Browsing by Subject "Higgs Physics"

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  • Di Chiara, Stefano; Tuominen, Kimmo (2015)
    We study an extension of the Standard Model featuring a hidden sector that consists of a new scalar charged under a new SU(N)(D) gauge group, singlet under all Standard Model gauge interactions, and coupled with the Standard Model only via a Higgs portal. We assume that the theory is classically conformal, with electroweak symmetry breaking dynamically induced via the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism operating in the hidden sector. Due to the symmetry breaking pattern, the SU(N)(D) gauge group is completely Higgsed and the resulting massive vectors of the hidden sector constitute a stable dark matter candidate. We perform a thorough scan over the parameter space of the model at different values of N = 2, 3, and 4, and investigate the phenomenological constraints. We find that N = 2, 3 provide the most appealing model setting in light of present data from colliders and dark matter direct search experiments. We expect a heavy Higgs to be discovered at LHC by the end of Run II or the N = 3 model to be ruled out.
  • The CMS collaboration; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Eerola, P.; Forthomme, Laurent; Kirschenmann, H.; Österberg, K.; Voutilainen, M.; Bharthuar, Shudhashil; Brücken, Erik; Garcia, F.; Havukainen, J.; Heikkilä, Jaana; Kim, Minsuk; Kinnunen, R.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Laurila, S.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Lotti, Mikko; Luukka, P.; Martikainen, Laura; Myllymäki, Mikael Erkki Johannes; Ott, Jennifer; Pekkanen, Juska; Siikonen, H.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Viinikainen, Jussi; Petrow, H.; Tuuva, T. (2022)
    The first measurement of the CP structure of the Yukawa coupling between the Higgs boson and tau leptons is presented. The measurement is based on data collected in proton-proton collisions at root s = 13 TeV by the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb(-1). The analysis uses the angular correlation between the decay planes of tau leptons produced in Higgs boson decays. The effective mixing angle between CP-even and CP-odd tau Yukawa couplings is found to be -1 +/- 19 degrees, compared to an expected value of 0 +/- 21 degrees at the 68.3% confidence level. The data disfavour the pure CP-odd scenario at 3.0 standard deviations. The results are compatible with predictions for the standard model Higgs boson.
  • Cordero-Cid, A.; Hernandez-Sanchez, J.; Keus, V.; King, S. F.; Moretti, S.; Rojas, D.; Sokolowska, D. (2016)
    We study an extension of the Standard Model (SM) in which two copies of the SM scalar SU(2) doublet which do not acquire a Vacuum Expectation Value (VEV), and hence are inert, are added to the scalar sector. We allow for CP-violation in the inert sector, where the lightest inert state is protected from decaying to SM particles through the conservation of a Z(2) symmetry. The lightest neutral particle from the inert sector, which has a mixed CP-charge due to CP-violation, is hence a Dark Matter (DM) candidate. We discuss the new regions of DM relic density opened up by CP-violation, and compare our results to the CP-conserving limit and the Inert Doublet Model (IDM). We constrain the parameter space of the CP-violating model using recent results from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and DM direct and indirect detection experiments.
  • Huitu, Katri; Keus, Venus; Koivunen, Niko; Lebedev, Oleg (2016)
    ATLAS and CMS have reported an excess in the flavor violating decay of the Higgs boson, h -> mu tau. We show that this result can be accommodated through a mixing of the Higgs with a flavon, the field responsible for generating the Yukawa matrices in the lepton sector. We employ a version of the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism at the electroweak scale, with only the leptons and the flavon transforming non-trivially under the corresponding symmetry group. Non-observation of charged lepton flavor violation (LFV) in other processes imposes important constraints on the model, which we find to be satisfied in substantial regions of parameter space.
  • The CMS collaboration; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Eerola, P.; Forthomme, Laurent; Kirschenmann, H.; Österberg, K.; Voutilainen, M.; Bharthuar, Shudhashil; Brücken, Erik; Garcia, F.; Havukainen, J.; Heikkilä, Jaana; Kim, Minsuk; Kinnunen, R.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Laurila, S.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Lotti, Mikko; Luukka, P.; Martikainen, Laura; Myllymäki, Mikael Erkki Johannes; Ott, Jennifer; Pekkanen, Juska; Siikonen, H.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Viinikainen, Jussi; Petrow, H.; Tuuva, T. (2022)
    A search for flavor-changing neutral current interactions of the top quark (t) and the Higgs boson (H) is presented. The search is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb(-1) recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at root s = 13TeV. Events containing exactly one lepton (muon or electron) and at least three jets, among which at least two are identified as originating from the hadronization of a bottom quark, are analyzed. A set of deep neural networks is used for kinematic event reconstruction, while boosted decision trees distinguish the signal from the background events. No significant excess over the background predictions is observed, and upper limits on the signal production cross sections are extracted. These limits are interpreted in terms of top quark decay branching fractions (B) to the Higgs boson and an up (u) or a charm quark (c). Assuming one nonvanishing extra coupling at a time, the observed (expected) upper limits at 95% confidence level are B(t -> Hu) < 0.079 (0.11)% and B(t -> Hc) < 0.094 (0.086)%.
  • The CMS collaboration; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Eerola, P.; Forthomme, Laurent; Kirschenmann, H.; Österberg, K.; Voutilainen, M.; Bharthuar, Shudhashil; Brücken, Erik; Garcia, F.; Havukainen, J.; Heikkilä, Jaana; Kim, Minsuk; Kinnunen, R.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Laurila, S.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Lotti, Mikko; Luukka, P.; Martikainen, Laura; Myllymäki, Mikael Erkki Johannes; Ott, Jennifer; Pekkanen, Juska; Siikonen, H.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Viinikainen, Jussi; Petrow, H.; Tuuva, T. (2022)
    A search for new heavy resonances decaying to a pair of Higgs bosons (HH) in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is presented. Data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016-2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb(-1). Resonances with a mass between 0.8 and 4.5 TeV are considered using events in which one Higgs boson decays into a bottom quark pair and the other into final states with either one or two charged leptons. Specifically, the single-lepton decay channel HH -> b (b) over bar WW* -> b (b) over bar lvq (q) over bar' and the dilepton decay channels HH -> b (b) over bar WW* -> b (b) over bar lvlv and HH -> b (b) over bar tau tau -> b (b) over bar lvvlvv are examined, where l in the final state corresponds to an electron or muon. The signal is extracted using a two-dimensional maximum likelihood fit of the H -> b (b) over bar jet mass and HH invariant mass distributions. No significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed in data. Model-independent exclusion limits are placed on the product of the cross section and branching fraction for narrow spin-0 and spin-2 massive bosons decaying to HH. The results are also interpreted in the context of radion and bulk graviton production in models with a warped extra spatial dimension. The results provide the most stringent limits to date for X -> HH signatures with final-state leptons and at some masses provide the most sensitive limits of all X -> HH searches.
  • Keus, Venus; Koivunen, Niko; Tuominen, Kimmo (2018)
    We study popular scalar extensions of the Standard Model, namely the singlet extension, the 2-Higgs doublet model (2HDM) and its extension by a singlet scalar. We focus on the contributions of the added scalars to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, (g - 2)(mu), in the presence of CP-violation, and the electric dipole moment of the electron (eEDM) in these models. In the absence of CP-violation, CP-even and CP-odd scalars contribute with an opposite sign to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon and as a result these models generally require very light scalars to explain the observed discrepancy in (g - 2)(mu). We study the effect of CP-violation on the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon and its compatibility with the eEDM constraints. We show that given the current status of the global set of constraints applied on all values of cot beta, in the CP-violating scalar extensions, there exist no viable parameter space in agreement with both a(mu), and eEDM bounds.
  • Gorda, Tyler; Helset, Andreas; Niemi, Lauri; Tenkanen, Tuomas V. I.; Weir, David J. (2019)
    Due to the infrared problem of high-temperature field theory, a robust study of the electroweak phase transition (EWPT) requires use of non-perturbative methods. We apply the method of high-temperature dimensional reduction to the two Higgs doublet model (2HDM) to obtain three-dimensional effective theories that can be used for non-perturbative simulations. A detailed derivation of the mapping between the full four-dimensional and the effective three-dimensional theories is presented. The results will be used in future lattice studies of the 2HDM. In the limit of large mass mixing between the doublets, existing lattice results can be recycled. The results of such a study are presented in a companion paper.