Browsing by Subject "Feasibility Studies"

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  • Vainio, Tuomas J V; Mäkelä, Teemu Olavi; Savolainen, Sauli; Kangasniemi, Marko Matti (2021)
    Background Chronic pulmonary embolism (CPE) is a life-threatening disease easily misdiagnosed on computed tomography. We investigated a three-dimensional convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithm for detecting hypoperfusion in CPE from computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA). Methods Preoperative CTPA of 25 patients with CPE and 25 without pulmonary embolism were selected. We applied a 48%-12%-40% training-validation-testing split (12 positive and 12 negative CTPA volumes for training, 3 positives and 3 negatives for validation, 10 positives and 10 negatives for testing). The median number of axial images per CTPA was 335 (min-max, 111-570). Expert manual segmentations were used as training and testing targets. The CNN output was compared to a method in which a Hounsfield unit (HU) threshold was used to detect hypoperfusion. Receiver operating characteristic area under the curve (AUC) and Matthew correlation coefficient (MCC) were calculated with their 95% confidence interval (CI). Results The predicted segmentations of CNN showed AUC 0.87 (95% CI 0.82-0.91), those of HU-threshold method 0.79 (95% CI 0.74-0.84). The optimal global threshold values were CNN output probability >= 0.37 and