Browsing by Subject "HYSTERECTOMY"

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  • Mattsson, Nina K.; Karjalainen, Paivi; Tolppanen, Anna-Maija; Heikkinen, Anna-Mari; Jalkanen, Jyrki; Härkki, Päivi; Nieminen, Kari (2019)
    Introduction The management of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) varies significantly between countries. The objective of this study was to describe the methods used for POP surgery in Finland and to identify the factors that affect clinicians' choice to use either a native tissue repair (NTR) or a mesh repair method. Material and Methods This prospective cohort study included 3535 surgeries covering 83% of all POP operations performed in Finland in 2015. The operative details and patient characteristics, including the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20), were compared between three selected surgical methods: NTR, transvaginal mesh (TVM) and abdominal mesh (AM). The predictive factors for the use of mesh augmentation were also studied with logistic regression analysis. Results The most common method was NTR (n = 2855, 81%), followed by TVM (n = 429, 12%) and AM (n = 251, 7%). Approximately 92% of the patients who underwent primary prolapse surgery underwent NTR, and mesh surgery was used mainly for recurrent prolapse. The strongest predictor of mesh surgery was previous POP surgery for the same vaginal compartment (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 56, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 38-84 for TVM; adjusted OR = 22, 95% CI = 14-34 for AM). Other predictive factors for mesh surgery were previous hysterectomy, healthcare district, severe bulge symptoms and advanced prolapse. TVM was associated with advanced anterior prolapse and older age. AM surgery was associated with advanced apical and/or posterior compartment prolapse. PFDI-20 scores were the highest in the AM group (108 vs 103 in the TVM group and 98 in the NTR group, P = 0.012), which indicates more bothersome symptoms than in the other groups. Conclusions The Finnish practices follow international guidelines that advocate NTR as the principal surgical method for POP. Synthetic mesh augmentation was mainly used in patients with recurrent and advanced prolapse with severe symptoms. The variation in the rates of mesh augmentation for POP surgery in different hospitals implies a lack of sufficient evidence of the most suitable treatment method and indicates a need for national guidelines.
  • Isokaanta, Siiri; Ruohoaho, Ulla-Maija; Anttila, Maarit; Kokki, Hannu; Sintonen, Harri; Toroi, Petri; Kokki, Merja (2022)
    Background Gynecological surgery has many impacts on women's physical and mental health, and efforts to improve recovery from surgery are constantly under evaluation. Resilience is an ability to overcome stressors and adversities, such as traumas and surgeries. This study aimed to explore patients' resilience and psychological symptoms in relation to recovery, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and pain one year after gynecological surgery. Methods In a prospective cohort study, we enrolled consecutive elective gynecologic surgery patients who completed questionnaires before and at one year after surgery: the Resilience Scale-25, the 15D instrument of HRQoL (15D), the Life Satisfaction Scale-4, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Their mean 15D scores were compared to those of an age-matched sample of women from the general Finnish population (n = 2743). Results We enrolled 271 women who underwent gynecological surgery due to benign (n = 190) and malignant (n = 81) diagnoses. Resilience was equally high in women with benign and malignant diagnoses at both time points. Higher resilience associated with less pain, analgesic use, and better pain relief from the use of pain medication at 12 months after surgery. Pain intensity was similar in the two groups, but patients with benign diseases had less pain at 12 months than before surgery. Before surgery, patients' HRQoL was worse than that of the general population, but at 12 months the mean HRQoL of patients with benign diseases had improved to the same level as that in the general population but had decreased further in patients with malignant diseases. Anxiety was higher and life satisfaction was lower in patients with malignant diseases before surgery. At 12 months, anxiety had decreased in both groups, and life satisfaction had increased in patients with malignant diseases. Depression was similarly low in both groups and time points. Conclusions Resilience correlated with less pain one year after surgery. After surgery, HRQoL improved in patients with benign diseases but deteriorated in patients with malignant diseases. Patients with low resilience should be identified during preoperative evaluation, and health care professionals should give these patients psychological support to enhance their resilience. Trial Registration; registered October 29, 2019; identifier: NCT04142203; retrospectively registered.
  • Heikinheimo, Oskari; Fraser, Ian (2017)
    Hormonal treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), especially bleeding related to endometrial causes (AUB-E), ovulatory dysfunction (AUB-O) and coagulopathy (AUB-C), and to some extent, uterine leiomyomas and adenomyosis, has become the first-line evidence-based management strategy during recent years. Hormonal treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is also endorsed as the first line of treatment in several international guidelines. In the present article, we review the efficacy of the commonly used and widely available hormonal treatments of AUB-O, AUB-E and AUB-C. The therapies include combined hormonal contraceptives, progestin-only preparations, and intrauterine release of levonorgestrel through the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system. In addition, we make practical recommendations for patient management. We also review some of the current guidelines and their recommendations concerning the treatment of HMB. Finally, the effects of hormonal treatment on the overall management of AUB and its effects on the health care system and specialist training are discussed.(C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • Pynnä, Kristiina; Räsänen, Pirjo; Roine, Risto P.; Vuorela, Piia; Sintonen, Harri (2021)
    Objectives The impact of benign gynecological conditions on life of women and on costs for the society is high. The purpose of this study is to gain knowledge and understanding of costs of the treatment of these disorders in order to be able to improve the clinical care processes, gain insight into feasible savings opportunities and to allocate funds wisely. Methods The healthcare processes of 311 women attending university or community hospitals in the Helsinki and Uusimaa Hospital District between June 2012 and August 2013 due to a benign gynecological condition were followed up for two years and treatment costs analysed. Results Total direct hospital costs averaged 689euro at six months and 2194euro at two years. The most expensive treatment was that of uterine fibroids in the short term and that of endometriosis and fibroids later on. Costs did not depend on hospital size. Surgical operations caused nearly half of hospital costs. Productivity loss caused biggest expenses outside of the hospital. LNG-IUD (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device) accounted for the largest pharmaceutical costs for patients. Hospital treatment was associated with a reduced need for outpatient services during follow-up. Conclusions A majority of direct hospital costs arise over time. This stresses the need for prolonged healthcare management. To control costs, the need for repetitive doctors' appointments, monitoring tests, and ward treatments should be carefully evaluated. Procedures not needing an operation theatre (for example hysteroscopy for polypectomy), should be done ambulatorily.