Browsing by Subject "Gastritis"

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  • Ristikankare, Matti; Ristimäki, Ari (2017)
    Gastroskopian yhteydessä otetaan yleensä koepaloja. Yleislääkärin tulee tuntea premalignit, seurantaa vaativat histologiset löydökset. Dysplasialöydös tai sen epäily vaatii yleensä seurantaa tai jatkotoimenpiteitä. Barrettin ruokatorvi ja atrofinen gastriitti voivat olla premaligneja tiloja. Länsimaissa ei kuitenkaan ole saatu vakuuttavaa näyttöä niiden seurannan hyödyllisyydestä.
  • Helin, Noora; Kolho, Kaija-Leena; Rintala, Risto; Merras-Salmio, Laura (2020)
    Abstract Aim This study estimated the diagnostic yield of oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD) in young children with non-acute, non-specific gastrointestinal or respiratory symptoms who were treated by a Finnish tertiary level referral centre. Methods A retrospective chart analysis was performed on 1850 Finnish children under seven years of age who underwent their first diagnostic OGDs at Helsinki University Hospital during 2006-2016. We noted the endoscopy indications, macroscopic findings, the histology of the mucosal biopsies and the follow-up data. Results After the exclusion criteria were applied, we enrolled 666 patients (57.7% boys) at a median age of 3.5 years. The number of children with non-specific symptoms referred for OGD increased 2.3-fold in 11 years. A routine set of biopsies was obtained in 644/666 (96.7%) of the endoscopies. The OGD was both macroscopically and histologically normal in 519/644 (80.6%) of cases. The most common indication was to rule out gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in 268/666 (40.2%) cases and the most frequent histological diagnosis was mild to moderate oesophagitis in 57/644 (8.9%) cases. There was no erosive oesophagitis. Conclusion The diagnostic yield of macroscopic and histological OGD findings was low in our cohort. Unless there are alarming symptoms, younger children do not need OGD.