Browsing by Subject "GENE FAMILY"

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  • Kurokura, Takeshi; Samad, Samia; Koskela, Elli; Mouhu, Katriina; Hytonen, Timo (2017)
    According to the external coincidence model, photoperiodic flowering occurs when CONSTANS ( CO) mRNA expression coincides with light in the afternoon of long days (LDs), leading to the activation of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT). CO has evolved in Brassicaceae from other Group Ia CO-like (COL) proteins which do not control photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis. COLs in other species have evolved different functions as floral activators or even as repressors. To understand photoperiodic development in the perennial rosaceous model species woodland strawberry, we functionally characterized FvCO, the only Group Ia COL in its genome. We demonstrate that FvCO has a major role in the photoperiodic control of flowering and vegetative reproduction through runners. FvCO is needed to generate a bimodal rhythm of FvFT1 which encodes a floral activator in the LD accession Hawaii-4: a sharp FvCO expression peak at dawn is followed by the FvFT1 morning peak in LDs indicating possible direct regulation, but additional factors that may include FvGI and FvFKF1 are probably needed to schedule the second FvFT1 peak around dusk. These results demonstrate that although FvCO and FvFT1 play major roles in photoperiodic development, the CO-based external coincidence around dusk is not fully applicable to the woodland strawberry.
  • Bromann, K.; Viljanen, K.; Moreira, V. M.; Yli-Kauhaluoma, J.; Ruohonen, L.; Nakari-Setälä, T. (2014)
  • Kaprio, Tuomas; Hagstrom, Jaana; Mustonen, Harri; Koskensalo, Selja; Andersson, Leif C.; Haglund, Caj (2014)
  • Smit, Margot E.; Llavata-Peris, Cristina; Roosjen, Mark; van Beijnum, Henriette; Novikova, Daria; Levitsky, Victor; Sevilem, Iris; Roszak, Pawel; Slane, Daniel; Juergens, Gerd; Mironova, Victoria; Brady, Siobhan M.; Weijers, Dolf (2020)
    Development of plant vascular tissues involves tissue identity specification, growth, pattern formation and cell-type differentiation. Although later developmental steps are understood in some detail, it is still largely unknown how the tissue is initially specified. We used the early Arabidopsis embryo as a simple model to study this process. Using a large collection of marker genes, we found that vascular identity was specified in the 16-cell embryo. After a transient precursor state, however, there was no persistent uniform tissue identity. Auxin is intimately connected to vascular tissue development. We found that, although an AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR5/MONOPTEROS (ARF5/MP)-dependent auxin response was required, it was not sufficient for tissue specification. We therefore used a large-scale enhanced yeast one-hybrid assay to identify potential regulators of vascular identity. Network and functional analysis of candidate regulators suggest that vascular identity is under robust, complex control. We found that one candidate regulator, the G-class bZIP transcription factor GBF2, can modulate vascular gene expression by tuning MP output through direct interaction. Our work uncovers components of a gene regulatory network that controls the initial specification of vascular tissue identity.