Browsing by Subject "Feline"

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  • Yu, Yoshihiko; Creighton, Erica K.; Buckley, Reuben M.; Lyons, Leslie A.; Buckley, Reuben M.; Aberdein, Danielle; Alves, Paulo C.; Barsh, Gregory S.; Bellone, Rebecca R.; Bergström, Tomas F.; Boyko, Adam R.; Brockman, Jeffrey A.; Casal, Margret L.; Castelhano, Marta G.; Distl, Ottmar; Dodman, Nicholas H.; Ellinwood, N. Matthew; Fogle, Jonathan E.; Forman, Oliver P.; Garrick, Dorian J.; Ginns, Edward I.; Häggström, Jens; Harvey, Robert J.; Hasegawa, Daisuke; Haase, Bianca; Helps, Christopher R.; Hernandez, Isabel; Hytönen, Marjo K.; Kaukonen, Maria; Kaelin, Christopher B.; Kosho, Tomoki; Leclerc, Emilie; Lear, Teri L.; Leeb, Tosso; Li, Ronald H.L.; Lohi, Hannes; Longeri, Maria; Magnuson, Mark A.; Malik, Richard; Mane, Shrinivasrao P.; Munday, John S.; Murphy, William J.; Pedersen, Niels C.; Peterson-Jones, Simon M.; Rothschild, Max F.; Rusbridge, Clare; Shapiro, Beth; Stern, Joshua A.; Swanson, William F.; Terio, Karen A.; Todhunter, Rory J.; Warren, Wesley C.; Wilcox, Elizabeth A.; Wildschutte, Julia H.; Yu, Yoshihiko; Lyons, Leslie A. (2020)
    An inherited neurologic syndrome in a family of mixed-breed Oriental cats has been characterized as forebrain commissural malformation, concurrent with ventriculomegaly and interhemispheric cysts. However, the genetic basis for this autosomal recessive syndrome in cats is unknown. Forty-three cats were genotyped on the Illumina Infinium Feline 63K iSelect DNA Array and used for analyses. Genome-wide association studies, including a sib-transmission disequilibrium test and a case-control association analysis, and homozygosity mapping, identified a critical region on cat chromosome A3. Short-read whole genome sequencing was completed for a cat trio segregating with the syndrome. A homozygous 7 bp deletion in growth differentiation factor 7 (GDF7) (c.221_227delGCCGCGC [p.Arg74Profs]) was identified in affected cats, by comparison to the 99 Lives Cat variant dataset, validated using Sanger sequencing and genotyped by fragment analyses. This variant was not identified in 192 unaffected cats in the 99 Lives dataset. The variant segregated concordantly in an extended pedigree. In mice, GDF7 mRNA is expressed within the roof plate when commissural axons initiate ventrally-directed growth. This finding emphasized the importance of GDF7 in the neurodevelopmental process in the mammalian brain. A genetic test can be developed for use by cat breeders to eradicate this variant.
  • Watson, Victoria E.; Jacob, Megan E.; Bruno-Bárcena, José M.; Amirsultan, Sophia; Stauffer, Stephen H.; Píqueras, Victoria O.; Frias, Rafael; Gookin, Jody L. (2019)
    Typical enteropathogenic E. coli (tEPEC) carries the highest hazard of death in children with diarrhea and atypical EPEC (aEPEC) was recently identified as significantly associated with diarrheal mortality in kittens. In both children and kittens there is a significant association between aEPEC burden and diarrheal disease, however the infection can be found in individuals with and without diarrhea. It remains unclear to what extent, under what conditions, or by what mechanisms aEPEC serves as a primary pathogen in individuals with diarrhea. It seems likely that a combination of host and bacterial factors enable aEPEC to cause disease in some individuals and not in others. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of aEPEC on intestinal function and diarrhea in kittens following experimentally-induced carriage and the influence of a disrupted intestinal microbiota on disease susceptibility. Results of this study identify aEPEC as a potential pathogen in kittens. In the absence of disruption to the intestinal microbiota, kittens are resistant to clinical signs of aEPEC carriage but demonstrate significant occult changes in intestinal absorption and permeability. Antibiotic-induced disruption of the intestinal microbiota prior to infection increases subsequent intestinal water loss as determined by % fecal wet weight. Enrichment of the intestinal microbiota with a commensal member of the feline mucosa-associated microbiota, Enterococcus hirae, ameliorated the effects of aEPEC experimental infection on intestinal function and water loss. These observations begin to unravel the mechanisms by which aEPEC infection may be able to exploit susceptible hosts.
  • Mauler, D. A.; Gandolfi, B.; Reinero, C. R.; O'Brien, D. P.; Spooner, J. L.; Lyons, L. A.; 99 Lives Consortium; Lohi, Hannes (2017)
    State-of-the-art health care includes genome sequencing of the patient to identify genetic variants that contribute to either the cause of their malady or variants that can be targeted to improve treatment. The goal was to introduce state-of-the-art health care to cats using genomics and a precision medicine approach. To test the feasibility of a precision medicine approach in domestic cats, a single cat that presented to the University of Missouri, Veterinary Health Center with an undiagnosed neurologic disease was whole-genome sequenced. The DNA variants from the cat were compared to the DNA variant database produced by the 99 Lives Cat Genome Sequencing Consortium. Approximately 259 genomic coverage was produced for the cat. A predicted p.H441P missense mutation was identified in NPC1, the gene causing Niemann-Pick type C1 on cat chromosome D3.47456793 caused by an adenine-to-cytosine transversion, c.1322A>C. The cat was homozygous for the variant. The variant was not identified in any other 73 domestic and 9 wild felids in the sequence database or 190 additionally genotyped cats of various breeds. The successful effort suggested precision medicine is feasible for cats and other undiagnosed cats may benefit from a genomic analysis approach. The 99 Lives DNA variant database was sufficient but would benefit from additional cat sequences. Other cats with the mutation may be identified and could be introduced as a new biomedical model for NPC1. A genetic test could eliminate the disease variant from the population.
  • Saari, Seppo; Schildt, Kirsti; Malkamäki, Sanna; Andersin, Ulla; Sukura, Antti (2021)
    Background Caryospora bigenetica is an intracellular protozoan parasite, which in its primary hosts, typically snakes, is found it the intestine. Extraintestinal multiplication with the development of tissue cysts takes place in secondary hosts, which are normally prey for snakes. Natural infection in domestic animals has been reported only in dogs; this is the first report of C. bigenetica infection in a cat. Case presentation A stray kitten developed nodular dermatitis after being adopted by a shelter. Firm swelling, nodules, and crusts were present mainly on the nasal bridge, eyelids, and pinnae. Histopathology and cytology revealed severe pyogranulomatous inflammation with abundant intracellular organisms suggestive of apicomplexan protozoa. Treatment with clindamycin 13 mg/kg twice daily was initiated, but the cat was euthanized because of the worsening condition. Transmission electron microscopy confirmed parasite's apicomplexan origin postmortem, and the causative agent was identified as C. bigenetica by polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing. Conclusions We present the first case of a naturally occurring infection with C. bigenetica in a cat. Although the definitive etiological diagnosis relied on molecular identification, the abundance of unsporulated oocysts and caryocysts and the parasite's effective reproduction within macrophages and in several other cell types might have enabled differentiation from other protozoal infections and allowed a presumptive diagnosis through cytology and histopathology.