Browsing by Subject "FINNISH MEN"

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  • Wurtz, Peter; Cook, Sarah; Wang, Qin; Tiainen, Mika; Tynkkynen, Tuulia; Kangas, Antti J.; Soininen, Pasi; Laitinen, Jaana; Viikari, Jorma; Kahonen, Mika; Lehtimaki, Terho; Perola, Markus; Blankenberg, Stefan; Zeller, Tanja; Mannisto, Satu; Salomaa, Veikko; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Raitakari, Olli T.; Ala-Korpela, Mika; Leon, David A. (2016)
    Background: High alcohol consumption is a major cause of morbidity, yet alcohol is associated with both favourable and adverse effects on cardiometabolic risk markers. We aimed to characterize the associations of usual alcohol consumption with a comprehensive systemic metabolite profile in young adults. Methods: Cross-sectional associations of alcohol intake with 86 metabolic measures were assessed for 9778 individuals from three population-based cohorts from Finland (age 24-45 years, 52% women). Metabolic changes associated with change in alcohol intake during 6-year follow-up were further examined for 1466 individuals. Alcohol intake was assessed by questionnaires. Circulating lipids, fatty acids and metabolites were quantified by high-throughput nuclear magnetic resonance metabolomics and biochemical assays. Results: Increased alcohol intake was associated with cardiometabolic risk markers across multiple metabolic pathways, including higher lipid concentrations in HDL subclasses and smaller LDL particle size, increased proportions of monounsaturated fatty acids and decreased proportion of omega-6 fatty acids, lower concentrations of glutamine and citrate (P<0.001 for 56 metabolic measures). Many metabolic biomarkers displayed U-shaped associations with alcohol consumption. Results were coherent for men and women, consistent across the three cohorts and similar if adjusting for body mass index, smoking and physical activity. The metabolic changes accompanying change in alcohol intake during follow-up resembled the cross-sectional association pattern (R-2 = 0.83, slope = 0.7260.04). Conclusions: Alcohol consumption is associated with a complex metabolic signature, including aberrations in multiple biomarkers for elevated cardiometabolic risk. The metabolic signature tracks with long-term changes in alcohol consumption. These results elucidate the double-edged effects of alcohol on cardiovascular risk.
  • Toch-Marquardt, Marlen; Menvielle, Gwenn; Eikemo, Terje A.; Kulhanova, Ivana; Kulik, Margarete C.; Bopp, Matthias; Esnaola, Santiago; Jasilionis, Domantas; Maki, Netta; Martikainen, Pekka; Regidor, Enrique; Lundberg, Olle; Mackenbach, Johan P.; EURO-GBD-SE Consortium (2014)
  • Junna, Liina; Moustgaard, Heta; Martikainen, Pekka (2021)
    Aims To assess the importance of health selection in the association between unemployment and alcohol-related mortality by comparing mortalities of those unemployed from workplaces experiencing different levels of downsizing. The more severe the downsizing, the less dependent unemployment would be on personal characteristics and the weaker the role of health selection. Design We estimated hazards models of unemployment on alcohol-related diseases and poisonings and external causes with alcohol as a contributing cause over follow-ups of 0-5, 6-10 and 11-20 years and at different levels of downsizing (stable, downsized or closed). Setting Finland, 1990 to 2009. Participants A register-based random sample of employees aged 25-63 in privately owned workplaces (n = 275 738). Measurements The outcome was alcohol-related death and the exposure was unemployment. We adjusted for age, sex, year, education, marital status, health status, workplace tenure, industry, region and unemployment rate. Findings Alcohol-disease mortality was elevated among the unemployed throughout the follow-up, regardless of the level of downsizing. At 11-20 years after baseline, those unemployed from stable workplaces had a 2.46 hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.14-2.82), those from downsized workplaces 1.94 (95% CI = 1.64-2.30) and those from closed workplaces 2.13 (95% CI = 1.75-2.59), when compared with the controls. Alcohol-related external-cause mortality at 0-5 years follow-up was only associated with unemployment from stable workplaces (HR = 1.39, 95% CI = 1.22-1.58), but over time, an association emerged among those unemployed following downsizing and closure. At 11-20-year follow-up, the HR following downsizing was 1.83 (CI 95% = 1.37-2.45) and 1.54 (95% CI = 1.03-2.28) following closure. Conclusions There is some indication that alcohol-related ill-health may lead to unemployment in Finland. However, the persistent long-term association between unemployment and alcohol-related mortality even after workplace closure may imply a causal relation.