Browsing by Subject "H-3"

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  • Abdurakhmanova, Shamsiiat; Semenova, Svetlana; Piepponen, T. Petteri; Panula, Pertti (2019)
    Hypothalamic histaminergic neurons regulate a variety of homeostatic, metabolic and cognitive functions. Recent data have suggested a modulatory role of histamine and histamine receptors in shaping striatal activity and connected the histaminergic system to neuropsychiatric disorders. We characterized exploratory behavior and striatal neurotransmission in mice lacking the histamine producing enzyme histidine decarboxylase (Hdc). The mutant mice showed a distinct behavioral pattern during exploration of novel environment, specifically, increased frequency of rearing seated against the wall, jumping and head/body shakes. This behavioral phenotype was associated with decreased levels of striatal dopamine and serotonin and increased level of dopamine metabolite DOPAC. Gene expression levels of dynorphin and enkephalin, opioids released by medium spiny neurons of striatal direct and indirect pathways respectively, were lower in Hdc mutant mice than in control animals. A low dose of amphetamine led to similar behavioral and biochemical outcomes in both genotypes. Increased striatal dopamine turnover was observed in Hdc KO mice after treatment with dopamine precursor l-Dopa. Overall, our study suggests a role for striatal dopamine and opioid peptides in formation of distinct behavioral phenotype of Hdc KO mice.
  • Aromaa, H.; Helariutta, K.; Ikonen, J.; Yli-Kaila, M.; Koskinen, L.; Siitari-Kauppi, M. (2018)
    A method for analyzing H-3, Cl-36, Na-22, Ba-133 and Cs-134 from simulated groundwater (SGW) samples was introduced. Gamma emitting radionuclides Na-22, Ba-133 and Cs-134 were measured by using an HPGe-detector. Beta emitting H-3 and Cl-36 were separated from gamma emitting Na-22, Ba-133 and Cs-134. AgCl precipitation was used for the separation of Cl-36 from SGW samples with yields of 98 +/- 2%. H-3 was separated by distillation with recoveries of 97 +/- 3%. This method was used for the determination of activity concentrations of H-3, Cl-36, Na-22, Ba-133 and Cs-134 in SGW samples collected from an in situ through diffusion experiment.
  • Leskinen, Anumaija; Gautier, Celine; Räty, Antti; Kekki, Tommi; Laporte, Elodie; Giuliani, Margaux; Bubendorff, Jacques; Laurila, Julia Pauliina; Kurhela, Kristian Otto Aleksi; Fichet, Pascal; Salminen-Paatero, Susanna (2021)
    This paper reports the results obtained in a Nordic Nuclear Safety Research project during the second intercomparison exercise for the determination of difficult to measure radionuclides in decommissioning waste. Eight laboratories participated by carrying out radiochemical analysis of H-3, C-14, Cl-36, Ca-41, Fe-55 and Ni-63 in an activated concrete. In addition, gamma emitters, namely Eu-152 and Co-60, were analysed. The assigned values were derived from the submitted results according to ISO 13,528 standard and the performance assessments were determined using z scores. The measured results were compared with activation calculation result showing varying degree of comparability.
  • Querfeld, Rebecca; Pasi, Anna-Elina; Shozugawa, Katsumi; Vockenhuber, Christof; Synal, Hans-Arno; Steier, Peter; Steinhauser, Georg (2019)
    Following the Fukushima nuclear accident (2011), radionuclides mostly of volatile elements (e.g., 131I, 134,137Cs, 132Te) have been investigated frequently for their presence in the atmosphere, pedosphere, biosphere, and the Pacific Ocean. Smaller releases of radionuclides with intermediate volatility, (e.g., 90Sr), have been reported for soil. However, few reports have been published which targeted the contamination of surface (fresh) waters in Japan soon after the accident. In the present study, 10 surface water samples (collected on April 10, 2011) have been screened for their radionuclide content (3H, 90Sr, 129I, 134Cs, and 137Cs), revealing partly unusually high contamination levels. Especially high tritium levels (184 ± 2 Bq·L−1; the highest levels ever reported in scientific literature after Fukushima) were found in a puddle water sample from close to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. The ratios between paddy/puddle water from one location only a few meters apart vary around 1% for 134Cs, 12% for 129I (131I), and around 40% for both 3H and 90Sr. This illustrates the adsorption of radiocesium on natural minerals and radioiodine on organic substances (in the rice paddy), whereas the concentration differences of 3H and 90Sr between the two waters are mainly dilution driven.