requires change of position is needed. Follow-up imaging with contrast-enhanced ultrasound/CT scan in 48-72 h post-admission of trauma in splenic injuries WSES Class II (AAST Grade III) or higher treated with NOM was considered the best strategy for timely detection of vascular complications. Conclusion This consensus document could help guide future prospective studies aiming at validating the suggested strategies through the implementation of prospective trauma databases and the subsequent production of internationally endorsed guidelines on the issue.
  • Biancari, F.; Makela, J.; Juvonen, T.; Venermo, M. (2015)
    Type II endoleak is a common condition occurring after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR), and may result in aneurysm sac growth and/or rupture in a small number of patients. A prophylactic strategy of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) embolization before EVAR has been advocated, however, the benefits of this strategy are controversial. A clinical vignette allows the authors to summarize the available data about this issue and discuss the possible benefits and risks of prophylactic IMA embolization before EVAR. The authors performed a meta-analysis of available data which showed that the pooled rate of type II endoleak after IMA embolization was 19.9% (95% Cl 3.4-34.7%, I-2 93%) whereas it was 41.4% (95% Cl 30.4-52.3%, I-2 76%) in patients without IMA embolization (5 studies including 596 patients: p <.0001, OR 0.369, 95% Cl 0.22-0.61, I-2 27%). Since treatment for type II endoleaks is needed in less than 20% of cases and this complication can be treated successfully in 60-70% of cases resulting in an aneurysm rupture risk of 0.9%, these data indicate that embolization of patent IMA may be of no benefit in patients undergoing EVAR. (C) 2015 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • WSES-AAST Expert Panel; Coccolini, Federico; Moore, Ernest E.; Kluger, Yoram; Leppäniemi, Ari; Catena, Fausto (2019)
    Renal and urogenital injuries occur in approximately 10-20% of abdominal trauma in adults and children. Optimal management should take into consideration the anatomic injury, the hemodynamic status, and the associated injuries. The management of urogenital trauma aims to restore homeostasis and normal physiology especially in pediatric patients where non-operative management is considered the gold standard. As with all traumatic conditions, the management of urogenital trauma should be multidisciplinary including urologists, interventional radiologists, and trauma surgeons, as well as emergency and ICU physicians. The aim of this paper is to present the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) and the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) kidney and urogenital trauma management guidelines.
  • Tarasconi, Antonio; Coccolini, Federico; Biffl, Walter L.; Tomasoni, Matteo; Ansaloni, Luca; Picetti, Edoardo; Molfino, Sarah; Shelat, Vishal; Cimbanassi, Stefania; Weber, Dieter G.; Abu-Zidan, Fikri M.; Campanile, Fabio C.; Di Saverio, Salomone; Baiocchi, Gian Luca; Casella, Claudio; Kelly, Michael D.; Kirkpatrick, Andrew W.; Leppäniemi, Ari; Moore, Ernest E.; Peitzman, Andrew; Fraga, Gustavo Pereira; Ceresoli, Marco; Maier, Ronald V.; Wani, Imtaz; Pattonieri, Vittoria; Perrone, Gennaro; Velmahos, George; Sugrue, Michael; Sartelli, Massimo; Kluger, Yoram; Catena, Fausto (2020)
    Background Peptic ulcer disease is common with a lifetime prevalence in the general population of 5-10% and an incidence of 0.1-0.3% per year. Despite a sharp reduction in incidence and rates of hospital admission and mortality over the past 30 years, complications are still encountered in 10-20% of these patients. Peptic ulcer disease remains a significant healthcare problem, which can consume considerable financial resources. Management may involve various subspecialties including surgeons, gastroenterologists, and radiologists. Successful management of patients with complicated peptic ulcer (CPU) involves prompt recognition, resuscitation when required, appropriate antibiotic therapy, and timely surgical/radiological treatment. Methods The present guidelines have been developed according to the GRADE methodology. To create these guidelines, a panel of experts was designed and charged by the board of the WSES to perform a systematic review of the available literature and to provide evidence-based statements with immediate practical application. All the statements were presented and discussed during the 5th WSES Congress, and for each statement, a consensus among the WSES panel of experts was reached. Conclusions The population considered in these guidelines is adult patients with suspected complicated peptic ulcer disease. These guidelines present evidence-based international consensus statements on the management of complicated peptic ulcer from a collaboration of a panel of experts and are intended to improve the knowledge and the awareness of physicians around the world on this specific topic. We divided our work into the two main topics, bleeding and perforated peptic ulcer, and structured it into six main topics that cover the entire management process of patients with complicated peptic ulcer, from diagnosis at ED arrival to post-discharge antimicrobial therapy, to provide an up-to-date, easy-to-use tool that can help physicians and surgeons during the decision-making process.
  • Coccolini, Federico; Montori, Giulia; Catena, Fausto; Kluger, Yoram; Biffl, Walter; Moore, Ernest E.; Reva, Viktor; Bing, Camilla; Bala, Miklosh; Fugazzola, Paola; Bahouth, Hany; Marzi, Ingo; Velmahos, George; Ivatury, Rao; Soreide, Kjetil; Horer, Tal; ten Broek, Richard; Pereira, Bruno M.; Fraga, Gustavo P.; Inaba, Kenji; Kashuk, Joseph; Parry, Neil; Masiakos, Peter T.; Mylonas, Konstantinos S.; Kirkpatrick, Andrew; Abu-Zidan, Fikri; Gomes, Carlos Augusto; Benatti, Simone Vasilij; Naidoo, Noel; Salvetti, Francesco; Maccatrozzo, Stefano; Agnoletti, Vanni; Gamberini, Emiliano; Solaini, Leonardo; Costanzo, Antonio; Celotti, Andrea; Tomasoni, Matteo; Khokha, Vladimir; Arvieux, Catherine; Napolitano, Lena; Handolin, Lauri; Pisano, Michele; Magnone, Stefano; Spain, David A.; de Moya, Marc; Davis, Kimberly A.; De Angelis, Nicola; Leppaniemi, Ari; Ferrada, Paula; Latifi, Rifat; Navarro, David Costa; Otomo, Yashuiro; Coimbra, Raul; Maier, Ronald V.; Moore, Frederick; Rizoli, Sandro; Sakakushev, Boris; Galante, Joseph M.; Chiara, Osvaldo; Cimbanassi, Stefania; Mefire, Alain Chichom; Weber, Dieter; Ceresoli, Marco; Peitzman, Andrew B.; Wehlie, Liban; Sartelli, Massimo; Di Saverio, Salomone; Ansaloni, Luca (2017)
    Spleen injuries are among the most frequent trauma-related injuries. At present, they are classified according to the anatomy of the injury. The optimal treatment strategy, however, should keep into consideration the hemodynamic status, the anatomic derangement, and the associated injuries. The management of splenic trauma patients aims to restore the homeostasis and the normal physiopathology especially considering the modern tools for bleeding management. Thus, the management of splenic trauma should be ultimately multidisciplinary and based on the physiology of the patient, the anatomy of the injury, and the associated lesions. Lastly, as the management of adults and children must be different, children should always be treated in dedicated pediatric trauma centers. In fact, the vast majority of pediatric patients with blunt splenic trauma can be managed non-operatively. This paper presents the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) classification of splenic trauma and the management guidelines.