Browsing by Subject "Inflammatory bowel disease"

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  • Vitikainen, Krista; Haapamaki, Johanna; Farkkila, Martti; Anttila, Veli-Jukka; Arkkila, Perttu (2018)
    Objective: Characterization of predisposing factors for Clostridium difficile infection recurrence (rCDI) and outcome in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients.Methods: Clinical characteristics of 167 inflammatory bowel disease patients with Clostridium difficile infection (IBD-CDI cohort) treated in Helsinki University Central Hospital were gathered. Medical history of the last three months preceding a toxin positive CDI test was recorded. Parameters, including ribotype of C. difficile, mortality and recurrence were compared with age and gender-matched C. difficile patients (CDI cohort).Results: No difference was found in rCDI between IBD-CDI and CDI cohorts. As compared with IBD subtypes, rCDI was least common among patients with Crohn's disease. The use of immunosuppressant therapy was higher in IBD patients with two or more CDI episodes. C. difficile ribotype 027 increased the rates for rCDI in IBD patients but not in non-IBD-CDI patients. The prevalence of 027 ribotype and mortality rates did not differ significantly among the cohorts. None of the IBD patients underwent colectomy upon CDI.Conclusion: IBD patients are not more susceptible for rCDI than non-IBD patients. Predisposing factors for rCDI among IBD patients are associated with immunosuppressant treatments, colon affecting IBD and CDI caused by ribotype 027. CDI does not worsen the prognosis of IBD patients.
  • Castaneda, Anu E.; Tuulio-Henriksson, Annamari; Aronen, Eeva T.; Marttunen, Mauri; Kolho, Kaija-Leena (2013)
  • Eronen, Heli; Kolehmainen, Sara; Koffert, Jukka; Koskinen, Inka; Oksanen, Pia; Jussila, Airi; Huhtala, Heini; Sipponen, Taina; Ilus, Tuire (2022)
    Background and aims Therapy with two concomitant biologicals targeting different inflammatory pathways has emerged as a new therapy option for treatment refractory inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Data on the efficacy and safety of dual biological therapy (DBT) are scarce and are investigated in this study. Materials and methods Data on all patients treated with a combination of two biologicals in four Finnish tertiary centres were collected and analysed. Remission was assessed by a physician on the basis of biomarkers, endoscopic evaluation and alleviation of symptoms. Results A total of 16 patients with 22 trials of DBT were included. Fifteen patients had Crohn's disease. The most common combination of DBT was adalimumab (ADA) and ustekinumab (USTE; 36%) with median follow-up of nine months (range 2-31). Altogether seven (32%) patients were in remission at the end of follow-up and in two trials response to DBT was assessed to be partial with the relief of patient symptoms. In a total of four trials DBT reduced the need for corticosteroids. The majority of patients achieving a response to DBT were treated with the combination of ADA and USTE (56%). At the end of follow-up all nine (41%) patients responding to DBT continued treatment. Infection complications occurred in three patients (19%). Conclusion DBT is a promising alternative treatment for refractory IBD, and half of our patients benefitted from it. More data on the efficacy and safety of DBT are needed especially in long-term follow up.
  • Toresson, L.; Steiner, J. M.; Razdan, P.; Spodsberg, E.; Olmedal, G.; Suchodolski, J. S.; Spillmann, T. (2018)
    The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of parenteral and oral cobalamin supplementation protocols in dogs with chronic enteropathies and low cobalamin concentrations. It was hypothesised that both treatments would increase serum cobalamin concentrations significantly. Fifty-three dogs with chronic enteropathies and serum cobalamin concentrations <285 ng/L (reference interval 244-959 ng/L) were enrolled. Dogs were randomised to treatment with either daily oral cobalamin tablets (0.25-1.0 mg cyanocobalamin daily according to body weight) or parenteral cobalamin (0.4-1.2 mg hydroxycobalamin according to body weight). Serum cobalamin concentrations were analysed 28 +/- 5 days and 90 +/- 15 days after initiation of supplementation. After 28 days, all dogs had serum cobalamin concentrations within the reference interval or above. In the parenteral group (n = 26), median (range) cobalamin concentrations were 228 (150-285) ng/L at inclusion, 2107 (725-10,009) ng/L after 28 days and 877 (188-1267) ng/L after 90 days. In the oral group (n = 27), median (range) serum cobalamin concentrations were 245 (150-285) ng/L at inclusion, 975 (564-2385) ng/L after 28 days and 1244 (738-4999) ng/L after 90 days. In both groups, there were significant differences in serum cobalamin concentrations between baseline and 28 days, and between 28 days and 90 days (P <0.001). In conclusion, both parenteral and oral cobalamin supplementation effectively increase serum cobalamin concentrations in dogs with chronic enteropathies and low cobalamin concentrations. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Toresson, L.; Steiner, J. M.; Spodsberg, E.; Olmedal, G.; Suchodolski, J. S.; Lidbury, J. A.; Spillmann, T. (2019)
    The objective of this study was to compare the effects of parenteral (PE) versus oral (PO) cobalamin supplementation on serum methylmalonic acid (MMA) and homocysteine (HCY) concentrations in dogs with hypocobalaminaemia. Thirty-six dogs with serum cobalamin concentrations below 285 ng/L (reference interval (RI): 244-959 ng/L) were treated with PO (0.25-1.0 mg daily) or PE cobalamin (0.25-1.2 mg/injection) using a block-randomized schedule. Serum MMA and HCY concentrations were analysed at day 0, 28 and 90 after start of supplementation. There was no significant difference between the PO and PE group regarding serum MMA or HCY concentrations at any time point. Median (range, P comparing baseline and 28 days, P comparing 28 days and 90 days) serum MMA concentrations (nmol/L; RI 415-1193) were 932 (566-2468) in the PO and 943 (508-1900) in the PE group at baseline, respectively, 705 (386-1465, P
  • Jongsma, Maria M. E.; Vuijk, Stephanie A.; Cozijnsen, Martinus A.; van Pieterson, Merel; Norbruis, Obbe F.; Groeneweg, Michael; Wolters, Victorien M.; van Wering, Herbert M.; Hojsak, Iva; Kolho, Kaija-Leena; van Wijk, Michiel P.; Teklenburg-Roord, Sarah T. A.; de Meij, Tim G. J.; Escher, Johanna C.; de Ridder, Lissy (2022)
    To induce remission in luminal paediatric Crohn's disease (CD), the ESPGHAN/ECCO guideline recommends treatment with exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) or oral corticosteroids. In newly diagnosed moderate-to-severe paediatric CD patients, we determined the proportion of patients in which EEN or corticosteroids induced remission and maintained remission on azathioprine monotherapy. We included patients from the "TISKids" study assigned to the conventional treatment arm. Patients were aged 3-17 years and had new-onset, untreated luminal CD with weighted paediatric CD activity index (wPCDAI)> 40. Induction treatment consisted of EEN or oral corticosteroids; all received azathioprine maintenance treatment from start of treatment. The primary outcome of this study was endoscopic remission defined as a SES-CD score Conclusion: In children with moderate-to-severe newly diagnosed CD, induction treatment with EEN or CS regularly is insufficient to achieve endoscopic remission without treatment escalation at week 10.
  • Hukkinen, Maria; Pakarinen, Mikko Petteri; Merras-Salmio, Laura; Koivusalo, Antti; Rintala, Risto; Kolho, Kaija-Leena (2016)
    Background: Fecal calprotectin (FC) correlates with endoscopic recurrence of Crohn's disease (CD) in adults but has not been studied among children postoperatively. We aimed to analyze whether FC relates with postoperative CD recurrence in children. Methods: Altogether 51 postoperative endoscopies and FC measurements from 22 patients having undergone surgery for CD at age Results: Ileocecal resection (n = 15), small bowel resection (n = 6), or left hemicolectomy (n = 1) was performed at median age of 15.1 (interquartile range 14.4-17.6) years. Following surgery, FC decreased significantly (659 vs. 103 mu g/g, p = 0.001). During median follow-up of 5.7 (4.2-7.7) years, either endoscopic or histological recurrence occurred in 17 patients (77%). FC > 139 mu g/g at time of endoscopy or FC increase of 79 mu g/g compared to first postoperative value was suggestive of endoscopic recurrence (Rutgeerts score i2-i4), while FC > 101 mu g/g or increase of 21 mu g/g indicated histological recurrence. Best accuracy for prediction of recurrence was obtained by combining FC at endoscopy and the postoperative increase of FC. The corresponding AUROC values were 0.74 (95% 0.58-0.89) for endoscopic recurrence whereas 0.81 (95% CI 0.67-0.95) for histological recurrence. Conclusion: FC is a useful surrogate marker of postoperative recurrence also in pediatric CD patients. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Rossen, Noortje G.; MacDonald, John K.; de Vries, Elisabeth M.; D'Haens, Geert R.; de Vos, Willem M.; Zoetendal, Erwin G.; Ponsioen, Cyriel Y. (2015)
    AIM: To study the clinical efficacy and safety of Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). We systematically reviewed FMT used as clinical therapy. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and Conference proceedings from inception to July, 2013. Treatment effect of FMT was calculated as the percentage of patients who achieved clinical improvement per patient category, on an intention-to-treat basis. RESULTS: We included 45 studies; 34 on Clostridium difficile-infection (CDI), 7 on inflammatory bowel disease, 1 on metabolic syndrome, 1 on constipation, 1 on pouchitis and 1 on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In CDI 90% resolution of diarrhea in 33 case series (n = 867) was reported, and 94% resolution of diarrhea after repeated FMT in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) (n = 16). In ulcerative colitis (UC) remission rates of 0% to 68% were found (n = 106). In Crohn's disease (CD) (n = 6), no benefit was observed. In IBS, 70% improvement of symptoms was found (n = 13). 100% Reversal of symptoms was observed in constipation (n = 3). In pouchitis, none of the patients (n = 8) achieved remission. One RCT showed significant improvement of insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome (n = 10). Serious adverse events were rare. CONCLUSION: FMT is highly effective in CDI, and holds promise in UC. As for CD, chronic constipation, pouchitis and IBS data are too limited to draw conclusions. FMT increases insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome.
  • Repo, Marleena; Pessi, Johanna; Wirtanen, Eelis; Hiltunen, Pauliina; Huhtala, Heini; Kivelä, Laura; Kurppa, Kalle (2022)
    Objective Assessment of the upper gastrointestinal tract (UGI) may enable more personalized treatment strategies in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, data on the frequency and significance of these findings remain limited. Methods Data on 132 pediatric IBD patients with systematic UGI sampling were collected and the baseline characteristics and presence of complications compared between those with and without histological UGI findings. The control group comprised 162 children who received no diagnoses. Results Seventy-six children had ulcerative colitis (UC), 47 Crohn's disease (CD) and nine IBD unclassified. UGI findings were more common in IBD patients than controls (69.7% vs. 30.9%, respectively, p < .001), particularly in the stomach (62.1% vs. 16.8%; p < .001). Among IBD patients, findings were more common in CD than in UC (80.9% vs. 63.2%; p = .038), particularly in the duodenum (21.3% vs. 2.6%, p = .001). Four patients had UGI granulomas consistent with CD. Hypoalbuminemia (OR 3.22; 95% CI 1.18-8.79) and failure to thrive (2.82; 1.17-6.78) increased the likelihood of UGI findings in IBD. In CD, perianal morbidity was less common in those with than in those without UGI findings (13.2% vs. 44.4%; p = .032) whereas in UC, UGI findings increased the risk for co-morbidities (18.8% vs. 3.6%; p = .059). The long-term outcomes did not differ between patients with or without UGI findings. Conclusions Histologic UGI findings were more common in children with IBD than in children with no gastrointestinal diagnoses. In CD, UGI findings were more frequent than in UC, especially in the duodenum. In UC, UGI findings were associated with more complex disease.
  • Koskela, Mikael; Nihtilä, Julia; Ylinen, Elisa; Kolho, Kaija-Leena; Nuutinen, Matti; Ritari, Jarmo; Jahnukainen, Timo (2021)
    Background The pathophysiology of Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is still unclear, but several findings suggest that genetic factors may influence disease susceptibility. We aimed to perform a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in pediatric HSP patients with an emphasis on severe HSP nephritis. Methods The study included 46 HSP patients, 42 of whom had undergone kidney biopsy. Forty-nine pediatric patients with an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) served as an autoimmune disease control group while Finnish bone marrow and blood donors represented the general reference population (n = 18,757). GWAS was performed for HSP and IBD samples in a case-control manner against the reference population. The analysis also included imputation of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles. Results GWAS analysis in HSP revealed several polymorphisms from the HLA region that surpassed the genome-wide significance level. Three HLA class II alleles were also significantly more frequent in HSP than in the reference population: DQA1*01:01, DQB1*05:01, and DRB1*01:01. Haplotype DQA1*01:01/DQB1*05:01/DRB1*01:01 occurred in 43.5% of HSP patients, whereas its frequency was 8.2% in IBD patients and 15.0% in the reference population. HSP patients with this haplotype showed similar baseline clinical findings and outcome as HSP patients negative for the haplotype. In IBD patients, no polymorphism or HLA allele appeared significant at the genome-wide level. Conclusions Our results suggest that haplotype DQA1*01:01/DQB1*05:01/DRB1*01:01 is associated with susceptibility to HSP, but not with the severity of the kidney involvement. These HLA associations did not occur in IBD patients, suggesting that they are specific to HSP and not related to susceptibility to autoimmune diseases in general.
  • Hämäläinen, Moona (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Suomessa tulehduksellisten suolistosairauksien esiintyvyys on kasvussa. Yksi toissijaisista lääkkeistä sairauteen on biologinen lääke infliksimabi, joka on TNF-alfa-estäjä. TNF-alfa on tärkeä sytokiini tulehduksellisissa sairauksissa. Infliksimabista vain noin 1/3 saa hyvän hoitovasteen. 1/3 ei saa vastetta ollenkaan, ja 1/3 menettää saadun vasteen, eikä vastetta osata ennustaa. Tämän tutkimuksen tarkoituksena oli etsiä biomarkkereita geeniekspressioprofiileista RNA-sekvensoinnilla ja ymmärtää erilaisten lääkevasteiden eroja. Tutkielmassa tutkittiin 15 potilaan veren valkosolujen geeniekspressioita ennen (0vk) ja jälkeen (12vk) infliksimabihoidon, sekä verrattiin vasteensaajien ja ei-vasteensaajien geeniekspressioiden profiileja. RNA eristettiin näytteistä, sekvensoitiin ja analysoitiin Chipster-ohjelmalla. Ekspressiotasot erosivat merkitsevästi aikapisteiden välillä 17 geenin osalta, joista tärkein on DUSP2-geeni. DUSP2 laskee epäsuorasti interleukiini-17 pitoisuutta, jolloin tulehdusreaktio vaimenee. Verrattaessa vasteensaajien ja osittaisen vasteensaajien geeniekspressioprofiileja ennen ja jälkeen hoidon, ei selvää trendiä näkynyt geenien ilmentymisessä. Tutkimuksessa ei ollut mukana 12 viikon näytteitä ei-vasteensaajilla, joten siihen ei voitu verrata. Tässä tutkimuksessa ei löytynyt biomarkkeria infliksimabin hoitovasteen ennustamiselle, mutta saatiin tärkeää tietoa DUSP2-geenin aktiivisuudesta. Kaikilla infliksimabihoidon saaneilla DUSP2- geenin ekspressio nousi veressä.
  • Hämäläinen, Anssi-Petteri (Helsingfors universitet, 2010)
    IBD- ja reumasairaudet ovat elämänlaatua merkittävästi heikentäviä, kroonisia tulehduksellisia sairauksia, joiden keskivaikeiden ja vakavien muotojen hoidossa suoneen annettava biologinen TNF-alfa -tulehdustekijän vasta-aine infliksimabi (Remicade®) on vankassa asemassa. Infliksimabin hyvän tehon kääntöpuolena esiintyy yleisesti haittoja, joista infuusion aikana tai pian sen jälkeen ilmenevät allergistyyppiset reaktiot ovat hoitoa hankaloittava ja jopa vaarallinen alaluokka. Infuusioreaktioiden estoon ei nykyisellään ole todistettavasti tehokkaita keinoja. Parasetamoli ja setiritsiini osoittautuivat tässä käyttötarkoituksessa tehottomiksi. HUS:n Lasten ja nuorten sairaalassa aloitettiin 11.3.2009 hoitokokeilu asetosalisyylihapolla (ASA, Disperin®), annosteltuna painonmukaisesti per os, päämääränä selvittää prospektiivisesti ASA:n käyttömahdollisuudet infuusioreaktioiden ehkäisyssä. Tämän tutkielman aineisto kerättiin esilääkekokeilun alun ja 24.6.2010 välisellä ajalla (yhteensä 67 viikkoa) infliksimabi-infuusiossa Lasten ja nuorten sairaalan osasto 2:lla käyneiden IBD- ja reumapotilaiden asiakirjoista. Vain 1 (0,2 %) ASA:n kanssa annetuista infuusioista johti infuusioreaktioon kun aiemmin parasetamolin ja setiritsiinin kanssa todettiin 11 (2,9 %) reaktiota. GraphPad Prism 5 -ohjelmistolla tehdyn tilastoanalyysin perusteella tulokset osoittavat ASA:n olevan erittäin lupaava infuusioreaktioiden estolääke.
  • Voutilainen, Markku; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Tossavainen, Päivi; Sipponen, Taina; Pitkänen, Niina; Laitinen, Tomi; Jokinen, Eero; Rönnemaa, Tapani; Viikari, Jorma S. A.; Raitakari, Olli T.; Juonala, Markus (2018)
    Background and aims: Several genetic and environmental risk factors have been linked to chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The incidence of IBD has significantly increased in developed countries during last decades. The aim of the present study was to examine childhood risk factors for subsequent IBD diagnosis in a longitudinal cohort study of children and adolescents. Methods: A Finnish study population consisting of 3551 children and adolescents originally evaluated as part of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study in 1980. At baseline, participant BMI, insulin, lipid, C-reactive protein and blood pressure levels, socioeconomic position, dietary habits, and physical activity, were evaluated. In addition, information was gathered on rural residency, severe infections, breast feeding, parental smoking and birth weight. Subsequent IBD diagnosis status was evaluated based on nationwide registries on hospitalisations and drug imbursement decisions. Results: Altogether, 49 participants (1.4%) had IBD diagnosed during the 34 years of register follow-up, of which 31 had ulcerative colitis, 12 Crohn's disease and 6 undetermined colitis. In univariate analyses, significant correlations were observed between childhood HDL-cholesterol (risk ratio (95% CI) for 1-SD change (0.58 (0.42-0.79)) and CRP concentrations (1.20 (1.01-1.43)) with IBD. The inverse association between HDL-cholesterol and IBD remained significant (0.57 (0.39-0.82)) in a multivariable model including data on age, sex and CRP. In addition, a weighted genetic z-score of 71 single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with elevated HDL-cholesterol levels was significantly lower in IBD patients, p = 0.01). Conclusion: Low childhood HDL-cholesterol levels are associated with subsequent IBD diagnosis. In addition, a genetic risk score associated with low HDL-cholesterol levels predict later IBD suggesting that HDL-cholesterol metabolism might have a role in the pathogenesis of IBD. (C) 2018 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Piekkala, Maija; Hagström, Jaana; Tanskanen, Maarit; Rintala, Risto; Haglund, Caj; Kolho, Kaija-Leena (2013)
  • Rintamäki, Hanne; Salo, Harri M.; Vaarala, Outi; Kolho, Kaija-Leena (2010)
  • Puolanne, Anna-Maija; Kolho, Kaija-Leena; Alfthan, Henrik; Ristimäki, Ari; Mustonen, Harri; Färkkilä, Martti (2017)
    Fecal calprotectin is a reliable surrogate marker for inflammatory activity in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). For the noninvasive monitoring of the activity of colonic inflammation, we validated a symptom index suitable for ulcerative colitis and colonic Crohn's disease. By combining the symptom index with a rapid semi-quantitative calprotectin test, we constructed a new activity index based on the highest AUCs, using histological remission as a reference. We also evaluated the correlation of the patient-reported influence of the IBD in the daily life, measured by a VAS, with the inflammation activity. The disease activity of 72 patients with IBD of the colon was determined by endoscopic activity scores (SES-CD/UCEIS). The patients provided stool samples for determination of calprotectin and filled in a questionnaire about their symptoms during the last week. The results of the symptom index demonstrated a statistically significant correlation with the rapid calprotectin test, histological inflammation activity, and the VAS. No correlations were found between the VAS and calprotectin or the histological inflammation activity. The sensitivity of the combination index to detect active inflammation was slightly superior to fecal calprotectin alone. The new symptom index and the combination index are simple, noninvasive means for distinguishing remission from active inflammation in colonic IBD. With the VAS, we can pick up patients who need psychosocial support because of the disease burden, even if their IBD is in remission.
  • Singh, Arshdeep; Mahajan, Ramit; Kedia, Saurabh; Dutta, Amit Kumar; Anand, Abhinav; Bernstein, Charles N.; Desai, Devendra; Pai, C. Ganesh; Makharia, Govind; Tevethia, Harsh Vardhan; Mak, Joyce W. Y.; Kaur, Kirandeep; Peddi, Kiran; Ranjan, Mukesh Kumar; Arkkila, Perttu; Kochhar, Rakesh; Banerjee, Rupa; Sinha, Saroj Kant; Ng, Siew Chien; Hanauer, Stephen; Verma, Suhang; Dutta, Usha; Midha, Vandana; Mehta, Varun; Ahuja, Vineet; Sood, Ajit (2022)
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), once considered a disease of the Western hemisphere, has emerged as a global disease. As the disease prevalence is on a steady rise, management of IBD has come under the spotlight. 5-Aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immunosuppressive agents and biologics are the backbone of treatment of IBD. With the advent of biologics and small molecules, the need for surgery and hospitalization has decreased. However, economic viability and acceptability is an important determinant of local prescription patterns. Nearly one-third of the patients in West receive biologics as the first/initial therapy. The scenario is different in developing countries where biologics are used only in a small proportion of patients with IBD. Increased risk of reactivation of tuberculosis and high cost of the therapy are limitations to their use. Thiopurines hence become critical for optimal management of patients with IBD in these regions. However, approximately one-third of patients are intolerant or develop adverse effects with their use. This has led to suboptimal use of thiopurines in clinical practice. This review article discusses the clinical aspects of thiopurine use in patients with IBD with the aim of optimizing their use to full therapeutic potential.
  • De Simone, Belinda; Davies, Justin; Chouillard, Elie; Di Saverio, Salomone; Hoentjen, Frank; Tarasconi, Antonio; Sartelli, Massimo; Biffl, Walter L; Ansaloni, Luca; Coccolini, Federico; Chiarugi, Massimo; De’Angelis, Nicola; Moore, Ernest E; Kluger, Yoram; Abu-Zidan, Fikri; Sakakushev, Boris; Coimbra, Raul; Celentano, Valerio; Wani, Imtiaz; Pintar, Tadeja; Sganga, Gabriele; Di Carlo, Isidoro; Tartaglia, Dario; Pikoulis, Manos; Cardi, Maurizio; De Moya, Marc A; Leppäniemi, Ari; Kirkpatrick, Andrew; Agnoletti, Vanni; Poggioli, Gilberto; Carcoforo, Paolo; Baiocchi, Gian L; Catena, Fausto (BioMed Central, 2021)
    Abstract Background Despite the current therapeutic options for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, surgery is still frequently required in the emergency setting, although the number of cases performed seems to have decreased in recent years. The World Society of Emergency Surgery decided to debate in a consensus conference of experts, the main pertinent issues around the management of inflammatory bowel disease in the emergent situation, with the need to provide focused guidelines for acute care and emergency surgeons. Method A group of experienced surgeons and gastroenterologists were nominated to develop the topics assigned and answer the questions addressed by the Steering Committee of the project. Each expert followed a precise analysis and grading of the studies selected for review. Statements and recommendations were discussed and voted at the Consensus Conference of the 6th World Society of Emergency Surgery held in Nijmegen (The Netherlands) in June 2019. Conclusions Complicated inflammatory bowel disease requires a multidisciplinary approach because of the complexity of this patient group and disease spectrum in the emergency setting, with the aim of obtaining safe surgery with good functional outcomes and a decreasing stoma rate where appropriate.
  • De Simone, Belinda; Davies, J; Chouillard, E; Di Saverio, S; Hoentjen, F; Tarasconi, A; Sartelli, M; Biffl, WL; Ansaloni, L; Coccolini, F; Chiarugi, M; De'Angelis, N; Moore, EE; Kluger, Y; Abu-Zidan, F; Sakakushev, B; Coimbra, R; Celentano, V; Wani, I; Pintar, T; Sganga, G; Di Carlo, I; Tartaglia, D; Pikoulis, M; Cardi, M; De Moya, MA; Leppaniemi, A; Kirkpatrick, A; Agnoletti, V; Poggioli, G; Carcoforo, P; Baiocchi, GL; Catena, F (2021)
    Background Despite the current therapeutic options for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, surgery is still frequently required in the emergency setting, although the number of cases performed seems to have decreased in recent years. The World Society of Emergency Surgery decided to debate in a consensus conference of experts, the main pertinent issues around the management of inflammatory bowel disease in the emergent situation, with the need to provide focused guidelines for acute care and emergency surgeons. Method A group of experienced surgeons and gastroenterologists were nominated to develop the topics assigned and answer the questions addressed by the Steering Committee of the project. Each expert followed a precise analysis and grading of the studies selected for review. Statements and recommendations were discussed and voted at the Consensus Conference of the 6th World Society of Emergency Surgery held in Nijmegen (The Netherlands) in June 2019. Conclusions Complicated inflammatory bowel disease requires a multidisciplinary approach because of the complexity of this patient group and disease spectrum in the emergency setting, with the aim of obtaining safe surgery with good functional outcomes and a decreasing stoma rate where appropriate.