Browsing by Subject "HEALTH-STATUS"

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  • Multanen, Juhani; Honkanen, Mikko; Häkkinen, Arja; Kiviranta, Ilkka (2018)
    Background: The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) is a commonly used knee assessment and outcome tool in both clinical work and research. However, it has not been formally translated and validated in Finnish. The purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the KOOS questionnaire into Finnish and to determine its validity and reliability among Finnish middle-aged patients with knee injuries. Methods: KOOS was translated and culturally adapted from English into Finnish. Subsequently, 59 patients with knee injuries completed the Finnish version of KOOS, Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and Numeric Pain Rating Scale (Pain-NRS). The same KOOS questionnaire was re-administered 2 weeks later. Psychometric assessment of the Finnish KOOS was performed by testing its construct validity and reliability by using internal consistency, test-retest reliability and measurement error. The floor and ceiling effects were also examined. Results: The cross-cultural adaptation revealed only minor cultural differences and was well received by the patients. For construct validity, high to moderate Spearman's Correlation Coefficients were found between the KOOS subscales and the WOMAC, SF-36, and Pain-NRS subscales. The Cronbach's alpha was from 0.79 to 0.96 for all subscales indicating acceptable internal consistency. The test-retest reliability was good to excellent, with Intraclass Correlation Coefficients ranging from 0.73 to 0.86 for all KOOS subscales. The minimal detectable change ranged from 17 to 34 on an individual level and from 2 to 4 on a group level. No floor or ceiling effects were observed. Conclusion: This study yielded an appropriately translated and culturally adapted Finnish version of KOOS which demonstrated good validity and reliability. Our data indicate that the Finnish version of KOOS is suitable for assessment of the knee status of Finnish patients with different knee complaints. Further studies are needed to evaluate the predictive ability of KOOS in the Finnish population.
  • Laakso, Juha T.; Silvola, Juha; Hirvonen, Timo; Suutarla, Samuli; Kivekäs, Ilkka; Saarinen, Riitta; Haavisto, Lotta; Laitakari, Jaakko; Aarnisalo, Antti A.; Dietz, Aarno; Jero, Jussi; Hytönen, Maija; Sinkkonen, Saku T. (2021)
    Purpose: An important outcome measure of patient care is the impact on the patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Current ear-specific HRQoL instruments are designed for one diagnosis and emphasize different subdivisions such as symptoms, hearing problems, psychosocial impact, and the need for care. The optimal length of the recall period has not been studied. For these reasons, a new survey is needed that would cover most chronic ear diseases. Methods: A preliminary 24-item survey (EOS-24) was created. Untreated adult patients (included n = 186) with one of seven different chronic otologic conditions from all university hospitals in Finland were recruited to respond to EOS-24 and the 15D general HRQoL instrument. The recruiting otologists evaluated the severity of the disease and the disability caused by it. A control group was recruited. Based on the patients' responses in different diagnosis groups, the items were reduced according to pre-defined criteria. The resulting survey was validated using a thorough statistical analysis. Results: The relevance and necessity of the original 24 items were thoroughly investigated, leading to the exclusion of 8 items and the modification of 1. The remaining 16 items were well-balanced between subdivisions and were useful in all seven diagnosis groups, thus constituting the final instrument, EOS-16. The most suitable recall period was three months. Conclusions: EOS-16 has been created according to the HRQoL survey guidelines with a versatile nationwide patient population. The survey has been validated and can be used for a wide range of chronic ear diseases as a HRQoL instrument. (C) 2021 PLA General Hospital Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. Production and hosting by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd.
  • Kask, G.; Barner-Rasmussen, I.; Repo, J.; Blomqvist, C.; Tukiainen, E. (2019)
    Background and Aims: The present standard of care in treating lower extremity soft tissue sarcomas is function-sparing, limb-preserving resection and reconstruction with or without oncological therapy. The aim of this pilot study was to test the suitability and adequacy of the Finnish translations of two functional outcome questionnaires (Toronto Extremity Salvage Score and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score) and to perform a preliminary investigation of functional outcomes of Finnish lower-limb soft tissue sarcoma patients after operative treatment. Materials and Methods: Between June 2015 and December 2015, consecutive surgically treated outpatients were asked to participate in the study. Demographic, clinical, surgical, and oncological outcome data were collected. Two functional outcome questionnaires were used (Toronto Extremity Salvage Score and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society scores). A comparative analysis is presented. Results: A total of 19 lower-limb soft tissue sarcoma patients with a mean follow-up time of 2 years and 10 months were included. All (n = 19) invited patients participated in the study. Mean age was 62.3 years. In total, 13 had high-grade sarcomas. Eight wounds were closed directly, four used skin grafts, and five required flap reconstructions. One patient required a tumor prosthesis, and one required a rotationplasty. A total of 14 patients received oncological therapy. No problems or difficulties were reported in using and completing the Finnish versions of the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score or Musculoskeletal Tumor Society questionnaires. The overall Toronto Extremity Salvage Score and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society scores were 88 and 76, respectively. Conclusion: This pilot study suggests that the Finnish versions of the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society questionnaires are suitable for measuring functional outcome after lower extremity soft tissue sarcomas treatment. Functional outcomes vary from moderate to excellent.
  • Lahti, Anna-Maria; Mikkola, Tuija M.; Salonen, Minna; Wasenius, Niko; Sarvimäki, Anneli; Eriksson, Johan G.; von Bonsdorff, Mikaela B. (2021)
    Senior houses provide social interaction and support, potentially supporting older people's physical and mental functioning. Few studies have investigated functioning of senior house residents. The aim was to compare functioning between senior house residents and community-dwelling older adults in Finland. We compared senior house residents (n = 336, 69% women, mean age 83 years) to community-dwelling older adults (n = 1139, 56% women, mean age 74 years). Physical and mental functioning were assessed using the SF 36-Item Health Survey. Loneliness and frequency of social contacts were self-reported. The analyses were adjusted for age, socioeconomic factors and diseases. Physical functioning was lower among men in senior houses compared to community-dwelling men (mean 41.1 vs. 46.4, p = 0.003). Mental functioning or the frequency of social contacts did not differ between type of residence in either sex. Loneliness was higher among women in senior houses compared to community-dwelling women (OR = 1.67, p = 0.027). This was not observed in men. Results suggest that women in senior houses had similar physical and mental functioning compared to community-dwelling women. Male senior house residents had poorer physical functioning compared to community-dwelling men. Women living in senior houses were lonelier than community-dwelling women despite the social environment.
  • Hao, Qiukui; Devji, Tahira; Zeraatkar, Dena; Wang, Yuting; Qasim, Anila; Siemieniuk, Reed A. C.; Vandvik, Per Olav; Lähdeoja, Tuomas; Carrasco-Labra, Alonso; Agoritsas, Thomas; Guyatt, Gordon (2019)
    Objectives To identify credible anchor-based minimal important differences (MIDs) for patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) relevant to a BMJ Rapid Recommendations addressing subacromial decompression surgery for shoulder pain. Design Systematic review. Outcome measures Estimates of anchor-based MIDs, and their credibility, for PROMs judged by the parallel BMJ Rapid Recommendations panel as important for informing their recommendation (pain, function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL)). Data sources MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO up to August 2018. Study selection and review methods We included original studies of any intervention for shoulder conditions reporting estimates of anchor-based MIDs for relevant PROMs. Two reviewers independently evaluated potentially eligible studies according to predefined selection criteria. Six reviewers, working in pairs, independently extracted data from eligible studies using a predesigned, standardised, pilot-tested extraction form and independently assessed the credibility of included studies using an MID credibility tool. Results We identified 22 studies involving 5562 patients that reported 74 empirically estimated anchor-based MIDs for 10 candidate instruments to assess shoulder pain, function and HRQoL. We identified MIDs of high credibility for pain and function outcomes and of low credibility for HRQoL. We offered median estimates for the systematic review team who applied these MIDs in Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) evidence summaries and in their interpretations of results in the linked systematic review addressing the effectiveness of surgery for shoulder pain. Conclusions Our review provides anchor-based MID estimates, as well as a rating of their credibility, for PROMs for patients with shoulder conditions. The MID estimates inform the interpretation for a linked systematic review and guideline addressing subacromial decompression surgery for shoulder pain, and could also prove useful for authors addressing other interventions for shoulder problems.
  • Simonsen, Nina; Koponen, Anne M.; Suominen, Sakari (2018)
    Background: To meet the challenges of the rising prevalence of chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, new approaches to healthcare delivery have been initiated; among these the influential Chronic Care Model (CCM). Valid instruments are needed to evaluate the public health impact of these frameworks in different countries. The Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) is a 20-item quality of care measure that, from the perspective of the patient, measures the extent to which care is congruent with the CCM. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Finnish translation of the PACIC questionnaire, in terms of validity and reliability, in a large register-based sample of patients with type 2 diabetes. Method: The PACIC items were translated into Finnish in a standardized forward-backward procedure, followed by a cross-sectional survey among patients with type 2 diabetes (response rate 56%; n = 2866). We assessed the Finnish version of the PACIC scale for the following psychometric properties: content validity, internal consistency reliability, convergent and construct validity. We also present descriptive data on total scale as well as predetermined subscale levels. Results: The item-response on the PACIC scale was high with only small numbers of missing data (0.5-1.1%). Ceiling effects were low (0.3-5.3%) whereas floor effects were over 20% for two of the predetermined subscales (problem solving and follow-up/coordination). The total PACIC scale showed a reasonable distribution and excellent internal consistency (alpha 0.94) while the internal consistency of the subscales were at least acceptable (0.74-0.86). The principal component analysis identified a two-or three-factor solution instead of the proposed five-dimensional. In other respects, the PACIC scale showed the hypothesized relationships with quality of care and outcome measures, thus demonstrating convergent and construct validity. Conclusion: A Finnish version of the PACIC scale is now validated in the primary care setting among patients with type 2 diabetes. The findings suggest comparable psychometric properties of the Finnish scale as of the original English instrument and earlier translations, and reasonable levels of validity and reliability.
  • Tiainen, Anna-Maija K.; Mannisto, Satu; Lahti, Marius; Blomstedt, Paul A.; Lahti, Jari; Perala, Mia-Maria; Räikkönen, Katri; Kajantie, Eero; Eriksson, Johan G. (2013)
  • Isomeri, Risto; Mikkelsson, Marja; Partinen, Markku; Kauppi, Markku J. (2018)
    The aim of this study is to find out the outcome of 28 patients who got the diagnosis of primary fibromyalgia (pFM) 26 years ago. In 1986, 56 patients with widespread pain were examined and filled in a base questionnaire (BQ). Of them, 42 fulfilled the Yunus criteria for pFM. Twenty-six years later, addresses of 38 patients were found, and an extensive follow-up questionnaire (FupQ) was mailed to them. Of them, 28 (74%) answered the FupQ. This included nine identical questions with the BQ and questions concerning changes in their symptoms and quality of life (Qol). Three patients (11%) had healed from fibromyalgia (FM), and 23% reported having one or several symptomless periods lasting at least 1 year. In others (n = 25), all but pain and ache showed slight deterioration. Despite the aging and FM, the level of functional ability evaluated by Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) remained at the same level (BQ 0.41 vs. Fup 0.44, p = 0.82). The sum score of reported symptoms (n = 21) did not change significantly (10.8 (SD 2.9) vs. 11.1 (SD 4.1), p = 0.75). Experienced sleeplessness increased most significantly (27 vs. 65%, p = 0.0034). Exercising did not have a significant influence on the changes of the measured parameters. However, the three healed patients exercised regularly. Symptoms of FM have persisted in most patients for decades without significant deterioration of self-reported functional ability. About one fourth of patients had experienced long symptomless periods during their illness. Three patients (11%) reported that they have healed from FM.
  • Sumanen, Hilla; Pietilainen, Olli; Lahelma, Eero; Rahkonen, Ossi (2017)
    Background: Mental disorders are common diagnostic causes for longer sickness absence and disability retirement in OECD-countries. Short sickness absence spells are also common, and neither trivial for health and work ability. We studied how prior short sickness absence spells and days are associated with subsequent longer sickness absence due to mental disorders in two age-groups of municipal employees during a 2-, 5- and 9-year follow-up. Methods: The analyses covered 20-34 and 35-49-year-old employees of the City of Helsinki in 2004. Those with prior >= 14 day sickness absence in 2002, 2003 or 2004 were excluded. Women and men were pooled together. Short, 1-13-day sickness absence spells and days were calculated per the actual time of employment during 2004. Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the subsequent long (>= 14 days) sickness absence due to mental disorders during three follow-ups. Results: The risk for long sickness absence due to mental disorders increased with increasing amount of short sickness absence spells and days. 3 or more short sickness absence spells and 8-14 sickness absence days from short spells in 2004 were strongly associated with subsequent long sickness absence in all three follow-ups. The associations were strongest for the 2-year follow-up; the younger employees tended to have higher risks than the older ones. Conclusions: Three spells or 8 days of short sickness absence per year constitutes a high risk for subsequent long sickness absence due to mental disorders and preventive measures should be considered.
  • Malmberg-Ceder, Kirsi; Haanpää, Maija; Korhonen, Päivi E.; Kautiainen, Hannu; Veromaa, Veera; Soinila, Seppo (2019)
    Purpose: Psychosocial risk factors are common in headache patients and affect the impact of headache in multiple ways. The aim of our study was to assess how psychosocial risk factors correlate with the headache impact test-6 (HIT-6). To our knowledge this is the first study to evaluate the impact of several psychosocial factors on the HIT-6 score. Patients and methods: Our study population consisted of 469 Finnish female employees reporting headache during the past year. Psychosocial risk factors were assessed using validated, self-administered questionnaires: the generalized anxiety disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7) for anxiety, the major depression inventory (MDI) for depressive symptoms, the ENRICHD short social support instrument (ESSI) for social isolation, the cynical distrust scale for hostility and the Bergen burnout indicator (BBI-15) for work stress. Results: Exploratory factor analysis of the HIT-6 scores revealed two factors, one describing psychological and quality of life aspects affected by headache and the other describing severity of pain and functional decline. Internal consistency of the HIT-6 was 0.87 (95% CI: 0.85-0.89). Correlations between the total HIT-6 score and all measured psychosocial risk factors except for hostility were weak, but statistically significant. Conclusion: The HIT-6 questionnaire has good construct validity and it describes reliably and independently the impact of headache without interference of psychosocial factors in general working-aged female population.
  • Kotanen, Petra; Kainu, Annette; Brander, Pirkko; Bergman, Paula; Lehtomäki, Anu; Kreivi, Hanna-Riikka (2020)
    Abstract Introduction Chronic respiratory insufficiency impacts patients? lives and reduces quality of life. The Severe Respiratory Insufficiency (SRI) questionnaire examines health-related quality of life and is designed specifically for patients receiving home mechanical ventilation (HMV) for chronic respiratory failure (CRF). Objectives The aim of this study was to validate the Finnish version of the SRI and study its reproducibility in patients with CRF. Methods Our 74 patients receiving HMV or long-term oxygen treatment for CRF or both completed the SRI and St George?s Respiratory questionnaires (SGRQ) three times (at baseline, and then one week and one month later). Reliability and validity of the questionnaires was analyzed with Cronbach?s alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient. Patients were prospectively followed-up for five years, with data collected on their use of hospital services and mortality. Results Cronbach?s alpha in the SRI ranged from 0.67 to 0.88 and was >0.7 on all subscales except the ?attendant symptoms and sleep?. On four subscales, Cronbach?s alpha was >0.8, and on the summary scale, 0.95. The SRI showed high correlation with SGRQ. Both tests showed good reproducibility. During the five-year follow-up, 27 (36%) patients died. Conclusions The Finnish SRI proved valid, reliable, and reproducible. Its psychometric properties were good and similar to those of the original questionnaire and of other validation studies.