Browsing by Subject "Episodic memory"

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  • Lindgren, Noora; Kaprio, Jaakko; Karjalainen, Tomi; Ekblad, Laura; Helin, Semi; Karrasch, Mira; Teuho, Jarmo; Rinne, Juha O.; Vuoksimaa, Eero (2021)
    We studied the association between episodic memory and cortical fibrillar β-amyloid pathology within twin pairs. Using telephone-administered cognitive screening of 1415 twin pairs in a population-based older Finnish Twin Cohort study, we identified 45 (mean [SD] age 72.9 [4.0] years, 40% women) cognitively discordant same-sex twin pairs (24 dizygotic and 21 monozygotic) without neurological or psychiatric disorders other than AD or mild cognitive impairment. In-person neuropsychological testing was conducted. Cortical amyloid was measured with carbon 11-labelled Pittsburgh compound B ([11C]PiB) positron emission tomography imaging and quantified as the average standardized uptake value ratio in cortical regions affected in AD. Larger within-twin pair differences in verbal immediate (r = -0.42) and delayed free recall (r = -0.41), and visual delayed free recall (r = -0.46) were associated with larger within-twin pair differences in [11C]PiB uptake (p's < 0.01). Correlations were not significantly different in dizygotic and monozygotic pairs suggesting that the episodic memory-cortical amyloid relationship is not confounded by genetic effects. However, larger samples are needed to draw more definitive conclusions.