Browsing by Subject "INTERNAL TRANSCRIBED SPACER"

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  • Hodgetts, N. G.; Söderström, Lars; Blockeel, T. L.; Caspari, S.; Ignatov, M.S; Konstantinova, Nadezhda A.; Lockhart, N.; Papp, B.; Schröck, C.; Sim-Sim, M.; Bell, D.; Blom, H.; Bruggeman-Nannenga, M. A; Brugues, M; Enroth, Johannes; Garilleti, R.; Flatberg, K. I; Hedenäs, L; Holyoak, D. T; Hugonnot, V; Kariyawasam, I.; Köckinger, H.; Kucera, J.; Lara, F.; Porley, R. D. (2020)
    Introduction. Following on from work on the European bryophyte Red List, the taxonomically and nomenclaturally updated spreadsheets used for that project have been expanded into a new checklist for the bryophytes of Europe. Methods. A steering group of ten European bryologists was convened, and over the course of a year, the spreadsheets were compared with previous European checklists, and all changes noted. Recent literature was searched extensively. A taxonomic system was agreed, and the advice and expertise of many European bryologists sought. Key results. A new European checklist of bryophytes, comprising hornworts, liverworts and mosses, is presented. Fifteen new combinations are proposed. Conclusions. This checklist provides a snapshot of the current European bryophyte flora in 2019. It will already be out-of-date on publication, and further research, particularly molecular work, can be expected to result in many more changes over the next few years.
  • Zamora, Juan Carlos; Svensson, Mans; Kirschner, Roland; Olariaga, Ibai; Ryman, Svengunnar; Alberto Parra, Luis; Geml, Jozsef; Rosling, Anna; Adamcik, Slavomir; Ahti, Teuvo; Aime, M. Catherine; Ainsworth, A. Martyn; Albert, Laszlo; Alberto, Edgardo; Garcia, Alberto Altes; Ageev, Dmitry; Agerer, Reinhard; Aguirre-Hudson, Begona; Ammirati, Joe; Andersson, Harry; Angelini, Claudio; Antonin, Vladimir; Aoki, Takayuki; Aptroot, Andre; Argaud, Didier; Sosa, Blanca Imelda Arguello; Aronsen, Arne; Arup, Ulf; Asgari, Bita; Assyov, Boris; Atienza, Violeta; Bandini, Ditte; Baptista-Ferreira, Joao Luis; Baral, Hans-Otto; Baroni, Tim; Barreto, Robert Weingart; Baker, Henry; Bell, Ann; Bellanger, Jean-Michel; Bellu, Francesco; Bemmann, Martin; Bendiksby, Mika; Bendiksen, Egil; Bendiksen, Katriina; Benedek, Lajos; Beresova-Guttova, Anna; Berger, Franz; Berndt, Reinhard; Bernicchia, Annarosa; Biketova, Alona Yu; Bizio, Enrico; Bjork, Curtis; Boekhout, Teun; Boertmann, David; Bohning, Tanja; Boittin, Florent; Boluda, Carlos G.; Boomsluiter, Menno W.; Borovicka, Jan; Brandrud, Tor Erik; Braun, Uwe; Brodo, Irwin; Bulyonkova, Tatiana; Burdsall, Harold H.; Buyck, Bart; Burgaz, Ana Rosa; Calatayud, Vicent; Callac, Philippe; Campo, Emanuele; Candusso, Massimo; Capoen, Brigitte; Carbo, Joaquim; Carbone, Matteo; Castaneda-Ruiz, Rafael F.; Castellano, Michael A.; Chen, Jie; Clerc, Philippe; Consiglio, Giovanni; Corriol, Gilles; Courtecuisse, Regis; Crespo, Ana; Cripps, Cathy; Crous, Pedro W.; da Silva, Gladstone Alves; da Silva, Meiriele; Dam, Marjo; Dam, Nico; Dammrich, Frank; Das, Kanad; Davies, Linda; De Crop, Eske; De Kesel, Andre; De Lange, Ruben; Bonzi, Barbara De Madrignac; dela Cruz, Thomas Edison E.; Delgat, Lynn; Demoulin, Vincent; Desjardin, Dennis E.; Diederich, Paul; Dima, Balint; Dios, Maria Martha; Divakar, Pradeep Kumar; Douanla-Meli, Clovis; Douglas, Brian; Drechsler-Santos, Elisandro Ricardo; Dyer, Paul S.; Eberhardt, Ursula; Ertz, Damien; Esteve-Raventos, Fernando; Salazar, Javier Angel Etayo; Evenson, Vera; Eyssartier, Guillaume; Farkas, Edit; Favre, Alain; Fedosova, Anna G.; Filippa, Mario; Finy, Peter; Flakus, Adam; Fos, Simon; Fournier, Jacques; Fraiture, Andre; Franchi, Paolo; Molano, Ana Esperanza Franco; Friebes, Gernot; Frisch, Andreas; Fryday, Alan; Furci, Giuliana; Marquez, Ricardo Galan; Garbelotto, Matteo; Garcia-Martin, Joaquina Maria; Otalora, Monica A. Garcia; Sanchez, Dania Garcia; Gardiennet, Alain; Garnica, Sigisfredo; Benavent, Isaac Garrido; Gates, Genevieve; Gerlach, Alice da Cruz Lima; Ghobad-Nejhad, Masoomeh; Gibertoni, Tatiana B.; Grebenc, Tine; Greilhuber, Irmgard; Grishkan, Bella; Groenewald, Johannes Z.; Grube, Martin; Gruhn, Gerald; Gueidan, Cecile; Gulden, Gro; Gusmao, Luis F. P.; Hafellner, Josef; Hairaud, Michel; Halama, Marek; Hallenberg, Nils; Halling, Roy E.; Hansen, Karen; Harder, Christoffer Bugge; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob; Helleman, Stip; Henriot, Alain; Hernandez-Restrepo, Margarita; Herve, Raphael; Hobart, Caroline; Hoffmeister, Mascha; Hoiland, Klaus; Holec, Jan; Holien, Hakon; Hughes, Karen; Hubka, Vit; Huhtinen, Seppo; Ivancevic, Boris; Jagers, Marian; Jaklitsch, Walter; Jansen, AnnaElise; Jayawardena, Ruvishika S.; Jeppesen, Thomas Stjernegaard; Jeppson, Mikael; Johnston, Peter; Jorgensen, Per Magnus; Karnefelt, Ingvar; Kalinina, Liudmila B.; Kantvilas, Gintaras; Karadelev, Mitko; Kasuya, Taiga; Kautmanova, Ivona; Kerrigan, Richard W.; Kirchmair, Martin; Kiyashko, Anna; Knapp, Daniel G.; Knudsen, Henning; Knudsen, Kerry; Knutsson, Tommy; Kolarik, Miroslav; Koljalg, Urmas; Kosuthova, Alica; Koszka, Attila; Kotiranta, Heikki; Kotkova, Vera; Koukol, Ondrej; Kout, Jiri; Kovacs, Gabor M.; Kriz, Martin; Kruys, Asa; Kudera, Viktor; Kudzma, Linas; Kuhar, Francisco; Kukwa, Martin; Kumar, T. K. Arun; Kunca, Vladimir; Kusan, Ivana; Kuyper, Thomas W.; Lado, Carlos; Laessoe, Thomas; Laine, Patrice; Langer, Ewald; Larsson, Ellen; Larsson, Karl-Henrik; Laursen, Gary; Lechat, Christian; Lee, Serena; Lendemer, James C.; Levin, Laura; Lindemann, Uwe; Lindstrom, Hakan; Liu, Xingzhong; Hernandez, Regulo Carlos Llarena; Llop, Esteve; Locsmandi, Csaba; Lodge, Deborah Jean; Loizides, Michael; Lokos, Laszlo; Luangsa-ard, Jennifer; Luderitz, Matthias; Lumbsch, Thorsten; Lutz, Matthias; Mahoney, Dan; Malysheva, Ekaterina; Malysheva, Vera; Manimohan, Patinjareveettil; Mann-Felix, Yasmina; Marques, Guilhermina; Martinez-Gil, Ruben; Marson, Guy; Mata, Gerardo; Matheny, P. Brandon; Mathiassen, Geir Harald; Matocec, Neven; Mayrhofer, Helmut; Mehrabi, Mehdi; Melo, Ireneia; Mesic, Armin; Methven, Andrew S.; Miettinen, Otto; Romero, Ana M. Millanes; Miller, Andrew N.; Mitchell, James K.; Moberg, Roland; Moreau, Pierre-Arthur; Moreno, Gabriel; Morozova, Olga; Morte, Asuncion; Muggia, Lucia; Gonzalez, Guillermo Munoz; Myllys, Leena; Nagy, Istvan; Nagy, Laszlo G.; Neves, Maria Alice; Niemela, Tuomo; Nimis, Pier Luigi; Niveiro, Nicolas; Noordeloos, Machiel E.; Nordin, Anders; Noumeur, Sara Raouia; Novozhilov, Yuri; Nuytinck, Jorinde; Ohenoja, Esteri; Fiuza, Patricia Oliveira; Orange, Alan; Ordynets, Alexander; Ortiz-Santana, Beatriz; Pacheco, Leticia; Pal-Fam, Ferenc; Palacio, Melissa; Palice, Zdenek; Papp, Viktor; Partel, Kadri; Pawlowska, Julia; Paz, Aurelia; Peintner, Ursula; Pennycook, Shaun; Pereira, Olinto Liparini; Daniels, Pablo Perez; Capella, Miguel A. Perez-De-Gregorio; del Amo, Carlos Manuel Perez; Gorjon, Sergio Perez; Perez-Ortega, Sergio; Perez-Vargas, Israel; Perry, Brian A.; Petersen, Jens H.; Petersen, Ronald H.; Pfister, Donald H.; Phukhamsakda, Chayanard; Piatek, Marcin; Piepenbring, Meike; Pino-Bodas, Raquel; Esquivel, Juan Pablo Pinzon; Pirot, Paul; Popov, Eugene S.; Popoff, Orlando; Alvaro, Maria Prieto; Printzen, Christian; Psurtseva, Nadezhda; Purahong, Witoon; Quijada, Luis; Rambold, Gerhard; Ramirez, Natalia A.; Raja, Huzefa; Raspe, Olivier; Raymundo, Tania; Reblova, Martina; Rebriev, Yury A.; Garcia, Juan de Dios Reyes; Ripoll, Miguel Angel Ribes; Richard, Franck; Richardson, Mike J.; Rico, Victor J.; Robledo, Gerardo Lucio; Barbosa, Flavia Rodrigues; Rodriguez-Caycedo, Cristina; Rodriguez-Flakus, Pamela; Ronikier, Anna; Casas, Luis Rubio; Rusevska, Katerina; Saar, Gunter; Saar, Irja; Salcedo, Isabel; Martinez, Sergio M. Salcedo; Montoya, Carlos A. Salvador; Sanchez-Ramirez, Santiago; Sandoval-Sierra, J. Vladimir; Santamaria, Sergi; Monteiro, Josiane Santana; Schroers, Hans Josef; Schulz, Barbara; Schmidt-Stohn, Geert; Schumacher, Trond; Senn-Irlet, Beatrice; Sevcikova, Hana; Shchepin, Oleg; Shirouzu, Takashi; Shiryaev, Anton; Siepe, Klaus; Sir, Esteban B.; Sohrabi, Mohammad; Soop, Karl; Spirin, Viacheslav; Spribille, Toby; Stadler, Marc; Stalpers, Joost; Stenroos, Soili; Suija, Ave; Sunhede, Stellan; Svantesson, Sten; Svensson, Sigvard; Svetasheva, Tatyana Yu; Swierkosz, Krzysztof; Tamm, Heidi; Taskin, Hatira; Taudiere, Adrien; Tedebrand, Jan-Olof; Lahoz, Raul Tena; Temina, Marina; Thell, Arne; Thines, Marco; Thor, Goren; Thus, Holger; Tibell, Leif; Tibell, Sanja; Timdal, Einar; Tkalcec, Zdenko; Tonsberg, Tor; Trichies, Gerard; Triebel, Dagmar; Tsurykau, Andrei; Tulloss, Rodham E.; Tuovinen, Veera; Sosa, Miguel Ulloa; Urcelay, Carlos; Valade, Francois; Garza, Ricardo Valenzuela; van den Boom, Pieter; Van Vooren, Nicolas; Vasco-Palacios, Aida M.; Vauras, Jukka; Santos, Juan Manuel Velasco; Vellinga, Else; Verbeken, Annemieke; Vetlesen, Per; Vizzini, Alfredo; Voglmayr, Hermann; Volobuev, Sergey; von Brackel, Wolfgang; Voronina, Elena; Walther, Grit; Watling, Roy; Weber, Evi; Wedin, Mats; Weholt, Oyvind; Westberg, Martin; Yurchenko, Eugene; Zehnalek, Petr; Zhang, Huang; Zhurbenko, Mikhail P.; Ekmani, Stefan (2018)
    Nomenclatural type definitions are one of the most important concepts in biological nomenclature. Being physical objects that can be re-studied by other researchers, types permanently link taxonomy (an artificial agreement to classify biological diversity) with nomenclature (an artificial agreement to name biological diversity). Two proposals to amend the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN), allowing DNA sequences alone (of any region and extent) to serve as types of taxon names for voucherless fungi (mainly putative taxa from environmental DNA sequences), have been submitted to be voted on at the 11th International Mycological Congress (Puerto Rico, July 2018). We consider various genetic processes affecting the distribution of alleles among taxa and find that alleles may not consistently and uniquely represent the species within which they are contained. Should the proposals be accepted, the meaning of nomenclatural types would change in a fundamental way from physical objects as sources of data to the data themselves. Such changes are conducive to irreproducible science, the potential typification on artefactual data, and massive creation of names with low information content, ultimately causing nomenclatural instability and unnecessary work for future researchers that would stall future explorations of fungal diversity. We conclude that the acceptance of DNA sequences alone as types of names of taxa, under the terms used in the current proposals, is unnecessary and would not solve the problem of naming putative taxa known only from DNA sequences in a scientifically defensible way. As an alternative, we highlight the use of formulas for naming putative taxa (candidate taxa) that do not require any modification of the ICN.
  • Liu, Li-Na; Razaq, Abdul; Atri, Narender Singh; Bau, Tolgor; Belbahri, Lassaad; Bouket, Ali Chenari; Chen, Lai-Ping; Deng, Chu; Ilyas, Sobia; Khalid, Abdul Nasir; Kitaura, Marcos Junji; Kobayashi, Takahito; Li, Yu; Lorenz, Aline Pedroso; Ma, Yuan-Hao; Malysheva, Ekaterina; Malysheva, Vera; Nuytinck, Jorinde; Qiao, Min; Saini, Munruchi Kaur; Scur, Mayara Camila; Sharma, Samidha; Shu, Li-Li; Spirin, Viacheslav; Tanaka, Yoshikazu; Tojo, Motoaki; Uzuhashi, Shihomi; Valerio-Junior, Claudio; Verbeken, Annemieke; Verma, Balwant; Wu, Ri-Han; Xu, Jian-Ping; Yu, Ze-Fen; Zeng, Hui; Zhang, Bo; Banerjee, Arghya; Beddiar, Arifa; Bordallo, Juan-Julian; Dafri, Ahlem; Dima, Balint; Krisai-Greilhuber, Irmgard; Lorenzini, Marilinda; Mandal, Raghunath; Morte, Asuncion; Nath, Partha Sarathi; Papp, Viktor; Pavlik, Jozef; Rodriguez, Antonio; Sevcikova, Hana; Urban, Alexander; Voglmayr, Hermann; Zapparoli, Giacomo (2018)
    Eight new species presented are Calostoma areolatum collected in Wuyishan National Park (China), Crinipellis bidens from Hubei Province (China), Lactifluus sainii from Himalayan India, Inocybe elata from Yunnan (China), Inocybe himalayensis from Pakistan. Specimens previously identified as Massalongia carnosa represent a new species, namely M. patagonica restricted to southern South America. Saprolegnia maragheica is a new oomycete species of fresh water in Maraghe (Iran). Uncispora wuzhishanensis is a new aquatic hyphomycete species. A type specimen of Raddetes turkestanicus was studied and based on this the new combination Conocybe turkestanica, is proposed. Argyranthemum frutescens is a new host for Alternaria alternata and Syzygium cumini for Phyllosticta capitalensis in India. Crepidotus ehrendorferi is confirmed for Hungary and Pluteus leucoborealis for Central Europe, and for the phytogeographical region of Carpaticum. Pseudopithomyces palmicola is shown to occur on grapevine and it is validated by adding a unique identifier. Terfezia fanfani is reported first from Algeria.