Browsing by Subject "Koronapandemia"

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  • Nikitin, Noora (Helsingin yliopisto, 2022)
    The purpose of this research was to figure out how COVID-19 has affected food purchases, making everyday meals, and using restaurant services amongst families with kids. The theoretical framework consists of execution of everyday dining and planning, formation of food choices and food shopping and also importance of eating out. According to previous studies, everyday dining is usually quite a busy and it demands quick solutions. Eating with family in peace is more common at weekends than on weekdays and planning has been shown as important factor in everyday life. In addition, the theoretical framework deals with eating out and the importance of school or work catering to Finnish food culture. Although COVID-19 is quite new as a research topic, theory of this research consists also of some of the most important effects of the Corona pandemic, for example from the perspective of consumption. The need for this research is the topicality and importance of this topic. The research questions were: What kind of effects the Corona pandemic and its limitations have had on eating in everyday life? What kind of effects the Corona pandemic and its limitations have had on food purchasing on everyday life? What kind of effects the Corona pandemic and its limitations have had on the usage of restaurant services? This study was carried out with qualitative research and the data was collected using a thematic and stimulus interview. The respondents were mainly found from a Facebook group, that is targeted for families living in the center of Helsinki. The interviews were carried out using Zoom and there were five mothers and one father in the study. The research data was first transcribed and then analyzed with thematizing and content analysis. According to results of this research, there was need for making everyday life easier during the Corona pandemic. Food planning has increased, as well as food preparation and its demands. There were also new methods for buying food and motives for usage of restaurant services. Increased planning and cooking were experienced as burdensome. To make everyday life easier, families typically used semi-processed food products and food delivery services, especially at the beginning of the pandemic. Motives for eating out were different than before COVID-19, because eating out was more likely to make everyday life easier. Results shows that ordering groceries was more common among the studied families but demands for cooking have also increased during the pandemic. These effects require important skills, for examples planning, control of everyday life and craftsmanship which are taught in home economics lessons. The changes in food purchases and food choices in unexpected situations, like the Corona pandemic, may also gain more value in the future’s home economics teaching.
  • Tikkanen, Tinja (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    In the spring of 2020, our daily lives changed as the corona pandemic became part of our everyday life. The corona pandemic has created significant societal changes, also bringing challenges to the realization of holistic well-being. Previous studies have shown how even before the global pandemic, the mental health problems of children and young people had increased significantly. The foundation of mental health is built in childhood, and the role of school institutions in promoting well-being has been widely demonstrated. The purpose of this thesis is to find out how the mental health of children and young people has been promoted in school institutions during the corona pandemic. In addition, up-to-date information on the promotion of mental health in teachers' job descriptions is added. Theoretical framework of the thesis is based on six methods of mental health promotion (Anttila et al., 2016; THL, 2021e), on the basis of which the aim is to deepen the understanding of mental health promotion and to create new current information. The thesis was carried out between May and December 2021. The material was collected during May and June with an open questionnaire from four different Facebook groups in the field of education. The sample of the thesis consisted of 41 Finnish primary and secondary school teachers, 37 of whom identified themselves as women and 4 as men. Participants ranged in age from 30 to 61, working in a total of 16 different provinces. The data analysis process was carried out during October and November by means of qualitative data-based content analysis, following a phenomenographic research design. The thesis revealed the role of interprofessional cooperation and the teacher as promoters of mental health during the corona pandemic, however, with a lack of resources in the background. Other challenges raised by the corona pandemic were also widely highlighted in the responses from both primary and secondary school teachers. In addition, the research results emphasized timely, empathic interaction that takes children and young people holistically into account. With the help of the research results, it is possible to examine the value base for promoting the well-being of the Finnish school world, at the same time drawing attention to the underlying shortcomings of our society. The research results could be applied in further research, for example, to compare the promotion of mental health in upper secondary schools and vocational schools, to examine the well-being of teachers at work, and to carry out quantitative research. This thesis creates relevant and up-to-date information for the well-being of children and young people, teachers, school communities and our society.