Browsing by Subject "INNER-SPHERE"

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  • Zhilenko, Dmitry; Krivonosova, Olga; Gritsevich, Maria; Read, Peter (2018)
    In this study, we consider how the wave number selection in spherical Couette flow, in the transition to azimuthal waves after the first instability, occurs in the presence of noise. The outer sphere was held stationary, while the inner sphere rotational speed was increased linearly from a subcritical flow to a supercritical one. In a supercritical flow, one of two possible flow states, each with different azimuthal wave numbers, can appear depending upon the initial and final Reynolds numbers and the acceleration value. Noise perturbations were added by introducing small disturbances into the rotational speed signal. With an increasing noise amplitude, a change in the dominant wave number from m to m +/- 1was found to occur at the same initial and final Reynolds numbers and acceleration values. The flow velocity measurements were conducted by using laser Doppler anemometry. Using these results, the role of noise as well as the behaviour of the amplitudes of the competing modes in their stages of damping and growth were determined. Published by AIP Publishing.
  • Krivonosova, O.; Zhilenko, D.; Gritsevich, M. (IOP Publishing, 2019)
    Journal of Physics Conference Series
    Unsteady viscous incompressible flows in a spherical layer due to an increase in the rotation velocity of the inner sphere with constant acceleration are investigated. The acceleration starts at the Reynolds numbers Re corresponding to a stationary flow and ends at Re higher than the stability limit of the stationary flow, whereupon the rotation velocity of the inner sphere remains constant. The outer sphere is fixed and the spherical layer thickness is equal to the inner sphere radius. The inner sphere acceleration effect is studied on both the formation of one of two possible secondary-flow structures after the acceleration has been stopped, namely, traveling azimuthal waves with wavenumbers of 3 or 4, and on the change in the flow structure during the action of the acceleration. It is shown that not only an increase in the acceleration but also a decrease in Re corresponding to the acceleration onset can lead to an increase in the deviation of the instantaneous velocity profiles from their stationary values and can be accompanied by a variation in the secondary flow wavenumber.