Browsing by Subject "LIPIDOMICS"

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  • Zhang, Lu; Diaz-Diaz, Norberto; Zarringhalam, Kourosh; Hermansson, Martin; Somerharju, Pentti; Chuang, Jeffrey (2012)
  • Liu, Dongfei; Lipponen, Katriina; Quan, Peng; Wan, Xiaocao; Zhan, Hongbo; Makilä, Ermei; Salonen, Jarno; Kostiainen, Risto; Hirvonen, Jouni; Kotiaho, Tapio; Santos, Helder A. (2018)
    By exploiting its porous structure and high loading capacity, porous silicon (PSi) is a promising biomaterial to fabricate protocells and biomimetic reactors. Here, we have evaluated the impact of physicochemical properties of PSi particles [thermally oxidized PSi, TOPSi; annealed TOPSi, AnnTOPSi; (3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane functionalized thermally carbonized PSi, APTES-TCPSi; and thermally hydrocarbonized PSi, THCPSi] on their surface interactions with different phospholipids. All of the four phospholipids were similarly adsorbed by the surface of PSi particles, except for TOPSi. Among four PSi particles, TOPSi with hydrophilic surface and smaller pore size showed the weakest adsorption toward phosphatidylcholines. By increasing the pore size from roughly 12.5 to 18.0 nm (TOPSi vs AnnTOPSi), the quantity of phosphatidylcholines adsorbed by TOPSi was enhanced to the same level of hydrophilic APTES-TCPSi and hydrophobic THCPSi. The 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) exhibited the highest release ratio of phospholipids from all four PSi particles, and phosphatidylserine (DPPS) showed the lowest release ratio of phospholipids from PSi particles, except for TOPSi, which adsorbed less phospholipids due to the small pore size. There is consistency in the release extent of phospholipids from PSi particles and the isosteric heat of adsorption. Overall, our study demonstrates the importance of pore size and surface chemistry of PSi particles as well as the structure of phospholipids on their interactions. The obtained information can be employed to guide the selection of PSi particles and phospholipids to fabricate highly ordered structures, for example, protocells, or biomimetic reactors.
  • Palviainen, Mari; Saari, Heikki; Kärkkäinen, Olli; Pekkinen, Jenna; Auriola, Seppo; Yliperttula, Marjo; Puhka, Maija; Hanhineva, Kati; Siljander, Pia R-M (2019)
    One of the greatest bottlenecks in extracellular vesicle (EV) research is the production of sufficient material in a consistent and effective way using in vitro cell models. Although the production of EVs in bioreactors maximizes EV yield in comparison to conventional cell cultures, the impact of their cell growth conditions on EVs has not yet been established. In this study, we grew two prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and VCaP, in conventional cell culture dishes and in two-chamber bioreactors to elucidate how the growth environment affects the EV characteristics. Specifically, we wanted to investigate the growth condition-dependent differences by non-targeted metabolite profiling using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis. EVs were also characterized by their morphology, size distribution, and EV protein marker expression, and the EV yields were quantified by NTA. The use of bioreactor increased the EV yield >100 times compared to the conventional cell culture system. Regarding morphology, size distribution and surface markers, only minor differences were observed between the bioreactor-derived EVs (BR-EVs) and the EVs obtained from cells grown in conventional cell cultures (C-EVs). In contrast, metabolomic analysis revealed statistically significant differences in both polar and non-polar metabolites when the BR-EVs were compared to the C-EVs. The results show that the growth conditions markedly affected the EV metabolite profiles and that metabolomics was a sensitive tool to study molecular differences of EVs. We conclude that the cell culture conditions of EV production should be standardized and carefully detailed in publications and care should be taken when EVs from different production platforms are compared with each other for systemic effects.
  • Suvitaival, Tommi; Rogers, Simon; Kaski, Samuel (2014)