Browsing by Subject "Health care"

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  • Coccolini, Federico; Cicuttin, Enrico; Cremonini, Camilla; Tartaglia, Dario; Viaggi, Bruno; Kuriyama, Akira; Picetti, Edoardo; Ball, Chad; Abu-Zidan, Fikri; Ceresoli, Marco; Turri, Bruno; Jain, Sumita; Palombo, Carlo; Guirao, Xavier; Rodrigues, Gabriel; Gachabayov, Mahir; Machado, Fernando; Eftychios, Lostoridis; Kanj, Souha S.; Di Carlo, Isidoro; Di Saverio, Salomone; Khokha, Vladimir; Kirkpatrick, Andrew; Massalou, Damien; Forfori, Francesco; Corradi, Francesco; Delibegovic, Samir; Machain Vega, Gustavo M.; Fantoni, Massimo; Demetriades, Demetrios; Kapoor, Garima; Kluger, Yoram; Ansari, Shamshul; Maier, Ron; Leppaniemi, Ari; Hardcastle, Timothy; Vereczkei, Andras; Karamagioli, Evika; Pikoulis, Emmanouil; Pistello, Mauro; Sakakushev, Boris E.; Navsaria, Pradeep H.; Galeiras, Rita; Yahya, Ali I.; Osipov, Aleksei V.; Dimitrov, Evgeni; Doklestic, Krstina; Pisano, Michele; Malacarne, Paolo; Carcoforo, Paolo; Sibilla, Maria Grazia; Kryvoruchko, Igor A.; Bonavina, Luigi; Kim, Jae Il; Shelat, Vishal G.; Czepiel, Jacek; Maseda, Emilio; Marwah, Sanjay; Chirica, Mircea; Biancofiore, Giandomenico; Podda, Mauro; Cobianchi, Lorenzo; Ansaloni, Luca; Fugazzola, Paola; Seretis, Charalampos; Gomez, Carlos Augusto; Tumietto, Fabio; Malbrain, Manu; Reichert, Martin; Augustin, Goran; Amato, Bruno; Puzziello, Alessandro; Hecker, Andreas; Gemignani, Angelo; Isik, Arda; Cucchetti, Alessandro; Nacoti, Mirco; Kopelman, Doron; Mesina, Cristian; Ghannam, Wagih; Ben-Ishay, Offir; Dhingra, Sameer; Coimbra, Raul; Moore, Ernest E.; Cui, Yunfeng; Quiodettis, Martha A.; Bala, Miklosh; Testini, Mario; Diaz, Jose; Girardis, Massimo; Biffl, Walter L.; Hecker, Matthias; Sall, Ibrahima; Boggi, Ugo; Materazzi, Gabriele; Ghiadoni, Lorenzo; Matsumoto, Junichi; Zuidema, Wietse P.; Ivatury, Rao; Enani, Mushira A.; Litvin, Andrey; Al-Hasan, Majdi N.; Demetrashvili, Zaza; Baraket, Oussama; Ordonez, Carlos A.; Negoi, Ionut; Kiguba, Ronald; Memish, Ziad A.; Elmangory, Mutasim M.; Tolonen, Matti; Das, Korey; Ribeiro, Julival; O'Connor, Donal B.; Tan, Boun Kim; Van Goor, Harry; Baral, Suman; De Simone, Belinda; Corbella, Davide; Brambillasca, Pietro; Scaglione, Michelangelo; Basolo, Fulvio; De'Angelis, Nicola; Bendinelli, Cino; Weber, Dieter; Pagani, Leonardo; Monti, Cinzia; Baiocchi, Gianluca; Chiarugi, Massimo; Catena, Fausto; Sartelli, Massimo (2021)
    On January 2020, the WHO Director General declared that the outbreak constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The world has faced a worldwide spread crisis and is still dealing with it. The present paper represents a white paper concerning the tough lessons we have learned from the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, an international and heterogenous multidisciplinary panel of very differentiated people would like to share global experiences and lessons with all interested and especially those responsible for future healthcare decision making. With the present paper, international and heterogenous multidisciplinary panel of very differentiated people would like to share global experiences and lessons with all interested and especially those responsible for future healthcare decision making.
  • Vanttola, Päivi; Puttonen, Sampsa; Karhula, Kati; Oksanen, Tuula; Härmä, Mikko (2020)
    A considerable proportion of shift workers have work schedule-related insomnia and/or excessive sleepiness, a phenomenon described as shift work disorder (SWD). There is yet a lack of evidence on whether or not employees recover from symptoms of SWD between work shifts. We studied whether SWD and its subtypes are associated with insomnia and excessive sleepiness during weekly non-work days and with 24-h sleep time. Hospital employees answered a survey on SWD, insomnia and excessive sleepiness on weekly non-work day s, and 24-h sleep. To identify shift workers with night shifts (n=2,900, 18% with SWD) and SWD, we linked survey responses to employers' register on NI orking hours. SWD included three subtypes: insomnia only (SWD-I, 4%, n=102), excessive sleepiness only (SWD-Es, 8%, n=244), and both insomnia and excessive sleepiness (SWD-IEs, 6%, n=183). Based on regression analy ses, SWD was associated with excessive sleepiness on non-work days (OR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.07-1.88) and with insomnia on non-work days (0.53, 0.31-0.91). SWD-I was associated with excessive sleepiness on non-work days (2.25, 1.31-3.87) and with shorter sleep (7-7.5 h: 1.96, 1.06-3.63; = 8 h). The results suggest that especially employees with SWD-I may need longer time to overcome excessive sleepiness than allowed by their roster.
  • Nurmela, Kirsti; Mattila, Aino; Heikkinen, Virpi; Uitti, Jukka; Ylinen, Aarne; Virtanen, Pekka (2018)
    Depression is a common mental health disorder among the unemployed, but research on identifying their depression in health care is scarce. The present study aimed to explore the identification of major depressive disorder (MDD) in health care on long-term unemployed and find out if the duration of unemployment correlates with the risk for unidentified MDD. The study sample consisted the patient files of long-term unemployed people (duration of unemployment 1-35 years, median 11 years), who in a screening project diagnosed with MDD (n = 243). The MDD diagnosis was found in the health care records of 101. Binomial logistic regression models were used to explore the effect of the duration of unemployment, as a discrete variable, to the identification of MDD in health care. MDD was appropriately identified in health care for 42% (n = 101) of the participants with MDD. The odds ratio for unidentified MDD in health care was 1.060 (95% confidence interval 1.011; 1.111, p = 0.016) per unemployment year. When unemployment had continued, for example, for five years the odds ratio for having unidentified MDD was 1.336. The association remained significant throughout adjustments for the set of background factors (gender, age, occupational status, marital status, homelessness, criminal record, suicide attempts, number of health care visits). This study among depressed long-term unemployed people indicates that the longer the unemployment period has lasted, the more commonly these people suffer from unidentified MDD. Health services should be developed with respect to sensitivity to detect signs of depression among the long-term unemployed.
  • Koivisto, J.-M.; Multisilta, Jari; Haavisto, Elina (2017)
    This paper considers the potential benefits of gamification from the perspective of surgical patients' quality of care. There is little published data on gamifying the work of healthcare professionals even though the use of serious games in healthcare has been growing. Literature on the quality of care shows that patients are often satisfied with the care they have received. However, research indicates that deficiencies exist in patient education, in patients' opportunities to participate in and have impact on decision making regarding their care, and in prevention and management of complications. Workplace culture is significantly connected with the incidence of patient complications. Gamification of healthcare workers' daily work routines could have positive effects on nurses' ownership and the meaningfulness of their work, and on the prevention and management of complications, which would in turn improve the quality of care for surgical patients. In this paper, a hypothetical gamification case is presented and directions for future research are discussed.
  • Jones, Marjaana; Jallinoja, Piia; Pietila, Ilkka (2021)
    The growing prominence of patient and public involvement in health services has led to the increased use of experiential knowledge alongside medical and professional knowledge bases. Third sector organisations, which position themselves as representatives of collective patient groups, have established channels to communicate experiential knowledge to health services. However, organisations may interpret and communicate experiential knowledge in different ways, and due to a lack of inherent authority, it can be dismissed by health professionals. Thus, drawing on individual interviews with organisation representatives, we explore the definitions and uses of as well as the 'filters' placed upon experiential knowledge. The analysis suggests that whilst experiential knowledge is seen as all-encompassing, practical and transformative, the organisations need to engage in actions that can tame experiential knowledge and try to balance between ensuring that the critical and authentic elements of experiential knowledge were not lost whilst retaining a position as collaborators in health care development processes.