Browsing by Subject "HIGH-ENTROPY ALLOYS"

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  • Levo, E.; Granberg, F.; Fridlund, C.; Nordlund, K.; Djurabekova, F. (2017)
    Single-phase multicomponent alloys of equal atomic concentrations ("equiatomic") have proven to exhibit promising mechanical and corrosion resistance properties, that are sought after in materials intended for use in hazardous environments like next-generation nuclear reactors. In this article, we investigate the damage production and dislocation mobility by simulating irradiation of elemental Ni and the alloys NiCo, NiCoCr, NiCoFe and NiFe, to assess the effect of elemental composition. We compare the defect production and the evolution of dislocation networks in the simulation cells of two different sizes, for all five studied materials. We find that the trends in defect evolution are in good agreement between the different cell sizes. The damage is generally reduced with increased alloy complexity, and the dislocation evolution is specific to each material, depending on its complexity. We show that increasing complexity of the alloys does not always lead to decreased susceptibility to damage accumulation under irradiation. We show that, for instance, the NiCo alloy behaves very similarly to Ni, while presence of Fe or Cr in the alloy even as a third component reduces the saturated level of damage substantially. Moreover, we linked the defect evolution with the dislocation transformations in the alloys. Sudden drops in defect number and large defect fluctuations from the continuous irradiation can be explained from the dislocation activity. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Tuomisto, F.; Makkonen, I.; Heikinheimo, J.; Granberg, F.; Djurabekova, F.; Nordlund, K.; Velisa, G.; Bei, H.; Xue, H.; Weber, W. J.; Zhang, Y. (2020)
    Defect evolution under irradiation is investigated in a set of single-phase concentrated solid solution alloys (SP-CSAs) containing Ni with Co, Fe and/or Cr. We show that atomic segregation of Ni takes place already at very early stages of radiation damage in the 2-4 element SP-CSAs containing Fe or Cr, well below 1 dpa. We arrive at this conclusion by following the evolution of positron annihilation signals as a function of irradiation dose in single crystal samples, complemented by molecular dynamics simulations in the same model systems for high entropy alloys (HEAs). This manifestation of short-range order calls attention to composition fluctuations at the atomic level in irradiated HEAs. Ion irradiation may induce short-range order in certain alloys due to chemically biased elemental diffusion. The work highlights the necessity of updating the assumption of a totally random arrangement in the irradiated alloys, even though the alloys before irradiation have random arrangements of different chemical elements. (C) 2020 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd.