Browsing by Subject "Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy"

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  • Jokela, Manu; Lehtinen, Sara; Palmio, Johanna; Saukkonen, Anna-Maija; Huovinen, Sanna; Vihola, Anna; Udd, Bjarne (2019)
    Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) are genetic disorders characterized by weakness of predominantly proximal limb and trunk muscles due to progressive loss of muscle tissue. Collagen VI-related muscular dystrophies usually display more generalized muscle involvement combined with contractures and/or hyperlaxity of distal finger joints. LGMD-like phenotype of collagenopathy has only rarely been described and as reported is usually of childhood onset. We identified a Finnish family with COL6A2-related LGMD with autosomal dominant inheritance and very late onset at 40–60 years of age. Since the mutation was previously unreported, the pathognomonic findings on muscle MRI were the decisive clue for the correct diagnosis.
  • Italian CMD Network (2018)
    Background: Dystroglycanopathy (alpha-DG) is a relatively common, clinically and genetically heterogeneous category of congenital forms of muscular dystrophy (CMD) and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) associated with hypoglycosylated alpha-dystroglycan. To date, mutations in at least 19 genes have been associated with alpha-DG. One of them, GMPPB, encoding the guanosine-diphosphate-mannose (GDP-mannose) pyrophosphorylase B protein, has recently been associated with a wide clinical spectrum ranging from severe Walker-Warburg syndrome to pseudo-metabolic myopathy and even congenital myasthenic syndromes. We re-sequenced the full set of known disease genes in 73 Italian patients with evidence of either reduced or nearly absent alpha-dystroglycan to assess genotype-phenotype correlations in this cohort. We used innovative bioinformatic tools to calculate the effects of all described GMPPB mutations on protein function and attempted to correlate them with phenotypic expressions. Results: We identified 13 additional cases from 12 families and defined seven novel mutations. Patients displayed variable phenotypes including less typical pictures, ranging from asymptomatic hyperCKemia, to arthrogryposis and congenital clubfoot at birth, and also showed neurodevelopmental comorbidities, such as seizures and ataxic gait, as well as autism-spectrum disorder, which is seldom described in clinical reports of dystroglycanopathies. We also demonstrated that few mutations recur in the Italian GMPPB-mutated population and that alterations of protein stability are the main effects of GMPPB missense variants. Conclusion: This work adds to the data on genotype-phenotype correlations in alpha-DG and offers new bionformatic tools to provide the conceptual framework needed to understand the complexity of these disorders.
  • Astrea, Guja; Romano, Alessandro; Angelini, Corrado; Antozzi, Carlo G; Barresi, Rita; Battini, Roberta; Battisti, Carla; Bertini, Enrico; Bruno, Claudio; Cassandrini, Denise; Fanin, Marina; Fattori, Fabiana; Fiorillo, Chiara; Guerrini, Renzo; Maggi, Lorenzo; Mercuri, Eugenio; Morani, Federica; Mora, Marina; Moro, Francesca; Pezzini, Ilaria; Picillo, Esther; Pinelli, Michele; Politano, Luisa; Rubegni, Anna; Sanseverino, Walter; Savarese, Marco; Striano, Pasquale; Torella, Annalaura; Trevisan, Carlo Pietro; Trovato, Rosanna; Zaraieva, Irina; Muntoni, Francesco; Nigro, Vincenzo; D’Amico, Adele; Santorelli, Filippo M (BioMed Central, 2018)
    Abstract Background Dystroglycanopathy (α-DG) is a relatively common, clinically and genetically heterogeneous category of congenital forms of muscular dystrophy (CMD) and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) associated with hypoglycosylated α-dystroglycan. To date, mutations in at least 19 genes have been associated with α-DG. One of them, GMPPB, encoding the guanosine-diphosphate-mannose (GDP-mannose) pyrophosphorylase B protein, has recently been associated with a wide clinical spectrum ranging from severe Walker-Warburg syndrome to pseudo-metabolic myopathy and even congenital myasthenic syndromes. We re-sequenced the full set of known disease genes in 73 Italian patients with evidence of either reduced or nearly absent α-dystroglycan to assess genotype-phenotype correlations in this cohort. We used innovative bioinformatic tools to calculate the effects of all described GMPPB mutations on protein function and attempted to correlate them with phenotypic expressions. Results We identified 13 additional cases from 12 families and defined seven novel mutations. Patients displayed variable phenotypes including less typical pictures, ranging from asymptomatic hyperCKemia, to arthrogryposis and congenital clubfoot at birth, and also showed neurodevelopmental comorbidities, such as seizures and ataxic gait, as well as autism-spectrum disorder, which is seldom described in clinical reports of dystroglycanopathies. We also demonstrated that few mutations recur in the Italian GMPPB-mutated population and that alterations of protein stability are the main effects of GMPPB missense variants. Conclusion This work adds to the data on genotype-phenotype correlations in α-DG and offers new bionformatic tools to provide the conceptual framework needed to understand the complexity of these disorders.
  • Balcin, Hasan; Palmio, Johanna; Penttila, Sini; Nennesmo, Inger; Lindfors, Mikaela; Solders, Goran; Udd, Bjarne (2017)
    Mutations in GMPPB gene have been reported in patients with early-onset disease ranging from severe congenital muscular dystrophies to limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) with mental retardation. More recently mutations in GMPPB have been identified with congenital myasthenic syndromes as well as milder phenotypes. We report two unrelated cases with LGMD that underwent clinical, histopathological and genetic studies. In both cases, we found identical compound heterozygous GMPPB mutations c.79G>C p.D27H and c.859C>T p.R287W, leading to a glycosylation defect of alpha-dystroglycan. The onset of muscle weakness was 30-40 years and the progression rate mild to moderate. Case 2 became wheelchair-bound at the age of 60. No cognitive or behavioral symptoms were noted. These cases provide further evidence that GMPPB mutations can also cause late-onset recessive LGMD with milder phenotypes than previously reported, and thus should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with adult-onset muscular dystrophies. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Palmio, Johanna; Jonson, Per Harald; Inoue, Michio; Sarparanta, Jaakko; Bengoechea, Rocio; Savarese, Marco; Vihola, Anna; Jokela, Manu; Nakagawa, Masanori; Noguchi, Satoru; Olivé, Montse; Masingue, Marion; Kerty, Emilia; Hackman, Peter; Weihl, Conrad C.; Nishino, Ichizo; Udd, Bjarne (2020)
    Eight patients from five families with undiagnosed dominant distal myopathy underwent clinical, neurophysiological and muscle biopsy examinations. Molecular genetic studies were performed using targeted sequencing of all known myopathy genes followed by segregation of the identified mutations in the affected families using Sanger sequencing. Two novel mutations in DNAJB6 J domain, c.149C>T (p.A50V) and c.161A>C (p.E54A), were identified as the cause of disease. The muscle involvement with p.A50V was distal calf-predominant, and the p.E54A was more proximo-distal. Histological findings were similar to those previously reported in DNAJB6 myopathy. In line with reported pathogenic mutations in the glycine/phenylalanine (G/F) domain of DNAJB6, both the novel mutations showed reduced anti-aggregation capacity by filter trap assay and TDP-43 disaggregation assays. Modeling of the protein showed close proximity of the mutated residues with the G/F domain. Myopathy-causing mutations in DNAJB6 are not only located in the G/F domain, but also in the J domain. The identified mutations in the J domain cause dominant distal and proximo-distal myopathy, confirming that mutations in DNAJB6 should be considered in distal myopathy cases.
  • Palmio, Johanna; Jonson, Per Harald; Evilä, Anni; Auranen, Mari; Straub, Volker; Bushby, Kate; Sarkozy, Anna; Kiuru-Enari, Sari; Sandell, Satu; Pihko, Helena; Hackman, Peter; Udd, Bjarne (2015)
    DNAJB6 is the causative gene for limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1D (LGMD1D). Four different coding missense mutations, p.F89I, p.F93I, p.F93L, and p.P96R, have been reported in families from Europe, North America and Asia. The previously known mutations cause mainly adult-onset proximal muscle weakness with moderate progression and without respiratory involvement. A Finnish family and a British patient have been studied extensively due to a severe muscular dystrophy. The patients had childhood-onset LGMD, loss of ambulation in early adulthood and respiratory involvement; one patient died of respiratory failure aged 32. Two novel mutations, c.271T > A (p.F91I) and c.271T > C (p.F91L), in DNAJB6 were identified by whole exome sequencing as a cause of this severe form of LGMD1D. The results were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The anti-aggregation effect of the mutant DNAJB6 was investigated in a filter-trap based system using transient transfection of mammalian cell lines and polyQ-huntingtin as a model for an aggregation-prone protein. Both novel mutant proteins show a significant loss of ability to prevent aggregation. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.