Browsing by Subject "Health related quality of life"

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  • Anillo Arrieta, Luis A.; Acosta Vergara, Tania; Tuesca, Rafael; Rodriguez Acosta, Sandra; Florez Lozano, Karen C.; Aschner, Pablo; Gabriel, Rafael; De la Rosa, Sandra; Nieto Castillo, Julieth P.; Barengo, Noel C. (2021)
    Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) characteristics in a population at risk of developing type 2 diabetes in Barranquilla and Bogota, Colombia. Methods A cross-sectional study with 1135 participants older than 30 years-of-age recruited in Bogota D.C., and Barranquilla by cluster sampling in 2018 to 2019. The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) was used to detect participants at risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). HRQoL was assessed using the EQ-5D-3L questionnaire. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios (OR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals CI). Results Moderate or extreme problems appeared more frequently in the dimensions of Pain/Discomfort (60.8%) and Anxiety/Depression (30.8%). The mean score of the EQ-VAS was 74.3 (+/- 17.3), significantly larger in the state of complete health (11111) compared with those with problems in more than one of the quality-of-life dimensions. Being female and living in Bogota D.C., were associated with greater odds of reporting problems in the Pain (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.2-2.2) and Discomfort dimensions (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.2-2.0) respectively and Anxiety/Depression (OR 1.9; 95% CI 1.3-2.7), (OR 9.1; 95% CI 6.6-12.4), respectively. Conclusions As living place and sex were associated with dimensions of Pain/Discomfort and Anxiety/Depression in the HRQoL in people at risk of T2D, greater attention should be paid to these determinants of HRQoL to design and reorient strategies with a territorial and gender perspective to achieve better health outcomes. Plain English summary Diabetes is one of the four non-communicable diseases with increasing prevalence in the world, which has made it a serious public health problem. In Colombia, in 2019 diabetes affected 8.4% of the Colombian adult population and more than one million Colombian adults of this age group have hidden or undetected diabetes. This disease is not only characterized by increased premature mortality, loss of productivity, and economic impact, but it also involves a deterioration in the quality of life of people with diabetes with their respective families. However, very Little is known about health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a population at risk or with prediabetes. This study has evaluated the quality of life in patients at risk of diabetes and their behavior with some variables as sociodemographic, lifestyle, history, and established their difference in two territories of the Colombian Caribbean. The results of this study indicate that the HRQoL of people at risk of type 2 diabetes is affected by factors such as gender, city, dysglycemia, medication for hypertension and education level. Therefore, greater attention should be paid to these determinants of HRQL to design and implement strategies that reduce this risk of developing type 2 diabetes, prevent prediabetes and improve the quality of life in prediabetic or diabetic patients.
  • Rissanen, Anni (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Background: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a severe degenerative disease of the spine and can lead to significant functional deterioration. Multilevel disease is generally approached with a posterior surgery by either decompressive laminectomy with or without fusion or laminoplasty. Published long-term follow up studies of laminectomy without fusion are scarse. Objective: To retrospectively analyse clinical data of three cohorts of patients who have undergone cervical laminectomy without fusion for CSM at the Department of Neurosurgery in Helsinki University Hospital between years 2000-2011 (n=340 patients) and evaluate the incidence of further cervical surgeries and risk for cervical misalignment as well as current functional status, neck symptoms and quality of life. Results: The subjective clinical outcome was reported good or excellent on the Likert scale by 72 % of the patients in short term clinical follow up. 41 (12.1%) patients had later underwent another cervical surgery. 10 (24 %) of these surgeries were wound revisions, 21 (51 %) early re-decompressions within a year from initial laminectomy and 10 (24 %) decompressions due to further stenosis later during the follow-up of mean 8.5 years (maximum follow-up 17.5 years). The most common indication for further surgery was residual stenosis on adjacent or other cervical levels (14 patients, 34 %). Only 5 (1 %) patients required a further surgery for correction of a sagittal balance problem, namely for olisthesis developing in the area of the laminectomy. In X-ray studies the mean change in sagittal alignment was 4.0 towards lordotic posture and a newly developed kyphosis was found in 3 of 40 (7.5 %) patients median 9.4 years after index laminectomy. The mean Neck Disability Index percentage was 28 % median 9.0 years after laminectomy indicating mild self-rated disability. The mean EQ-5D index score was 58.8 and the mean EQ-VAS 61.1 indicating reduced health related quality of life when compared to a control cohort from the general population selected by propensity matched scoring and also to population norms. Nurick score below 3 before laminectomy or at the follow-up visit (mean 83 days after laminectomy) were statistically significant factors for both, better EQ-5D index score and EQ-VAS. Conclusions: As CSM is a progressive condition, some degree of progression even after surgical treatment might occur and therefore need for further interventions may be necessary. However, the development of post-laminectomy kyphosis and need for correction of sagittal alignment problems is rare. Large randomized studies comparing different approaches would be needed to determine the optimal treatment for multilevel CSM. However, the very low incidence of kyphosis development after laminectomy and in particularly the low rate of corrective surgery needed for alignment issues per se well justifies the role of simple laminectomy in treatment of multilevel CSM.
  • Rajala, K.; Lehto, J. T.; Sutinen, E.; Kautiainen, H.; Myllärniemi, M.; Saarto, T. (2018)
    BackgroundIdiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic disease with a high symptom burden and poor survival that influences patients' health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We aimed to evaluate IPF patients' symptoms and HRQOL in a well-documented clinical cohort during their last two years of life.MethodsIn April 2015, we sent the Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale (MMRC), the modified Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS) and a self-rating HRQOL questionnaire (RAND-36) to 300 IPF patients, of which 247 (82%) responded. Thereafter, follow-up questionnaires were sent every six months for two years.ResultsNinety-two patients died by August 2017. Among these patients, HRQOL was found to be considerably low already two years before death. The most prominent declines in HRQOL occurred in physical function, vitality, emotional role and social functioning (p
  • Rajala, K.; Lehto, J. T; Sutinen, E.; Kautiainen, H.; Myllärniemi, M.; Saarto, T. (BioMed Central, 2018)
    Abstract Background Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic disease with a high symptom burden and poor survival that influences patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We aimed to evaluate IPF patients’ symptoms and HRQOL in a well-documented clinical cohort during their last two years of life. Methods In April 2015, we sent the Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale (MMRC), the modified Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS) and a self-rating HRQOL questionnaire (RAND-36) to 300 IPF patients, of which 247 (82%) responded. Thereafter, follow-up questionnaires were sent every six months for two years. Results Ninety-two patients died by August 2017. Among these patients, HRQOL was found to be considerably low already two years before death. The most prominent declines in HRQOL occurred in physical function, vitality, emotional role and social functioning (p < 0.001). The proportion of patients with MMRC scores ≥3 increased near death. Breathlessness and fatigue were the most severe symptoms. Symptom severity for the following symptoms increased significantly and reached the highest mean scores during the last six months of life (numeric rating scale/standard deviation): breathlessness (7.1/2.8), tiredness (7.0/2.3), dry mouth (6.0/3.0), cough (5.8/2.9), and pain with movement (5.0/3.5). Conclusions To our knowledge this is the first study demonstrating, that IPF patients experience remarkably low HRQOL already two years before death, especially regarding physical role. In addition, they suffer from severe breathlessness and fatigue. Furthermore, physical, social and emotional wellbeing deteriorate, and symptom burden increases near death. Regular symptom and HRQOL measurements are essential to assess palliative care needs in patients with IPF.
  • Suominen, Pertti K.; Vahatalo, Raisa (2012)