Browsing by Subject "Hepatitis C"

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  • Färkkilä, Martti (2016)
  • Häkkinen, Margareeta; Tourunen, Jouni; Pitkänen, Tuuli; Vuoti, Sauli; Simojoki, Kaarlo (2019)
    A-klinikan toteuttama pilottitutkimus osoittaa opioidikorvauspotilaiden C-hepatiitin hoidon onnistuvan päihdehoitopisteissä. Samalla korvaushoito tehostui ja potilaiden elämäntilanne koheni.
  • Färkkilä, Martti; Rautiainen, Henna (2019)
  • Miettinen, Helena; Sane, Timo; Lamminen, Antti; Välimäki, Matti J. (2017)
  • Laivuori, Tove (Helsingfors universitet, 2010)
    Tutkimuksen tarkoituksena oli kartoittaa Helsingin ja Uudenmaan sairaanhoitopiirin (HUS) sairaaloissa hoidettujen lasten kroonisten B- ja C-hepatiittien tartuntareittejä ja tartunnan riskitekijöitä sekä selvittää, miten hepatiittien seuranta ja hoito on HUS-piirissä toteutunut. Tutkimusaineisto kerättiin retrospektiivisesti strukturoitua tiedonkeruulomaketta käyttäen HUS-piirin sairaaloiden ja HUSLAB:n arkisto- ja sairauskertomustiedostoja. Potilaiden valintakriteereinä olivat alle 16 vuoden ikä ja laboratoriotutkimuksin varmennettu krooninen B- tai C-hepatiitti vuosien 1996-2006 aikana. B-hepatiittia sairastavista lapsista 61/66 oli syntynyt Suomen ulkopuolella, ja valtaosa heidän tartunnoistaan todettiin maahantulotarkastuksen yhteydessä. C-hepatiittia sairastavista lapsista 28/40 oli syntynyt Suomessa. Maahantulotarkastus sekä päihteiden käyttöön liittyvä seulonta olivat tärkeimmät diagnoosiin johtaneet tutkimustilanteet. Antiviraalisesta lääkehoidosta hyötyi 6/13 B-hepatiittia ja 2/4 C-hepatiittia sairastavista lapsista. HUS-piirissä B-hepatiittia esiintyy lähinnä maahanmuuttajataustaisilla lapsilla. Krooninen C-hepatiitti liittyi lapsen tai hänen vanhempiensa huumeiden käyttöön. Tutkimus korostaa lasten B- ja C-hepatiitin seulonta-, seuranta- ja hoitokäytäntöjä selkeyttävän ohjeistuksen tarvetta.
  • Tiittala, Paula; Ristola, Matti; Liitsola, Kirsi; Ollgren, Jukka; Koponen, Päivikki; Surcel, Heljä-Marja; Hiltunen-Back, Eija; Davidkin, Irja; Kivela, Pia (2018)
    Background: Migrants are considered a key population at risk for sexually transmitted and blood-borne diseases in Europe. Prevalence data to support the design of infectious diseases screening protocols are scarce. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B and C, human immunodefiency virus (HIV) infection and syphilis in specific migrant groups in Finland and to assess risk factors for missed diagnosis. Methods: A random sample of 3000 Kurdish, Russian, or Somali origin migrants in Finland was invited to a migrant population-based health interview and examination survey during 2010-2012. Participants in the health examination were offered screening for hepatitis B and C, HIV and syphilis. Notification prevalence in the National Infectious Diseases Register (NIDR) was compared between participants and non-participants to assess non-participation. Missed diagnosis was defined as test-positive case in the survey without previous notification in NIDR. Inverse probability weighting was used to correct for non-participation. Results: Altogether 1000 migrants were screened for infectious diseases. No difference in the notification prevalence among participants and non-participants was observed. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was 2.3%, hepatitis C antibodies 1.7%, and Treponema pallidum antibodies 1.3%. No cases of HIV were identified. Of all test-positive cases, 61% (34/56) had no previous notification in NIDR. 48% of HBsAg, 62.5% of anti-HCV and 84.6% of anti-Trpa positive cases had been missed. Among the Somali population (n = 261), prevalence of missed hepatitis B diagnosis was 3.0%. Of the 324 Russian migrants, 3.0% had not been previously diagnosed with hepatitis C and 2.4% had a missed syphilis diagnosis. In multivariable regression model missed diagnosis was associated with migrant origin, living alone, poor self-perceived health, daily smoking, and previous diagnosis of another blood-borne infection. Conclusions: More than half of chronic hepatitis and syphilis diagnoses had been missed among migrants in Finland. Undiagnosed hepatitis B among Somali migrants implies post-migration transmission that could be prevented by enhanced screening and vaccinations. Rate of missed diagnoses among Russian migrants supports implementation of targeted hepatitis and syphilis screening upon arrival and also in later health care contacts. Coverage and up-take of current screening among migrants should be evaluated.
  • Tiittala, Paula; Ristola, Matti; Liitsola, Kirsi; Ollgren, Jukka; Koponen, Päivikki; Surcel, Heljä-Marja; Hiltunen-Back, Eija; Davidkin, Irja; Kivelä, Pia (BioMed Central, 2018)
    Abstract Background Migrants are considered a key population at risk for sexually transmitted and blood-borne diseases in Europe. Prevalence data to support the design of infectious diseases screening protocols are scarce. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B and C, human immunodefiency virus (HIV) infection and syphilis in specific migrant groups in Finland and to assess risk factors for missed diagnosis. Methods A random sample of 3000 Kurdish, Russian, or Somali origin migrants in Finland was invited to a migrant population-based health interview and examination survey during 2010–2012. Participants in the health examination were offered screening for hepatitis B and C, HIV and syphilis. Notification prevalence in the National Infectious Diseases Register (NIDR) was compared between participants and non-participants to assess non-participation. Missed diagnosis was defined as test-positive case in the survey without previous notification in NIDR. Inverse probability weighting was used to correct for non-participation. Results Altogether 1000 migrants were screened for infectious diseases. No difference in the notification prevalence among participants and non-participants was observed. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was 2.3%, hepatitis C antibodies 1.7%, and Treponema pallidum antibodies 1.3%. No cases of HIV were identified. Of all test-positive cases, 61% (34/56) had no previous notification in NIDR. 48% of HBsAg, 62.5% of anti-HCV and 84.6% of anti-Trpa positive cases had been missed. Among the Somali population (n = 261), prevalence of missed hepatitis B diagnosis was 3.0%. Of the 324 Russian migrants, 3.0% had not been previously diagnosed with hepatitis C and 2.4% had a missed syphilis diagnosis. In multivariable regression model missed diagnosis was associated with migrant origin, living alone, poor self-perceived health, daily smoking, and previous diagnosis of another blood-borne infection. Conclusions More than half of chronic hepatitis and syphilis diagnoses had been missed among migrants in Finland. Undiagnosed hepatitis B among Somali migrants implies post-migration transmission that could be prevented by enhanced screening and vaccinations. Rate of missed diagnoses among Russian migrants supports implementation of targeted hepatitis and syphilis screening upon arrival and also in later health care contacts. Coverage and up-take of current screening among migrants should be evaluated.
  • Rembeck, Karolina; Maglio, Cristina; Lagging, Martin; Christensen, Peer Brehm; Färkkilä, Martti Antero; Langeland, Nina; Buhl, Mads Rauning; Pedersen, Court; Morch, Kristine; Norkrans, Gunnar; Hellstrand, Kristoffer; Lindh, Magnus; Pirazzi, Carlo; Burza, Maria Antonella; Romeo, Stefano; Westin, Johan; NORDynamIC Grp (2012)
  • Tuohinto, Krista; Ojala, Päivi (2019)
    Selvittämällä virusten syöpää aiheuttavia mekanismeja pystytään paremmin kehittämään rokotteita.