Browsing by Subject "MARINE MICROALGAE"

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  • Tossavainen, Marika; Ilyass, Usman; Ollilainen, Velimatti; Valkonen, Kalle; Ojala, Anne; Romantschuk, Martin (2019)
    Nitrogen limitation is considered a good strategy for enhancement of algal lipid production while conversely N repletion has been shown to result in biomass rich in proteins. In this study, the influence of long-term N limitation on Euglena gracilis fatty acid (FA), protein, chlorophyll a, and carotenoid concentrations was studied in N limited cultures. Biomass composition was analyzed from three-time points from N starved late stationary phase cultures, exposed to three different initial N concentrations in the growth medium. Total lipid content increased under N limitation in ageing cultures, but the low N content and prolonged cultivation time resulted in the formation of a high proportion of saturated FAs. Furthermore, growth as well as the production of proteins, chlorophyll a and carotenoids were enhanced in higher N concentrations and metabolism of these cellular components stayed stable during the stationary growth phase. Our findings showed that a higher N availability and a shorter cultivation time is a good strategy for efficient E. gracilis biomass production, regardless of whether the produced biomass is intended for maximal recovery of polyunsaturated FAs, proteins, or photosynthetic pigments. Additionally, we showed an increase of neoxanthin, beta-carotene, and diadinoxanthin as a response to higher N availability.
  • Tossavainen, Marika; Lahti, Katariina; Edelmann, Minnamari; Eskola, Reetta; Lampi, Anna-Maija; Piironen, Vieno; Korvonen, Pasi; Ojala, Anne; Romantschuk, Martin (2019)
    Microalgal cultivation in aquaculture wastewater (AWW) from recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) is an approach for combined production of valuable algal biomass and AWW treatment. The growth, nutrient uptake, fatty acid (FA) profile, and tocopherol content of mixed algal cultures of Euglena gracilis with Selenastrum grown in AWWs from pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) and catfish (Clarias anguillaris) RAS were studied. The highest algal biomass (1.5gL(-1)), lipid (84.9mgL(-1)), and tocopherol (877.2gL(-1)) yields were achieved in sludge-amended pike perch AWW. Nutrient removal rates in experiments were 98.9-99.5 and 98.4-99.8% for NH4-N and PO4-P, and 75.4-89.2% and 84.3-95.7% for TN and TP, respectively, whereas the COD was reduced by 45.8-67.6%. Biomass EPA and DHA content met, while ARA and tocopherol content exceeded the requirements for fish feed. Algal cultivation in AWWs is a promising alternative for AWW treatment while providing a replacement for fish oil in feed.