Browsing by Subject "HSCT"

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  • Ritari, Jarmo; Hyvärinen, Kati; Koskela, Satu; Niittyvuopio, Riitta; Nihtinen, Anne; Salmenniemi, Urpu; Putkonen, Mervi; Volin, Liisa; Kwan, Tony; Pastinen, Tomi; Itälä-Remes, Maija; Partanen, Jukka (2019)
    Genetic mismatches in protein coding genes between allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipient and donor can elicit an alloimmunity response via peptides presented by the recipient HLA receptors as minor histocompatibility antigens (mHAs). While the impact of individual mHAs on allo-HSCT outcome such as graft-vs.-host and graft-vs.-leukemia effects has been demonstrated, it is likely that established mHAs constitute only a small fraction of all immunogenic non-synonymous variants. In the present study, we have analyzed the genetic mismatching in 157 exome-sequenced sibling allo-HSCT pairs to evaluate the significance of polymorphic HLA class I associated peptides on clinical outcome. We applied computational mismatch estimation approaches based on experimentally verified HLA ligands available in public repositories, published mHAs, and predicted HLA-peptide affinites, and analyzed their associations with chronic graft-vs.-host disease (cGvHD) grades. We found that higher estimated recipient mismatching consistently increased the risk of severe cGvHD, suggesting that HLA-presented mismatching influences the likelihood of long-term complications in the patient. Furthermore, computational approaches focusing on estimation of HLA-presentation instead of all non-synonymous mismatches indiscriminately may be beneficial for analysis sensitivity and could help identify novel mHAs.
  • Leimi, Lilli; Jahnukainen, Kirsi; Olkinuora, Helena; Meri, Seppo; Vettenranta, Kim (2022)
    Treatment-related mortality and morbidity remain a challenge in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In this retrospective, single-center study, we analyzed endothelial damage as a potential, common denominator and mechanism for the adverse effects. We evaluated the prevalence of key vascular complications and graft-versus-host disease among 122 pediatric patients with an allogeneic HSCT between 2001 and 2013. The spectrum and frequency of acute adverse events emerging
  • Clancy, Jonna; Ritari, Jarmo; Lobier, Muriel; Niittyvuopio, Riitta; Salmenniemi, Urpu; Putkonen, Mervi; Itälä-Remes, Maija; Partanen, Jukka; Koskela, Satu (2019)
    HLA matching is a prerequisite for successful allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) because it lowers the occurrence and severity of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). However, matching a few alleles of the classic HLA genes only may not ensure matching of the entire MHC region. HLA haplotype matching has been reported to be beneficial in HSCT because of the variation relevant to GVHD risk in the non-HLA region. Because polymorphism in the MHC is highly population specific, we hypothesized that donors from the Finnish registry are more likely to be matched at a higher level for the Finnish patients than donors from other registries. In the present study we determined 25 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the complement component 4 (C4) gene in the gamma-block segment of MHC from 115 Finnish HSCT patients and their Finnish (n = 201) and non-Finnish (n = 280) donor candidates. Full matching of HLA alleles and C4 SNPs, independently or additively, occurred more likely in the Finnish-Finnish group as compared with the Finnish non-Finnish group (P <.003). This was most striking in cases with HLA haplotypes typical of the Finnish population. Patients with ancestral HLA haplotypes (AH) were more likely to find a full HLA and C4 matched donor, regardless of donor origin, as compared with patients without AH (P <.0001). Despite the clear differences at the population level, we could not find a statistical association between C4 matching and clinical outcome. The results suggest that screening C4 SNPs can be advantageous when an extended MHC matching or HLA haplotype matching in HSCT is required. This study also supports the need for small population-specific stem cell registries. (C) 2018 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
  • Haavisto, Anu; Mathiesen, Sidsel; Suominen, Anu; Lähteenmäki, Päivi; Sorensen, Kaspar; Ifversen, Marianne; Juul, Anders; Nielsen, Malene Mejdahl; Müller, Klaus; Jahnukainen, Kirsi (2020)
    There are many known endocrine complications after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in childhood including increased risk of biochemical hypogonadism. However, little is known about sexuality in adulthood following childhood HSCT. In this multicenter study, sexual functions and possible risk factors were assessed comprehensively in two national cohorts (Finland and Denmark) of male adult survivors of childhood HSCT. Compared to a healthy control group (n= 56), HSCT survivors (n= 97) reported less sexual fantasies, poorer orgasms, lower sexual activity with a partner and reduced satisfaction with their sex life, even in the presence of normal erectile functions and a similar frequency of autoerotic acts. Of the HSCT survivors, 35% were cohabitating/married and 66% were sexually active. Risk factors for poorer self-reported sexual functions were partner status (not cohabitating with a partner), depressive symptoms, CNS and testicular irradiation. Sexual dysfunction increased by age in the HSCT group with a pace comparable to that of the control group. However, because of the lower baseline level of sexual functions in the HSCT group, they will reach the level of clinically significant dysfunction at a younger age. Hence, male survivors of childhood HSCT should be interviewed in detail about their sexual health beyond erectile functions.
  • Hyvärinen, Kati; Koskela, Satu; Niittyvuopio, Riitta; Nihtinen, Anne; Volin, Liisa; Salmenniemi, Urpu; Putkonen, Mervi; Buño, Ismael; Gallardo, David; Itälä-Remes, Maija; Partanen, Jukka; Ritari, Jarmo (2020)
    Graft-vs.-host disease (GvHD) is a major complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation that causes mortality and severe morbidity. Genetic disparities in human leukocyte antigens between the recipient and donor are known contributors to the risk of the disease. However, the overall impact of genetic component is complex, and consistent findings across different populations and studies remain sparse. To gain a comprehensive understanding of the genes responsible for GvHD, we combined genome-wide association studies (GWAS) from two distinct populations with previously published gene expression studies on GvHD in a single gene-level meta-analysis. We hypothesized that genes driving GvHD should be associated in both data modalities and therefore could be detected more readily through their combined effects in the integrated analysis rather than in separate analyses. The meta-analysis yielded a total of 51 acute GvHD-associated genes (false detection rate [FDR]
  • Gratwohl, Alois; Iacobelli, Simona; Bootsman, Natalia; van Biezen, Anja; Baldomero, Helen; Arcese, William; Arnold, Renate; Bron, Dominique; Cordonnier, Catherine; Ernst, Peter; Ferrant, Augustin; Frassoni, Francesco; Gahrton, Gosta; Richard, Carlos; Kolb, Hans Jochem; Link, Hartmut; Niederwieser, Dietger; Ruutu, Tapani; Schattenberg, Anton; Schmitz, Norbert; Torres-Gomez, Antonio; Zwaan, Ferry; Apperley, Jane; Olavarria, Eduardo; Kroeger, Nicolaus; European Soc Blood Marrow Transpla (2016)
    In the context of discussions on the reproducibility of clinical studies, we reanalyzed a prospective randomized study on the role of splenic irradiation as adjunct to the conditioning for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Between 1986 and 1989, a total of 229 patients with CML were randomized; of these, 225 (98 %; 112 with, 113 without splenic irradiation) could be identified in the database and their survival updated. Results confirmed the early findings with no significant differences in all measured endpoints (overall survival at 25 years: 42.7 %, 32.0-52.4 % vs 52.9 %, 43.2-62.6 %; p = 0.355, log rank test). Additional splenic irradiation failed to reduce relapse incidence. It did not increase non-relapse mortality nor the risk of late secondary malignancies. Comforting are the long-term results from this predefined consecutive cohort of patients: more than 60 % were alive at plus 25 years when they were transplanted with a low European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) risk sore. This needs to be considered today when treatment options are discussed for patients who failed initial tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy and have an available low risk HLA-identical donor.
  • Vuorenoja, Susanna; Vettenranta, Kim; Lohi, Olli (2022)
    Background Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a rare disease in children and treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) still in many cases. Case We describe an 8-year-old patient with CML treated with two different TKIs before proceeding to allogeneic HSCT. Despite successful engraftment, prompt rejection of the graft was followed by autologous reconstitution. TKI therapy was reintroduced post-rejection in anticipation of relapse but shortly discontinued due to low white blood cell and neutrophil counts. The patient has remained disease-free over 5 years after graft rejection and without further therapy. Conclusion This case suggests that even a short antileukemic effect by an allogeneic transplant may succeed in eradicating CML.