Browsing by Subject "Happiness"

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  • Jyväkorpi, Satu K.; Urtamo, A.; Pitkälä, K. H.; Strandberg, T. E. (2018)
    BackgroundPositive emotions and happiness may improve health and prolong life. Diet quality, Mediterranean dietary pattern, fruit and vegetable, chocolate, and fish consumption have been linked to positive affect, improved mood, and reduced risk of depression. We examined the associations between diet, nutrition, and perceived happiness in the oldest-old men.MethodsThe participants in this cross-sectional analysis were the oldest-old, home-dwelling men (n=338, mean age 88years, range 82-97years) from the longitudinal Helsinki Businessmen Study cohort. In 2016, a postal health and nutrition survey was performed. Happiness was evaluated using the Visual Analog Scale of Happiness (0-100mm). The nutrition survey included a 3-day food diary, Mediterranean Diet Adherence score, and Index of Diet Quality designed to measure adherence to Finnish dietary recommendations. The participants were divided into quartiles according to happiness scores, and diet quality scores, food intakes, and other indicators were compared between the happiness quartiles.ResultsHappiness was linearly associated with total fruit and vegetable intakes (p=0.002) and inversely associated with age (p=0.016), blood glucose levels (p=0.049), skipping lunch (p=0.023), reduced food intake (p=0.002), and weight loss (p=0.016).ConclusionsFruit and vegetable intakes indicated happiness in the oldest-old men while reduced food intakes and weight loss were inversely associated with happiness. Maintaining good nutrition and increasing fruit and vegetable consumption may be important for psychological health of older people.
  • Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, Kaija; Tuisku, Katinka; Tamminen, Nina; Nordling, Esa; Solin, Pia (2016)
    Mielen­terveys on osa hyvin­vointia, ja posi­tii­vinen mielen­terveys on voima­vara, jol­la si­tä voi­daan edistää. Posi­tii­vista mielen­ter­veyttä voi­daan vah­vistaa toi­mimaan suo­jana sai­rauksia vas­taan, selviy­tymään nii­den kans­sa ja edis­tämään toipu­mista. Väes­tön ter­veyttä koske­vissa tutki­muk­sissa on keski­tytty pääa­siassa mielen­ter­veyden oi­reisiin, häi­riöihin ja sai­rauksiin. Sen si­jaan posi­tii­vinen ulot­tuvuus on jää­nyt vähem­mälle huo­miolle. Posi­tii­visen mielen­ter­veyden mittaa­misen vaikeu­tena on ol­lut kä­sitteen moni­muo­toisuus ja toi­saalta so­pivien mit­tarien puuttu­minen. Posi­tii­vista mielen­ter­veyttä voi­daan mi­tata esi­mer­kiksi suo­meksi käänne­tyllä Warwick-Edinburgh men­tal well-being scale (WEMWBS) -mit­ta­rilla.
  • Wartiovaara, Kirmo (2017)
  • De Paola, Jennifer; Wagner, Wolfgang; Pirttilä-Backman, Anna-Maija; Lehtonen, Josetta (2021)
    This paper presents results from a study exploring representations of "happiness" and "unhappiness." Word associations with these concepts were produced by 16-18 and 29-34-year-old women from Finland, the country that the United Nation's World Happiness Report has ranked the "happiest" in the world. Correspondence Analysis (CA) and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis show that participants in both age groups share three clusters of words associated with "happiness": Tangible happiness, Affective happiness and Serene happiness. We noted more differences in the associations with "unhappiness," for which the two groups share only two clusters: Loss and Everyday problems. A distinct third cluster, Affective unhappiness, emerged for the younger women, whereas older women's associations are further differentiated into a more complex structure, including two more clusters: Dejection and Apprehension. Additionally, CA shows that in both age groups, self-reported happiness levels do not discriminate which words are associated with happiness and unhappiness. Finally, qualitative content analysis of a questionnaire item investigating how to reach complete happiness suggested that there are three recurring answer types: happiness can be improved through external changes, internal changes, or not at all because complete/permanent happiness does not exist. The study provides a methodological design which, unlike most happiness studies, allows participants the freedom to bring up the meaning of happiness and unhappiness. Thus, the study constitutes a contribution to a more nuanced understanding of happiness.
  • Graziotin, Daniel; Fagerholm, Fabian; Wang, Xiaofeng; Abrahamsson, Pekka (2018)
    The growing literature on affect among software developers mostly reports on the linkage between happiness, software quality, and developer productivity. Understanding happiness and unhappiness in all its components – positive and negative emotions and moods – is an attractive and important endeavor. Scholars in industrial and organizational psychology have suggested that understanding happiness and unhappiness could lead to cost-effective ways of enhancing working conditions, job performance, and to limiting the occurrence of psychological disorders. Our comprehension of the consequences of (un)happiness among developers is still too shallow, being mainly expressed in terms of development productivity and software quality. In this paper, we study what happens when developers are happy and unhappy while developing software. Qualitative data analysis of responses given by 317 questionnaire participants identified 42 consequences of unhappiness and 32 of happiness. We found consequences of happiness and unhappiness that are beneficial and detrimental for developers’ mental well-being, the software development process, and the produced artifacts. Our classification scheme, available as open data enables new happiness research opportunities of cause-effect type, and it can act as a guideline for practitioners for identifying damaging effects of unhappiness and for fostering happiness on the job.