Browsing by Subject "Lukio"

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  • Löfström, Jan (2011)
    The article discusses a study of what Finnish high school students think of the idea of reparing historical injustices. The philosophical and political aspects of historical reparations have been analyzed widely but there is a lack of research on how people actually ponder on such reparations. The topic is relevant for history teaching because people's reflections on historical reparations also tell about their historical consciousness more generally, e.g. regarding what they see as plausible explanations in history. The study is based on fourteen focus group interviews, made in 2008- 2009; the number of interviewed students was fifty-three. The article analyses the students’s reflections from the perspective of what the students think of the possibility of historical continuity in the context of transgenerational moral obligations and responsibilities. The article relates the findings to earlier studies of Finnish adolescents' historical consciousness and societal thinking, and it also ponders on the consequences of the analysis to the development of history teaching and history curricula in Finland.
  • Turtio, Panu (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    Työn tavoitteena on tutkia, miten voidaan tuottaa lukiokurssi primitiivistä juurista. Primitiivistä juurista ei ole ennalta materiaalia lukiotasolle, joten työssä joudutaankehittämään metodi yliopistotason materiaalin muuntamiselle lukiotasolle. Työssä esitetään ja todistetaan lukuteorian lauseita. Nämä lauseet on valikoitu sellaisiksi, että ne ovat vähin mitä tarvitaan primitiivisten juurten käsittelyyn. Tämän lisäksi työssä esitellään Diffie-Hellman-avaintenvaihtoprotokolla ja murtamiseen käytettävä Square and multiply - algoritmi. Työssä tuotetaan lukuteorian lukiokurssi primitiivisistä juurista pohjautuen työssä läpikäytyyn materiaaliin. Lukiokurssi tuotetaan vertailemalla analyysin yliopiston ja lukion oppimateriaalien eroavaisuuksia. Näistä eroavaisuuksista pyritään analysoimaan säännönmukaisuuksia, millä yliopis-tontason materiaali voidaan muuntaa lukio-opetukseen sopivaksi. Yliopisto- ja lukiotasoisten oppimateriaalien eroavaisuuksiksi havaittiin sisällön rajaus, matemaattisten merkkien muuntaminen kirjalliseksi kieleksi, opetettavan sisällön järjestys ja painotus todistuksiin yliopistossa sekä painotus esimerkkeihin lukiossa. Nämä havainnot huomioon ottaen, työn matematiikkaosion lauseista muunnettiin lukioympäristöön sopiva kokonaisuus. Tämä kokonaisuus on riittävä pohja lukiokurssin pitämiseen näistä aiheista ja sisältää myös opetuksen aikataulutuksen.
  • Ikonen, Kirsi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    With the amendment to the Act on Upper Secondary Education that came into force in 2019, students have the right to receive special needs education in upper secondary school, which is why the need for upper secondary school special education teachers will increase in the future. In the last decade, there have been only little research on special education in upper secondary schools in Finland. The purpose of this study was to find out the work assignment of upper secondary school special education teachers and the challenges they experienced in carrying out their work. The aim of the study is to look at high school special education from the perspective of high school special education teachers and to create an overall picture of what kind of tasks the job description of a high school special education teacher consists of and what kind of challenges they face in their work. This is a qualitative study, where was interviewed six high school special education teachers who worked in three different municipalities. The research material was collected through semi-structured thematic interviews, which were analyzed using content analysis. Based on the results of the study, the job description of special education teachers consisted of three broad areas, which were collaboration, student support, and written work. In the job description of a high school special education teacher, the most employment-related tasks emphasized issues related to supporting reading difficulties, making reading statements and writing learning support plans. The most challenging things for high school special education teachers were the lack of resources and time in their work, as well as the ambiguity of their own job description. According to special education teachers, these results show that current resources are not sufficient to provide ongoing and adequate support in upper secondary school. In order to organize special education in upper secondary school, clearer frameworks would also be needed to make the provision of support more uniform and equal in every upper secondary school throughout Finland.
  • Lyytikäinen, Pauliina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Education has different kinds of functions. Schools have a role in passing values, knowledge and qualification. Schools should also support students improve their civic and critical thinking. Finland has the objective of having half of its 25-34-year-olds holding a higher education degree by 2030. Improving the level of education of the population has contributed to the rise in the productivity of labour and economic. In my thesis, I am interested in how the upper secondary schools, their educational and social purpose, are seen in the public writings. I want to find out What people write about when writing about upper secondary school. The research material consists of 79 digital Opinion Pieces published by Helsingin Sanomat, the largest newspaper in Finland. I also examine what kind of rhetorical methods writers use when they demand either change or permanence of upper secondary schools. The analysis shows that students experience a lot of stress because of all the changes they are going through. Reforms have been done in higher education student selection in Finland which sets a new kind of pressure for students` choices and it challenges their curriculum planning. This reform can mediate students` schoolwork and enjoyable study choices. Reforms affect what kind of study choices students make, and these choices can impact the quality of teaching. Opinion pieces articulate that there is a need for a more peaceful learning and teaching environment in upper secondary schools. Concerning educational reforms, it seems that there is a need for advanced co-operation with political decision-makers and upper secondary school teachers and students.
  • Taipale, Nora (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    This master’s thesis focuses on the support for learning and well-being in Finnish general upper secondary education. In Finland, the reform of general upper secondary education started in 2017. Under the new Act on General Upper Secondary Education (714/2018), students are entitled to receive special needs education and other support for learning, when The National Core Curriculum for General Upper Secondary Schools (Finnish National Agency for Education, 2019) will come into force in the autumn of 2021. Special education will be given by special education teachers (Finnish National Agency for Education, 2019). However, many Finnish upper secondary schools do not yet have a special education teacher, and practices in special education are still lacking (Greus et al., 2019). The main aim of this study is to structure a general view of support for learning and well-being in general upper secondary education. In addition, the purpose is to analyse factors that enable or challenge support being fulfilled in school and to examine visions of special education teachers job description in the future. The aim of this study is also to act as a tool for developing support in Finnish general upper secondary schools. This study is carried out as a qualitative case study. The data is produced in one general upper secondary school by interviewing subject teachers, the principal, the guidance counsellor, the psychologist, the school social worker and the school nurse. The support in general upper secondary school appeared multidimensional and layered. In relation to the student, three layers were found: individual support, support in group and support in the structures of the school. The best situation with support measures was in individual student welfare services, whereas in instruction individual support was rarely actualized. The main factor that challenged the support being fulfilled in instruction was the fact that subject teachers did not know the students. In student welfare services the main challenge for support was the lack of time. The job of special education teachers in the future was met with confusion and optimism.