Browsing by Subject "HEALTH-ORGANIZATION CLASSIFICATION"

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  • Choque-Velasquez, Joham; Resendiz-Nieves, Julio C.; Jahromi, Behnam Rezai; Colasanti, Roberto; Raj, Rahul; Tynninen, Olli; Collan, Juhani; Hernesniemi, Juha (2019)
    BACKGROUND: Pineal parenchymal tumors of intermediate differentiation (PPTIDs) are rare lesions with particular features compared with other pineal parenchymal tumors. METHODS: We present a retrospective review of patients with histologically confirmed PPTIDs who were operated on in our department between 1997 and 2015. A demographic analysis and an evaluation of preoperative status, surgical treatment, as well as immediate and long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes were conducted. RESULTS: Fifteen patients with PPTIDs were operated on between 1997 and 2015. Gross total removal was achieved in 11 cases; 2 patients underwent near-total resection, 1 partial resection, and 1 received brachytherapy after an endoscopic biopsy. Nine patients required external radiation therapy (4 due to a pleomorphic histology of their lesion including pineoblastoma features in 3 of them; 3 after a subtotal resection; and 2 for tumor recurrence). No patient received chemotherapy. The survival rate of our patients was 57.1% at a mean follow-up of 137.2 +/- 77.6 months (39-248 months). CONCLUSIONS: A proper multidisciplinary management of PPTIDs based on a gross total removal of the lesion, and an adjuvant radiotherapy in selected cases, may improve the overall survival of these aggressive tumors.
  • Choque-Velasquez, Joham; Resendiz-Nieves, Julio C.; Jahromi, Behnam Rezai; Colasanti, Roberto; Tynninen, Olli; Collan, Juhani; Niemelä, Mika; Hernesniemi, Juha (2019)
    Background Pineoblastomas are very rare malignant lesions with a bad prognosis and high mortality during the first five years from diagnosis. Report of cases We present a retrospective review of three patients with histologically confirmed pineoblastomas consecutively operated on between 1997 and 2015. One of our patients died >14 years after surgery, and the other 2 patients are still alive and in good condition without recurrence of the disease >12 years after surgery. All of them underwent gross total resection and craniospinal radiotherapy. Individualized scheme of chemotherapy was administered in two cases. The cornerstones for the surgical resection of pineoblastomas are reported. Conclusions A proper multidisciplinary management of pineoblastomas, which associates gross total microsurgical resection of the lesion and an adjuvant therapy determined by our neurooncology team based on accurate craniospinal adjuvant radiotherapy with boost of radiation on the tumoral bed, and when needed, an adequate but aggressive medulloblastoma-like chemotherapy, may improve the overall survival of these malignant lesions.