Browsing by Subject "FIELD-FLOW FRACTIONATION"

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  • Avela, Henri F.; Siren, Heli (2020)
    The review concentrates on the properties of analytical and statistical ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatographic (UHPLC) - mass spectrometric (MS) methods suitable for glycero-, glycerophospho- and sphingolipids in lipidomics published between the years 2017 2019. Trends and fluctuations of conventional and nano-UHPLC methods with MS and tandem MS detection were observed in context of analysis conditions and tools used for data-analysis. Whereas general workflow characteristics are agreed upon, more details related to the chromatographic methodology (i.e. stationary and mobile phase conditions) need evidently agreements. Lipid quantitation relies upon isotope-labelled standards in targeted analyses and fully standardless algorithm-based untargeted analyses. Furthermore, a wide spectrum of setups have shown potential for the elucidation of complex and large datasets by minimizing the risks of systematic misinterpretation like false positives. This kind of evaluation was shown to have increased importance and usage for cross-validation and data-analysis. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Avela, Henri F.; Siren, Heli (2020)
    The present article examines recently published literature on lipids, mainly focusing on research involving glycero-, glycerophospho- and sphingo-lipids. The primary aim is identification of distinct profiles in biologic lipidomic systems by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS, tandem MS) with multivariate data analysis. This review specifically targets lipid biomarkers and disease pathway mechanisms in humans and artificial targets. Different specimen matrices such as primary blood derivatives (plasma, serum, erythrocytes, and blood platelets), faecal matter, urine, as well as biologic tissues (liver, lung and kidney) are highlighted.
  • Multia, Evgen; Liangsupree, Thanaporn; Jussila, Matti; Ruiz-Jimenez, Jose; Kemell, Marianna; Riekkola, Marja-Liisa (2020)
    An automated on-line isolation and fractionation system including controlling software was developed for selected nanosized biomacromolecules from human plasma by on-line coupled immunoaffinity chromatography-asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation (IAC-AsFlFFF). The on-line system was versatile, only different monoclonal antibodies, anti-apolipoprotein B-100, anti-CD9, or anti-CD61, were immobilized on monolithic disk columns for isolation of lipoproteins and extracellular vesicles (EVs). The platelet-derived CD61-positive EVs and CD9-positive EVs, isolated by IAC, were further fractionated by AsFlFFF to their size-based subpopulations (e.g., exomeres and exosomes) for further analysis. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy elucidated the morphology of the subpopulations, and 20 free amino acids and glucose in EV subpopulations were identified and quantified in the ng/mL range using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS). The study revealed that there were significant differences between EV origin and size-based subpopulations. The on-line coupled IAC-AsFlFFF system was successfully programmed for reliable execution of 10 sequential isolation and fractionation cycles (37–80 min per cycle) with minimal operator involvement, minimal sample losses, and contamination. The relative standard deviations (RSD) between the cycles for human plasma samples were 0.84–6.6%.
  • Thery, Clotilde; Witwer, Kenneth W.; Aikawa, Elena; Jose Alcaraz, Maria; Anderson, Johnathon D.; Andriantsitohaina, Ramaroson; Antoniou, Anna; Arab, Tanina; Archer, Fabienne; Atkin-Smith, Georgia K.; Ayre, D. Craig; Bach, Jean-Marie; Bachurski, Daniel; Baharvand, Hossein; Balaj, Leonora; Baldacchino, Shawn; Bauer, Natalie N.; Baxter, Amy A.; Bebawy, Mary; Beckham, Carla; Zavec, Apolonija Bedina; Benmoussa, Abderrahim; Berardi, Anna C.; Bergese, Paolo; Bielska, Ewa; Blenkiron, Cherie; Bobis-Wozowicz, Sylwia; Boilard, Eric; Boireau, Wilfrid; Bongiovanni, Antonella; Borras, Francesc E.; Bosch, Steffi; Boulanger, Chantal M.; Breakefield, Xandra; Breglio, Andrew M.; Brennan, Meadhbh A.; Brigstock, David R.; Brisson, Alain; Broekman, Marike L. D.; Bromberg, Jacqueline F.; Bryl-Gorecka, Paulina; Buch, Shilpa; Buck, Amy H.; Burger, Dylan; Busatto, Sara; Buschmann, Dominik; Bussolati, Benedetta; Buzas, Edit; Byrd, James Bryan; Camussi, Giovanni; Carter, David R. F.; Caruso, Sarah; Chamley, Lawrence W.; Chang, Yu-Ting; Chaudhuri, Amrita Datta; Chen, Chihchen; Chen, Shuai; Cheng, Lesley; Chin, Andrew R.; Clayton, Aled; Clerici, Stefano P.; Cocks, Alex; Cocucci, Emanuele; Coffey, Robert J.; Cordeiro-da-Silva, Anabela; Couch, Yvonne; Coumans, Frank A. W.; Coyle, Beth; Crescitelli, Rossella; Criado, Miria Ferreira; D'Souza-Schorey, Crislyn; Das, Saumya; de Candia, Paola; De Santana Junior, Eliezer F.; De Wever, Olivier; del Portillo, Hernando A.; Demaret, Tanguy; Deville, Sarah; Devitt, Andrew; Dhondt, Bert; Di Vizio, Dolores; Dieterich, Lothar C.; Dolo, Vincenza; Dominguez Rubio, Ana Paula; Dominici, Massimo; Dourado, Mauricio R.; Driedonks, Tom A. P.; Duarte, Filipe; Duncan, Heather M.; Eichenberger, Ramon M.; Ekstrom, Karin; Andaloussi, Samir E. L.; Elie-Caille, Celine; Erdbrugger, Uta; Falcon-Perez, Juan M.; Fatima, Farah; Fish, Jason E.; Flores-Bellver, Miguel; Forsonits, Andras; Frelet-Barrand, Annie; Fricke, Fabia; Fuhrmann, Gregor; Gabrielsson, Susanne; Gamez-Valero, Ana; Gardiner, Chris; Gaertner, Kathrin; Gaudin, Raphael; Gho, Yong Song; Giebel, Bernd; Gilbert, Caroline; Gimona, Mario; Giusti, Ilaria; Goberdhan, Deborah C.; Goergens, Andre; Gorski, Sharon M.; Greening, David W.; Gross, Julia Christina; Gualerzi, Alice; Gupta, Gopal N.; Gustafson, Dakota; Handberg, Aase; Haraszti, Reka A.; Harrison, Paul; Hegyesi, Hargita; Hendrix, An; Hill, Andrew F.; Hochberg, Fred H.; Hoffmann, Karl F.; Holder, Beth; Holthofer, Harry; Hosseinkhani, Baharak; Hu, Guoku; Huang, Yiyao; Huber, Veronica; Hunt, Stuart; Ibrahim, Ahmed Gamal-Eldin; Ikezu, Tsuneya; Inal, Jameel M.; Isin, Mustafa; Ivanova, Alena; Jackson, Hannah K.; Jacobsen, Soren; Jay, Steven M.; Jayachandran, Muthuvel; Jenster, Guido; Jiang, Lanzhou; Johnson, Suzanne M.; Jones, Jennifer C.; Jong, Ambrose; Jovanovic-Talisman, Tijana; Jung, Stephanie; Kalluri, Raghu; Kano, Shin-ichi; Kaur, Sukhbir; Kawamura, Yumi; Keller, Evan T.; Khamari, Delaram; Khomyakova, Elena; Khvorova, Anastasia; Kierulf, Peter; Kim, Kwang Pyo; Kislinger, Thomas; Klingeborn, Mikael; Klinke, David J.; Kornek, Miroslaw; Kosanovic, Maja M.; Kovacs, Arpad Ferenc; Kraemer-Albers, Eva-Maria; Krasemann, Susanne; Krause, Mirja; Kurochkin, Igor; Kusuma, Gina D.; Kuypers, Soren; Laitinen, Saara; Langevin, Scott M.; Languino, Lucia R.; Lannigan, Joanne; Lasser, Cecilia; Laurent, Louise C.; Lavieu, Gregory; Lazaro-Ibanez, Elisa; Le Lay, Soazig; Lee, Myung-Shin; Lee, Yi Xin Fiona; Lemos, Debora S.; Lenassi, Metka; Leszczynska, Aleksandra; Li, Isaac T. S.; Liao, Ke; Libregts, Sten F.; Ligeti, Erzsebet; Lim, Rebecca; Lim, Sai Kiang; Line, Aija; Linnemannstoens, Karen; Llorente, Alicia; Lombard, Catherine A.; Lorenowicz, Magdalena J.; Lorincz, Akos M.; Lotvall, Jan; Lovett, Jason; Lowry, Michelle C.; Loyer, Xavier; Lu, Quan; Lukomska, Barbara; Lunavat, Taral R.; Maas, Sybren L. N.; Malhi, Harmeet; Marcilla, Antonio; Mariani, Jacopo; Mariscal, Javier; Martens-Uzunova, Elena S.; Martin-Jaular, Lorena; Martinez, M. Carmen; Martins, Vilma Regina; Mathieu, Mathilde; Mathivanan, Suresh; Maugeri, Marco; McGinnis, Lynda K.; McVey, Mark J.; Meckes, David G.; Meehan, Katie L.; Mertens, Inge; Minciacchi, Valentina R.; Moller, Andreas; Jorgensen, Malene Moller; Morales-Kastresana, Aizea; Morhayim, Jess; Mullier, Francois; Muraca, Maurizio; Musante, Luca; Mussack, Veronika; Muth, Dillon C.; Myburgh, Kathryn H.; Najrana, Tanbir; Nawaz, Muhammad; Nazarenko, Irina; Nejsum, Peter; Neri, Christian; Neri, Tommaso; Nieuwland, Rienk; Nimrichter, Leonardo; Nolan, John P.; Hoen, Esther N. M. Nolte-'t; Hooten, Nicole Noren; O'Driscoll, Lorraine; O'Grady, Tina; O'Loghlen, Ana; Ochiya, Takahiro; Olivier, Martin; Ortiz, Alberto; Ortiz, Luis A.; Osteikoetxea, Xabier; Ostegaard, Ole; Ostrowski, Matias; Park, Jaesung; Pegtel, D. Michiel; Peinado, Hector; Perut, Francesca; Pfaffl, Michael W.; Phinney, Donald G.; Pieters, Bartijn C. H.; Pink, Ryan C.; Pisetsky, David S.; von Strandmann, Elke Pogge; Polakovicova, Iva; Poon, Ivan K. H.; Powell, Bonita H.; Prada, Ilaria; Pulliam, Lynn; Quesenberry, Peter; Radeghieri, Annalisa; Raffai, Robert L.; Raimondo, Stefania; Rak, Janusz; Ramirez, Marcel; Raposo, Graca; Rayyan, Morsi S.; Regev-Rudzki, Neta; Ricklefs, Franz L.; Robbins, Paul D.; Roberts, David D.; Rodrigues, Silvia C.; Rohde, Eva; Rome, Sophie; Rouschop, Kasper M. A.; Rughetti, Aurelia; Russell, Ashley E.; Saa, Paula; Sahoo, Susmita; Salas-Huenuleo, Edison; Sanchez, Catherine; Saugstad, Julie A.; Saul, Meike J.; Schiffelers, Raymond M.; Schneider, Raphael; Schoyen, Tine Hiorth; Scott, Aaron; Shahaj, Eriomina; Sharma, Shivani; Shatnyeva, Olga; Shekari, Faezeh; Shelke, Ganesh Vilas; Shetty, Ashok K.; Shiba, Kiyotaka; Siljander, Pia R-M; Silva, Andreia M.; Skowronek, Agata; Snyder, Orman L.; Soares, Rodrigo Pedro; Sodar, Barbara W.; Soekmadji, Carolina; Sotillo, Javier; Stahl, Philip D.; Stoorvogel, Willem; Stott, Shannon L.; Strasser, Erwin F.; Swift, Simon; Tahara, Hidetoshi; Tewari, Muneesh; Timms, Kate; Tiwari, Swasti; Tixeira, Rochelle; Tkach, Mercedes; Toh, Wei Seong; Tomasini, Richard; Torrecilhas, Ana Claudia; Pablo Tosar, Juan; Toxavidis, Vasilis; Urbanelli, Lorena; Vader, Pieter; van Balkom, Bas W. M.; van der Grein, Susanne G.; Van Deun, Jan; van Herwijnen, Martijn J. C.; Van Keuren-Jensen, Kendall; van Niel, Guillaume; van Royen, Martin E.; van Wijnen, Andre J.; Helena Vasconcelos, M.; Vechetti, Ivan J.; Veit, Tiago D.; Vella, Laura J.; Velot, Emilie; Verweij, Frederik J.; Vestad, Beate; Vinas, Jose L.; Visnovitz, Tamas; Vukman, Krisztina V.; Wahlgren, Jessica; Watson, Dionysios C.; Wauben, Marca H. M.; Weaver, Alissa; Webber, Jason P.; Weber, Viktoria; Wehman, Ann M.; Weiss, Daniel J.; Welsh, Joshua A.; Wendt, Sebastian; Wheelock, Asa M.; Wiener, Zoltan; Witte, Leonie; Wolfram, Joy; Xagorari, Angeliki; Xander, Patricia; Xu, Jing; Yan, Xiaomei; Yanez-Mo, Maria; Yin, Hang; Yuana, Yuana; Zappulli, Valentina; Zarubova, Jana; Zekas, Vytautas; Zhang, Jian-ye; Zhao, Zezhou; Zheng, Lei; Zheutlin, Alexander R.; Zickler, Antje M.; Zimmermann, Pascale; Zivkovic, Angela M.; Zocco, Davide; Zuba-Surma, Ewa K. (2018)
    The last decade has seen a sharp increase in the number of scientific publications describing physiological and pathological functions of extracellular vesicles (EVs), a collective term covering various subtypes of cell-released, membranous structures, called exosomes, microvesicles, microparticles, ectosomes, oncosomes, apoptotic bodies, and many other names. However, specific issues arise when working with these entities, whose size and amount often make them difficult to obtain as relatively pure preparations, and to characterize properly. The International Society for Extracellular Vesicles (ISEV) proposed Minimal Information for Studies of Extracellular Vesicles ("MISEV") guidelines for the field in 2014. We now update these "MISEV2014" guidelines based on evolution of the collective knowledge in the last four years. An important point to consider is that ascribing a specific function to EVs in general, or to subtypes of EVs, requires reporting of specific information beyond mere description of function in a crude, potentially contaminated, and heterogeneous preparation. For example, claims that exosomes are endowed with exquisite and specific activities remain difficult to support experimentally, given our still limited knowledge of their specific molecular machineries of biogenesis and release, as compared with other biophysically similar EVs. The MISEV2018 guidelines include tables and outlines of suggested protocols and steps to follow to document specific EV-associated functional activities. Finally, a checklist is provided with summaries of key points.
  • Liangsupree, Thanaporn; Multia, Evgen; Riekkola, Marja-Liisa (2021)
    Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are heterogenous membrane-bound vesicles released from various origins. EVs play a crucial role in cellular communication and mediate several physiological and pathological processes, highlighting their potential therapeutic and diagnostic applications. Due to the rapid increase in interests and needs to elucidate EV properties and functions, numerous isolation and separation approaches for EVs have been developed to overcome limitations of conventional techniques, such as ultracentrifugation. This review focuses on recently emerging and modern EV isolation and separation techniques, including size-, charge-, and affinity-based techniques while excluding ultracentrifugation and precipitation-based techniques due to their multiple limitations. The advantages and drawbacks of each technique are discussed together with insights into their applications. Emerging approaches all share similar features in terms of being time-effective, easy-to-operate, and capable of providing EVs with suitable and desirable purity and integrity for applications of interest. Combination and hyphenation of techniques have been used for EV isolation and separation to yield EVs with the best quality. The most recent development using an automated on-line system including selective affinity-based trapping unit and asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation allows reliable isolation and fractionation of EV subpopulations from human plasma. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • Ma, Pei Lian; Lavertu, Marc; Winnik, Francoise M.; Buschmann, Michael D. (2017)
    The stability of DNA/chitosan complexes upon exposure to hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate, and heparin, was assessed by fluorescence spectroscopy to quantify DNA release. Only the highly charged heparin was found to release DNA from the complexes. Complex stability upon exposure to heparin increased with the degree of deacetylation and molecular weight of chitosan and with the ratio of chitosan amino groups to DNA phosphate groups (N/P ratio) in the complexes. Isothermal titration microcalorimetry revealed that among polyanions tested, only heparin has a binding affinity to chitosan approaching that of DNA and can therefore release DNA from the complexes. These results also indicate that anionic components with sufficiently high charge density can induce extracellular or intracellular release of DNA, the former negatively affecting delivery efficiency while the latter is required for gene transfer to occur. Our findings also suggest that increased N/P ratio of the complexes can play an important role in preventing premature dissociation of DNA/polycation complexes upon interaction with anionic components in extracellular milieu. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.