Browsing by Subject "Keratinocytes"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-3 of 3
  • Gursoy, Ulvi K.; Gursoy, Mervi; Kononen, Eija; Sintim, Herman O.; Uitto, Veli-Jukka; Syrjanen, Stina (2016)
    In construction of epithelial cells as multilayers, the cells are grown submerged to confluence on fibroblast-embedded collagen gels and, then, lifted to air to promote their stratification. We recently demonstrated that gingival epithelial cells form uniform monolayers on semi-permeable nitrocellulose membranes, supported with a semi-solid growth medium, which allows the cells to grow at an air-liquid-solid interface from the beginning of the culturing protocol. In this study, the aim was to further develop our previous model to form a multilayered gingival epithelial culture model. Two different epithelial cell lines (HaCaT from skin and HMK from gingiva) were used in all experiments. Both cell lines were grown first as monolayers for 3 days. After that, keratinocytes were trypsinized, counted and seeded on a sterile semi-permeable nitrocellulose membrane placed on the top of a semi-solid growth medium, forming an air-liquid-solid interface for the cells to grow. At days 1, 4, and 7, epithelial cells were fixed, embedded in paraffin, and sectioned for routine Hematoxylin-Eosin staining and immunohistochemistry for cytokeratin (Ck). At day 1, HMK cells grew as monolayers, while HaCaT cells stratified forming an epithelium with two to three layers. At day 4, a stratified epithelium in the HMK model had four to five layers and its proliferation continued up to day 7. HaCaT cells formed a dense and weakly proliferating epithelium with three to four layers of stratification at day 4 but the proliferation disappeared at day 7. At all days, both models were strongly positive for Ck5, Ck7, and Ck 19, and weakly positive for Ck10. Gingival epithelial cells stratify successfully on semi-permeable nitrocellulose membranes, supported with a semi-solid growth medium. This technique allows researchers to construct uniform gingival epithelial cell multilayers at an air-liquid-solid interface, without using collagen gels, resulting in a more reproducible method.
  • Klaas, Mariliis; Maemets-Allas, Kristina; Heinmäe, Elizabeth; Lagus, Heli; Arak, Terje; Eller, Mart; Kingo, Kulli; Kankuri, Esko; Jaks, Viljar (2022)
    Olfactomedin-4 (OLFM4) is an olfactomedin-domain-containing glycoprotein, which regulates cell adhesion, proliferation, gastrointestinal inflammation, innate immunity and cancer metastasis. In the present study we investigated its role in skin regeneration. We found that OLFM4 expression is transiently upregulated in the proliferative phase of cutaneous wound healing in humans as well as in mice. Moreover, a significant increase in OLFM4 expression was detected in the skin of lesional psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by keratinocyte hyperproliferation. In vitro experiments demonstrated that OLFM4 selectively stimulated keratinocyte proliferation and increased both keratinocyte and fibroblast migration. Using proteotranscriptomic pathway analysis we revealed that transcription factors POU5F1/OCT4 and ESR1 acted as hubs for OLFM4-induced signalling in keratinocytes. In vivo experiments utilizing mouse splinted full-thickness cutaneous wound healing model showed that application of recombinant OLFM4 protein can significantly improve wound healing efficacy. Taken together, our results suggest that OLFM4 acts as a transiently upregulated inflammatory signal that promotes wound healing by regulating both dermal and epidermal cell compartments of the skin.
  • Mäemets-Allas, Kristina; Klaas, Mariliis; Cardenas-Leon, Claudia Griselda; Arak, Terje; Kankuri, Esko; Jaks, Viljar (2023)
    As in other mammalian tissues, the extracellular matrix (ECM) of skin functions as mechanical support and regulative environment that guides the behavior of the cells. ECM is a gel-like structure that is primarily composed of structural and nonstructural proteins. While the content of structural proteins is stable, the level of nonstructural ECM proteins, such as thrombospondin-4 (THBS4), is dynamically regulated. In a previous work we demonstrated that THBS4 stimulated cutaneous wound healing. In this work we discovered that in addition to proliferation, THBS4 stimulated the migration of primary keratinocytes in 3D. By using a proteotransciptomic approach we found that stimulation of keratinocytes with THBS4 regulated the activity of signaling pathways linked to proliferation, migration, inflammation and differentiation. Interestingly, some of the regulated genes (eg IL37, TSLP) have been associated with the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). We concluded that THBS4 is a promising candidate for novel wound healing therapies and suggest that there is a potential convergence of pathways that stimulate cutaneous wound healing with those active in the pathogenesis of inflammatory skin diseases.(c) 2022 Published by Elsevier Inc.